Special Report

The Most Common Types of Cancer in Men and Women

Source: damiangretka / Getty Images

5. Melanoma of the skin
> Est. new cases in 2019: 96,480
> Diagnosis by gender: 59.3% male, 40.7% female
> Est. deaths in 2019: 7,230
> Deaths by gender: 65.6% male, 34.4% female

Melanoma of the skin, or skin cancer, is one of the most common types of cancer in the United States and is highly treatable. The cancer is more common in lighter skinned people and typically occurs on the chest and back in men and on the legs of women. Treatments can involve surgery, medication, and radiation.

Source: noipornpan / Getty Images

4. Colon
> Est. new cases in 2019: 101,420
> Diagnosis by gender: 51.0% male, 49.0% female
> Est. deaths in 2019: 51,020
> Deaths by gender: 54.2% male, 45.8% female

Older adults should be regularly screened for colon cancer as age is a primary risk factor — though the disease can affect individuals of any age. Symptoms include abdominal pain, rectal bleeding, and unexplained weight loss. The 51,020 projected 2019 colon cancer deaths include rectal cancer deaths as rectal cancer deaths are often misdiagnosed as colon cancer.

Source: 7postman / Getty Images

3. Prostate
> Est. new cases in 2019: 174,650
> Diagnosis by gender: 100% male
> Est. deaths in 2019: 31,620
> Deaths by gender: 100% male

Prostate cancer is the most common type of cancer in men and the second biggest killer after lung cancer. Though the exact causes of prostate cancer are not known, risk factors include age, obesity, and family history. Symptoms include trouble urinating, erectile dysfunction, and bone pain. If detected early before it spreads to other parts of the body, chances of successful treatment are far higher. The ACS estimates there will be nearly 175,000 new cases of prostate cancer in the United States in 2019 and 31,620 deaths.

Source: kalus / Getty Images

2. Lung & bronchus
> Est. new cases in 2019: 228,150
> Diagnosis by gender: 51.0% male, 49.0% female
> Est. deaths in 2019: 142,670
> Deaths by gender: 53.7% male, 46.3% female

Lung and bronchus cancer is the second most common cancer in the United States. It is the leading cause of death for both men and women. Smokers are at increased risk of lung cancer, though the disease can also affect non-smokers. There are typically no symptoms of the disease in its early stages, but later stage symptoms can include chest pain, coughing up blood, hoarseness, and shortness of breath.

Source: thomasandreas / Getty Images

1. Breast
> Est. new cases in 2019: 271,270
> Diagnosis by gender: 1.0% male, 99.0% female
> Est. deaths in 2019: 42,260
> Deaths by gender: 1.2% male, 98.8% female

Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer and the number two killer of women in the United States after lung cancer. Though men can develop breast cancer, the vast majority of the 271,270 new cases expected in 2019 will be in women. Thanks to widespread awareness, earlier detection and advanced treatment the breast cancer death rate is declining.

Sponsored: Find a Qualified Financial Advisor:

Finding a qualified financial advisor doesn’t have to be hard. SmartAsset’s free tool matches you with up to 3 fiduciary financial advisors in your area in 5 minutes. Each advisor has been vetted by SmartAsset and is held to a fiduciary standard to act in your best interests. If you’re ready to be matched with local advisors that can help you achieve your financial goals, get started now.