> 2017 military spending: $18.2 billion
> Military spending change, 2008-2017: +46.0%
> Expenditure as pct. of GDP: 2.2%
> Military spending per capita: $225
Due to substantial unrest with neighbors Syria and Iraq, Turkey’s military has carried out several bombing campaigns in 2017 and 2018, targeting U.S.-backed Kurdish fighters in Syria. Turkey has increased its military spending by 46% in the last decade, the second-largest increase among the top 15 military spenders in the world. Turkey is a member of NATO and operates as a buffer between European NATO members and the countries besieged with violence in the Middle East.
> Military expenditure: $20.6 billion
> Pct. change military expenditure, 2008-2017: +13.0%
> Expenditure as pct. of GDP: 1.3%
> Per-capita military expenditure: $562
Canada spent $20.6 billion on its military in 2017, the 14th highest amount in the world. Still, Canada’s military expenditure accounts for a relatively low percentage of the nation’s GDP at just 1.3%. This percentage is lower than a dozen other nations on this list. On average, the other 14 countries on this list spend 2.7% of GDP on their militaries, more than double what Canada spends.
> Military expenditure: $27.5 billion
> Pct. change military expenditure, 2008-2017: +33.0%
> Expenditure as pct. of GDP: 2.0%
> Per-capita military expenditure: $1,123
Citing disputes in the South China Sea and a rise in terrorism in Europe, Australian leaders have opted to build up the island nation’s military. Australia spends 2% of its GDP on its military, and it has one of the highest per-capita military expenditures among countries on this list at $1,123. Of the 15 nations with the largest military budgets, only the U.S. and Saudi Arabia spend more on their armed forces per person than Australia.
> Military expenditure: $29.2 billion
> Pct. change military expenditure, 2008-2017: -17.0%
> Expenditure as pct. of GDP: 1.5%
> Per-capita military expenditure: $493
Unlike most countries on this list, Italy is cutting back on military spending. In the last decade, Italian military spending declined by 17% to $29.2 billion. That is the steepest drop of any country among the top 15 military spenders worldwide. However, Italian military spending could be on a bit of an upswing as the country started spending an increased amount of money procuring arms from domestic weapons manufacturers in 2016.
> Military expenditure: $29.3 billion
> Pct. change military expenditure, 2008-2017: +21.0%
> Expenditure as pct. of GDP: 1.4%
> Per-capita military expenditure: $140
As one of the largest nations in the world, Brazil also has one of the largest military budgets. Brazil spent $29.3 billion on its military in 2017, or 1.4% of its GDP that year. Men are required to serve in the Brazilian military for at least 10 months. Brazil is the only country in South America on this list. It is also unique from many of the other countries on this list in that much of its military resources are used to deal with issues within its own borders. Brazilian armed forces are often deployed to keep the peace in the country’s low-income neighborhoods known as favelas.