Special Report

Every State's Rules for Staying At Home and Social Distancing

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Most of the United States is in lockdown as people are staying inside, keeping clear of the novel coronavirus that has killed about 30,000 Americans as of April 16. Nonessential businesses are closed, any social gatherings of more than 10 people are prohibited, and as of April 16, stay-at-home orders are in effect in all but eight states.

To slow the spread of the novel coronavirus and save lives by keeping the local health care systems from being overwhelmed, each state has implemented its own set of rules — at different times and at varying degrees or restrictiveness.

To determine each state’s social distancing rules and restrictions on movement, 24/7 Wall St. reviewed executive orders from governors since the first COVID-19 case was confirmed in the United States at the end of January.

According to health experts, social or physical distancing is the best available means to slow the spread of the novel coronavirus. Under the few circumstances, people are allowed to go outside but are asked to keep a distance of at least 6 feet from one another, unless they live in the same household.

Stay-at-home orders have halted travel and disrupted everyday lives for most Americans, but the governors of some states have waited weeks after the first confirmed case in their states to issue such orders. South Carolina was the latest state to enact a stay-at-home order effective April 7, a month after the first confirmed COVID-19 case in the state.

While many people may feel they are in a gridlock and resist giving up their right to go outside or travel freely, there is some evidence that social distancing limitations are working and the rate of daily new infections is slowing. Still, the country is far from easing restrictions. According to some projections, up to 240,000 Americans may die from the novel coronavirus until the pandemic is contained. Here are the states where the virus is spreading the fastest right now.

Click here to see every state’s rules for stay at home and social distancing

To determine every state’s rules on social distancing and restrictions on movement, 24/7 Wall St. reviewed each state’s governor executive orders since the first COVID-19 case was confirmed in the United States at the end of January.

Data on COVID-19 confirmed cases and related deaths came from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention as well as from state and local health departments. The number of COVID-19 tests every state has conducted as of April 16 also came from state and local health departments.

Source: alabama_extension / Flickr

Alabama
> Confirmed COVID-19 cases as of April 16: 86.8 per 100,000 — 22nd highest (total: 4,241)
> COVID-19 related deaths as of April 16: 2.5 per 100,000 — 25th highest (total: 123)
> Tests as of April 16: 7.4 per 1,000 — 22nd lowest (total: 36,363)
> Days between first case (3/13/2020) and statewide stay-at-home effective date (4/4/2020): 22
> Population: 4,887,871

All Alabama schools are closed for the remainder of the 2019-20 school year. Nonessential businesses closed on March 28 and remain closed. All non-work-related gatherings of 10 or more people are prohibited. The stay-at-home order expires at the end of April. The governor is considering reopening the economy after that.

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Alaska
> Confirmed COVID-19 cases as of April 16: 39.7 per 100,000 — 5th lowest (total: 293)
> COVID-19 related deaths as of April 16: 1.2 per 100,000 — 11th lowest (total: 09)
> Tests as of April 16: 11.7 per 1,000 — 15th highest (total: 8,664)
> Days between first case (3/12/2020) and statewide stay-at-home effective date (3/28/2020): 16
> Population: 737,438

The stay-at-home order is in effect until April 21 at least. People may still go outside but must remain at least 6 feet away from other individuals not in their households. Restaurants may be open for delivery, drive-through, or takeout. Playgrounds and parks may still be open. Grocery stores, gas stations, banks, and pharmacies are among the essential businesses that can still be open.

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Arizona
> Confirmed COVID-19 cases as of April 16: 55.2 per 100,000 — 15th lowest (total: 3,962)
> COVID-19 related deaths as of April 16: 2.0 per 100,000 — 18th lowest (total: 142)
> Tests as of April 16: 6.3 per 1,000 — 11th lowest (total: 45,310)
> Days between first case (1/26/2020) and statewide stay-at-home effective date (3/31/2020): 65
> Population: 7,171,646

The stay-at-home order ends on April 30, unless extended. Residents can only leave their places of residence for essential activities, such as grocery shopping or obtaining necessary supplies and services for their families or pets. Restaurants can be open only for delivery or takeout. Gyms and fitness centers are closed, but exercising outdoors is permitted as long as people maintain a 6-foot distancing.

Arkansas
> Confirmed COVID-19 cases as of April 16: 53.1 per 100,000 — 13th lowest (total: 1,599)
> COVID-19 related deaths as of April 16: 1.1 per 100,000 — 9th lowest (total: 34)
> Tests as of April 16: 7.4 per 1,000 — 20th lowest (total: 22,289)
> Days between first case (3/11/2020) and statewide stay-at-home effective date: No statewide stay-at-home orders as of April 16
> Population: 3,013,825

There was no statewide stay-at-home order as of April 16. However, gatherings are restricted to no more than 10 people. Anywhere outside people must maintain 6 feet distance. Businesses that require significant person-to-person interaction are closed. Commercial lodgings and rentals are only open for people providing essential services. Schools are closed until further notice.

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California
> Confirmed COVID-19 cases as of April 16: 68.5 per 100,000 — 21st lowest (total: 27,097)
> COVID-19 related deaths as of April 16: 2.2 per 100,000 — 22nd lowest (total: 889)
> Tests as of April 16: Not available to public
> Days between first case (1/25/2020) and statewide stay-at-home effective date (3/19/2020): 54
> Population: 39,557,045

A stay-at-home order has been in effect since March 19 and will remain so until further notice. Day cares are still open, but only for children of parents working in essential sectors. Visiting people in hospitals and nursing homes is discouraged. Hiking is allowed if people practice social distancing of 6 feet.

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Colorado
> Confirmed COVID-19 cases as of April 16: 145.4 per 100,000 — 13th highest (total: 8,280)
> COVID-19 related deaths as of April 16: 6.3 per 100,000 — 11th highest (total: 357)
> Tests as of April 16: 7.1 per 1,000 — 16th lowest (total: 40,533)
> Days between first case (3/5/2020) and statewide stay-at-home effective date (3/26/2020): 21
> Population: 5,695,564

The stay-at-home order was extended until April 26. Grocery stores, firearm stores, marijuana dispensaries and gas stations are among the businesses considered essential and are allowed to remain open. State parks are open, but playgrounds and picnic areas are closed. No gatherings of more than 10 people are allowed.

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Connecticut
> Confirmed COVID-19 cases as of April 16: 413.0 per 100,000 — 5th highest (total: 14,755)
> COVID-19 related deaths as of April 16: 24.3 per 100,000 — 3rd highest (total: 868)
> Tests as of April 16: 14.0 per 1,000 — 11th highest (total: 50,143)
> Days between first case (3/8/2020) and statewide stay-at-home effective date (3/23/2020): 15
> Population: 3,572,665

Grocery stores operate at half capacity. The “safe stores” guidelines mandate that every other register line would be out of service. A 6-foot minimum distance between people is required outdoors. Parking capacity is limited at certain parks and walk-ins are banned to limit the number of visitors. Restaurants are still open for delivery or takeout. Gyms and fitness centers are closed, but public parks are still open. A stay-at-home order is in effect until April 22.

Delaware
> Confirmed COVID-19 cases as of April 16: 208.2 per 100,000 — 8th highest (total: 2,014)
> COVID-19 related deaths as of April 16: 4.8 per 100,000 — 16th highest (total: 46)
> Tests as of April 16: 13.5 per 1,000 — 12th highest (total: 13,102)
> Days between first case (3/11/2020) and statewide stay-at-home effective date (3/24/2020): 13
> Population: 967,171

A stay-at-home order is in place at least until May 15, requiring people to remain in their homes and avoid going out in public unless they are engaged in an “essential activity” or “essential travel.” When out, people must maintain at least a 6-foot distance from each other. All beaches are closed except for people exercising or walking their dogs. People can still go out to get groceries, exercise, take care of others, and for other essential activities.

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Florida
> Confirmed COVID-19 cases as of April 16: 105.7 per 100,000 — 20th highest (total: 22,519)
> COVID-19 related deaths as of April 16: 2.9 per 100,000 — 22nd highest (total: 627)
> Tests as of April 16: 10.1 per 1,000 — 19th highest (total: 215,521)
> Days between first case (3/1/2020) and statewide stay-at-home effective date (4/3/2020): 33
> Population: 21,299,325

Social distancing guidelines are in place at least until mid-May. A stay-at-home order is in effect until April 30. Delivery or takeout services only are allowed, and gyms are closed. No gatherings of more than 10 people are allowed. People can still go outside for exercise or to go fishing. WWE was declared an essential business and can operate during the stay-at-home order. Senior citizens and individuals with significant underlying medical conditions must stay at home.

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Georgia
> Confirmed COVID-19 cases as of April 16: 146.5 per 100,000 — 12th highest (total: 15,409)
> COVID-19 related deaths as of April 16: 5.5 per 100,000 — 13th highest (total: 579)
> Tests as of April 16: 6.5 per 1,000 — 13th lowest (total: 67,885)
> Days between first case (3/2/2020) and statewide stay-at-home effective date (4/3/2020): 32
> Population: 10,519,475

A shelter-in-place order in effect at least until April 30. People can only go out to get essential supplies or go to the doctor, but they must maintain a 6-foot distance from one another. Child care facilities are open but must have no more than 10 people at the facility. Some beaches and parks are closed.

Hawaii
> Confirmed COVID-19 cases as of April 15: 37.3 per 100,000 — 2nd lowest (total: 530)
> COVID-19 related deaths as of April 15: 0.6 per 100,000 — 3rd lowest (total: 09)
> Tests as of April 16: Not available to public
> Days between first case (3/6/2020) and statewide stay-at-home effective date (3/25/2020): 19
> Population: 1,420,491

People must quarantine themselves for two weeks if traveling between islands or risk fines of up to $5,000 and a year in prison. Only people seeking medical attention may leave their designated quarantine zones, which is the location residents have specified to be their quarantine zone on the mandatory State of Hawaii Department of Agriculture Plants and Animals Declaration Form. Stay-at-home, work-at-home orders are in effect for Honolulu and Maui through April 30.

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Idaho
> Confirmed COVID-19 cases as of April 15: 83.5 per 100,000 — 24th highest (total: 1,464)
> COVID-19 related deaths as of April 15: 2.2 per 100,000 — 21st lowest (total: 39)
> Tests as of April 16: 8.8 per 1,000 — 24th highest (total: 15,398)
> Days between first case (3/13/2020) and statewide stay-at-home effective date (3/25/2020): 12
> Population: 1,754,208

The stay-at-home order was extended until the end of April. Out-of-state visitors must self-isolate, and nonessential businesses must remain closed. Grocery shopping and outdoor activities are permitted so long as residents maintain 6 feet distance. Hunting and fishing seasons continue as long as people follow social distancing guidelines. Essential tribal operations can remain open.

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Illinois
> Confirmed COVID-19 cases as of April 16: 193.0 per 100,000 — 10th highest (total: 24,593)
> COVID-19 related deaths as of April 16: 7.4 per 100,000 — 9th highest (total: 948)
> Tests as of April 16: 9.2 per 1,000 — 22nd highest (total: 116,929)
> Days between first case (1/24/2020) and statewide stay-at-home effective date (3/21/2020): 57
> Population: 12,741,080

A shelter-in-place order is in effect at least through April 30. Schools are to remain closed at least until then as well. Residents may take walks while maintaining at least 6 feet distance, drive on both local roads and interstate highways as well as go to grocery stores, gas stations, and pharmacies.

Indiana
> Confirmed COVID-19 cases as of April 16: 133.8 per 100,000 — 15th highest (total: 8,955)
> COVID-19 related deaths as of April 16: 6.5 per 100,000 — 10th highest (total: 436)
> Tests as of April 16: 7.2 per 1,000 — 18th lowest (total: 48,396)
> Days between first case (3/6/2020) and statewide stay-at-home effective date (3/24/2020): 18
> Population: 6,691,878

A stay-at-home order is in effect at least until April 20. Unless people work for an essential business or are doing an essential activity, they must stay home. Public transportation, ride-sharing, and taxis should only be used for essential travel. Day cares are open. State parks are open, but playgrounds are closed. Gyms and fitness centers are closed, but exercising outdoors is permitted as long as people maintain 6-foot physical distancing.

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Iowa
> Confirmed COVID-19 cases as of April 16: 63.2 per 100,000 — 18th lowest (total: 1,995)
> COVID-19 related deaths as of April 16: 1.7 per 100,000 — 15th lowest (total: 53)
> Tests as of April 16: 6.3 per 1,000 — 10th lowest (total: 19,869)
> Days between first case (3/8/2020) and statewide stay-at-home effective date: No statewide stay-at-home order as of April 16
> Population: 3,156,145

Nonessential businesses are closed at least until April 30. Gatherings of more than 10 people are prohibited. Large gatherings are canceled or postponed. Livestock auctions of food animals with more than 25 people and all other auctions with more than 10 people are prohibited. Anyone who refuses to limit social gatherings could face misdemeanor charges.

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Kansas
> Confirmed COVID-19 cases as of April 16: 51.3 per 100,000 — 12th lowest (total: 1,494)
> COVID-19 related deaths as of April 16: 2.6 per 100,000 — 24th highest (total: 76)
> Tests as of April 16: 5.0 per 1,000 — 6th lowest (total: 14,668)
> Days between first case (3/7/2020) and statewide stay-at-home effective date (3/30/2020): 23
> Population: 2,911,510

A temporary, statewide stay-home order is in effect until April 19. Residents can only go out to see a doctor, buy groceries, or care for elderly relatives. Outdoor activities are allowed only if people maintain a distance of 6 feet from one another.

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Kentucky
> Confirmed COVID-19 cases as of April 16: 51.3 per 100,000 — 11th lowest (total: 2,291)
> COVID-19 related deaths as of April 16: 2.7 per 100,000 — 23rd highest (total: 122)
> Tests as of April 16: Not available to public
> Days between first case (3/6/2020) and statewide stay-at-home effective date (3/26/2020): 20
> Population: 4,468,402

A stay-at-home order is in effect until further notice. Travel from Kentucky to other states is limited. Residents can leave the state only to care for loved ones, see a doctor, go to work, if they have a court order, or to get groceries. If people leave for other reasons, they have to self-quarantine for 14 days. Gas stations and liquor stores are among the businesses that are still open.

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Louisiana
> Confirmed COVID-19 cases as of April 16: 471.1 per 100,000 — 3rd highest (total: 21,951)
> COVID-19 related deaths as of April 16: 23.7 per 100,000 — 4th highest (total: 1,103)
> Tests as of April 16: 25.9 per 1,000 — 2nd highest (total: 120,819)
> Days between first case (3/9/2020) and statewide stay-at-home effective date (3/23/2020): 14
> Population: 4,659,978

An order directing all Louisiana residents to shelter at home and limit movements outside beyond essential needs is in effect. Residents have to work from home unless they are providing essential services. Nonessential businesses are closed to the public. The stay-at-home order has been extended until April 30. Gas stations, and veterinary services are open. Outdoor exercise is allowed as long as people maintain a 6-foot distance. Playgrounds are closed.

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Maine
> Confirmed COVID-19 cases as of April 15: 57.5 per 100,000 — 17th lowest (total: 770)
> COVID-19 related deaths as of April 15: 1.8 per 100,000 — 17th lowest (total: 24)
> Tests as of April 16: 11.1 per 1,000 — 17th highest (total: 14,846)
> Days between first case (3/12/2020) and statewide stay-at-home effective date (4/2/2020): 21
> Population: 1,338,404

An executive order requiring travelers to the state to self-quarantine for 14 days is in effect at least until April 30. All lodging businesses are suspended. Until April 30, everyone is required to stay at home at all times unless for an essential job or an essential personal reason. Schools must continue to provide remote learning options for students until at least May 1.

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Maryland
> Confirmed COVID-19 cases as of April 16: 166.0 per 100,000 — 11th highest (total: 10,032)
> COVID-19 related deaths as of April 16: 5.8 per 100,000 — 12th highest (total: 349)
> Tests as of April 16: 9.7 per 1,000 — 21st highest (total: 58,843)
> Days between first case (3/5/2020) and statewide stay-at-home effective date (3/30/2020): 25
> Population: 6,042,718

Social distancing guidelines are enforced. Breaking the rules can result in fines or jail time. Businesses deemed essential, including auto repair shops and certain manufacturers, can remain open. Local school districts will continue to implement distance learning options. People can hunt, fish, and crab for food but follow social distancing guidelines. Recreational boating is not an acceptable outdoor activity. A stay-at-home order is in effect until terminated by the governor.

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Massachusetts
> Confirmed COVID-19 cases as of April 16: 433.5 per 100,000 — 4th highest (total: 29,918)
> COVID-19 related deaths as of April 16: 16.1 per 100,000 — 6th highest (total: 1,108)
> Tests as of April 16: 19.1 per 1,000 — 4th highest (total: 132,023)
> Days between first case (2/1/2020) and statewide stay-at-home effective date (3/24/2020): 52
> Population: 6,902,149

Both the stay-at-home order and an order for nonessential businesses and organizations with in-person operations to remain closed have been extended until May 4. Gatherings of more than 10 people are prohibited. Medical marijuana shops are still open, but recreational marijuana shops are closed.

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Michigan
> Confirmed COVID-19 cases as of April 16: 280.7 per 100,000 — 7th highest (total: 28,059)
> COVID-19 related deaths as of April 16: 19.2 per 100,000 — 5th highest (total: 1,921)
> Tests as of April 16: Not available to public
> Days between first case (3/10/2020) and statewide stay-at-home effective date (3/24/2020): 14
> Population: 9,995,915

Residents can be criminally penalized for breaking social distancing rules. Schools are closed, and large assemblages and events are banned. Travel is restricted, and in-person work that is not necessary to sustain or protect life is prohibited. The stay-at-home order has been extended and is in effect at least until April 30. All public and private gatherings of any size outside of a family home are banned.

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Minnesota
> Confirmed COVID-19 cases as of April 16: 32.2 per 100,000 — the lowest (total: 1,809)
> COVID-19 related deaths as of April 16: 1.6 per 100,000 — 14th lowest (total: 87)
> Tests as of April 16: 7.2 per 1,000 — 17th lowest (total: 40,242)
> Days between first case (3/6/2020) and statewide stay-at-home effective date (3/27/2020): 21
> Population: 5,611,179

A stay-at-home order was extended until May 4. People can still leave their homes to pick up essential items such as groceries or food, prescriptions, and gas; to relocate for safety reasons; or go to work if their job is deemed essential. Stores providing essential supplies, such as grocery stores, are open. Schools are closed until May 4. Outdoor activities, such as walking, hiking, running, biking, hunting, or fishing are allowed but people must maintain distancing rules.

Mississippi
> Confirmed COVID-19 cases as of April 16: 112.5 per 100,000 — 18th highest (total: 3,360)
> COVID-19 related deaths as of April 16: 4.1 per 100,000 — 18th highest (total: 122)
> Tests as of April 16: 12.6 per 1,000 — 13th highest (total: 37,733)
> Days between first case (3/11/2020) and statewide stay-at-home effective date (4/3/2020): 23
> Population: 2,986,530

A shelter-in-place order is in effect until April 20. If people go out for essential activities, they have to stay 6 feet away from each other and cannot gather in groups of more than 10 people. Evictions are suspended. All nonessential businesses are closed. All places of amusement and recreation are closed.

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Missouri
> Confirmed COVID-19 cases as of April 16: 79.9 per 100,000 — 25th lowest (total: 4,895)
> COVID-19 related deaths as of April 16: 2.4 per 100,000 — 25th lowest (total: 147)
> Tests as of April 16: 8.2 per 1,000 — 25th highest (total: 50,432)
> Days between first case (3/7/2020) and statewide stay-at-home effective date (4/6/2020): 30
> Population: 6,126,452

A stay-at-home order is in effect until April 24. People can still access essential services, such as grocery stores, gas stations, and banks, or engage in outdoor recreation, but they have to stay at least 6 feet away from one another. All state office buildings are closed to the public; however, essential state functions continue to operate. Takeout food orders are still allowed, and playgrounds are also open.

Montana
> Confirmed COVID-19 cases as of April 16: 38.0 per 100,000 — 3rd lowest (total: 404)
> COVID-19 related deaths as of April 16: 0.7 per 100,000 — 4th lowest (total: 07)
> Tests as of April 16: 9.0 per 1,000 — 23rd highest (total: 9,583)
> Days between first case (3/13/2020) and statewide stay-at-home effective date (3/28/2020): 15
> Population: 1,062,305

Schools are closed, visitations to nursing homes are banned, and a shelter-in-place order is in effect at least until April 24. Essential businesses are allowed to operate and must comply with social distancing requirements, but all other businesses are closed. Public parks and public lands remain open. Banks, gas stations, laundromats and veterinary services are also open.

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Nebraska
> Confirmed COVID-19 cases as of April 16: 49.3 per 100,000 — 10th lowest (total: 952)
> COVID-19 related deaths as of April 16: 1.1 per 100,000 — 7th lowest (total: 21)
> Tests as of April 16: 6.4 per 1,000 — 12th lowest (total: 12,324)
> Days between first case (2/17/2020) and statewide stay-at-home effective date: No statewide stay-at-home orders as of April 16
> Population: 1,929,268

Statewide social distancing restrictions are in effect through April 30. Schools are closed and gatherings of more than 10 people are prohibited. Child care centers are open but they have to follow the 10-person guidance. Restaurants and bars must limit to 10 people, but they are strongly encouraged to move to drive-thru / takeout only through the end of April.

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Nevada
> Confirmed COVID-19 cases as of April 15: 105.8 per 100,000 — 19th highest (total: 3,211)
> COVID-19 related deaths as of April 15: 4.3 per 100,000 — 17th highest (total: 131)
> Tests as of April 16: 8.1 per 1,000 — 24th lowest (total: 24,444)
> Days between first case (3/5/2020) and statewide stay-at-home effective date (4/1/2020): 27
> Population: 3,034,392

The stay-at-home directive, which also institutes closure of nonessential businesses, gaming and schools, is in effect through April 30. Nevadans must not leave their homes for nonessential activities. Nonessential businesses are closed, and bans on public gatherings of 10 or more people are in effect. Outdoor exercise is allowed as long as people maintain 6-foot physical distancing.

New Hampshire
> Confirmed COVID-19 cases as of April 16: 84.0 per 100,000 — 23rd highest (total: 1,139)
> COVID-19 related deaths as of April 16: 2.4 per 100,000 — 24th lowest (total: 32)
> Tests as of April 16: 8.1 per 1,000 — 25th lowest (total: 11,027)
> Days between first case (3/2/2020) and statewide stay-at-home effective date (3/27/2020): 25
> Population: 1,356,458

Until May 4, residents must stay at home or in their place of residence except for essential needs but only provided that social distancing protocols are observed. All schools are closed. There is a temporary prohibition on scheduled gatherings of 10 or more attendees. All state beaches along the Seacoast are closed.

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New Jersey
> Confirmed COVID-19 cases as of April 16: 797.3 per 100,000 — 2nd highest (total: 71,030)
> COVID-19 related deaths as of April 16: 35.4 per 100,000 — 2nd highest (total: 3,156)
> Tests as of April 16: 14.8 per 1,000 — 10th highest (total: 131,976)
> Days between first case (3/4/2020) and statewide stay-at-home effective date (3/21/2020): 17
> Population: 8,908,520

Schools and nonessential businesses, including casinos, are closed. A stay-at-home order is in effect until further notice. Child care centers are closed except for the children of essential workers. Restaurants and bars are closed except for takeout or delivery. Grocery stores, medical marijuana dispensaries, gas stations, and convenience stores are among the retail businesses that can stay open. State and county parks are closed.

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New Mexico
> Confirmed COVID-19 cases as of April 16: 70.8 per 100,000 — 22nd lowest (total: 1,484)
> COVID-19 related deaths as of April 16: 1.7 per 100,000 — 16th lowest (total: 36)
> Tests as of April 16: 15.9 per 1,000 — 7th highest (total: 33,394)
> Days between first case (3/11/2020) and statewide stay-at-home effective date (3/24/2020): 13
> Population: 2,095,428

A stay-at-home order is in effect through April 30. Getting outdoors is allowed if social distancing rules are followed. State parks will be closed at least until April 30. People traveling to the state must self-isolate. Schools are closed through the remainder of the school year.

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New York
> Confirmed COVID-19 cases as of April 16: 1093.9 per 100,000 — the highest (total: 213,779)
> COVID-19 related deaths as of April 16: 59.3 per 100,000 — the highest (total: 11,586)
> Tests as of April 16: 26.9 per 1,000 — the highest (total: 526,012)
> Days between first case (3/1/2020) and statewide stay-at-home effective date (3/22/2020): 21
> Population: 19,542,209

Maximum fines for breaking social distancing measures were raised to $1,000. Residents must stay at home, expect to get essential services, and even then they must stay at least 6 feet apart. All nonessential businesses are closed. Schools are closed at least until May 15. Restaurants can only serve food or beverage for off-premises consumption until further notice.

North Carolina
> Confirmed COVID-19 cases as of April 16: 49.3 per 100,000 — 9th lowest (total: 5,123)
> COVID-19 related deaths as of April 16: 1.1 per 100,000 — 8th lowest (total: 117)
> Tests as of April 16: 6.5 per 1,000 — 14th lowest (total: 67,827)
> Days between first case (3/3/2020) and statewide stay-at-home effective date (3/303/2020): 27
> Population: 10,383,620

A statewide stay-at-home order in effect until at least April 29. The order also prevents gatherings of more than 10 people. A ban on dine-in service at restaurants and bars continues until April 24. Public schools are closed through May 15.

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North Dakota
> Confirmed COVID-19 cases as of April 16: 48.0 per 100,000 — 7th lowest (total: 365)
> COVID-19 related deaths as of April 16: 1.2 per 100,000 — 10th lowest (total: 09)
> Tests as of April 16: 14.9 per 1,000 — 9th highest (total: 11,317)
> Days between first case (3/11/2020) and statewide stay-at-home effective date: No statewide stay-at-home order as of April 16
> Population: 760,077

There was no statewide stay-at-home order as of April 16. Visitations to long-term care facilities are suspended. No physical polling is allowed; mail ballots allowed only. Only delivery and takeout services allowed until April 30. Nonessential businesses are closed. Access to state facilities is by appointment only.

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Ohio
> Confirmed COVID-19 cases as of April 16: 66.6 per 100,000 — 20th lowest (total: 7,791)
> COVID-19 related deaths as of April 16: 3.1 per 100,000 — 21st highest (total: 361)
> Tests as of April 16: Not available to public
> Days between first case (3/9/2020) and statewide stay-at-home effective date (3/23/2020): 14
> Population: 11,689,442

Everyone living in Ohio, with few exceptions, is ordered to stay at home at least until May 1. When outside, people must maintain a distance of at least 6 feet. People can leave their homes only for essential activities or if they are part of an essential business. Nonessential businesses and operations are closed. Gatherings of more than 10 people are banned. Only essential travel is allowed. Playgrounds are closed, but parks are open. Child day care centers are open but are required to obtain and operate under a temporary pandemic license, with a maximum of six children allowed per room.

Oklahoma
> Confirmed COVID-19 cases as of April 15: 57.4 per 100,000 — 16th lowest (total: 2,263)
> COVID-19 related deaths as of April 15: 3.1 per 100,000 — 20th highest (total: 123)
> Tests as of April 16: 7.4 per 1,000 — 19th lowest (total: 29,098)
> Days between first case (3/6/2020) and statewide stay-at-home effective date: No statewide stay-at-home order as of April 16
> Population: 3,943,079

There is no statewide stay-at-home order, except for older people and those who have severe preexisting conditions. Tulsa, Oklahoma City, and Norman have issued stay-at-home orders. Residents of these cities can go out for essential activities, like going to the grocery store or pharmacy. Nonessential businesses like hair salons and gyms are closed through the entire month of April.

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Oregon
> Confirmed COVID-19 cases as of April 16: 39.7 per 100,000 — 4th lowest (total: 1,663)
> COVID-19 related deaths as of April 16: 1.4 per 100,000 — 13th lowest (total: 58)
> Tests as of April 16: 8.0 per 1,000 — 23rd lowest (total: 33,351)
> Days between first case (2/28/2020) and statewide stay-at-home effective date (3/23/2020): 24
> Population: 4,190,713

A stay-at-home order is in effect until further notice. Gatherings of more than 25 people are banned. On-site consumption of food and drinks is banned through April 28. Colleges are closed though April 28. Nonessential social and recreational gatherings are allowed if people keep a distance of at least 6 feet. People violating the order are subject to penalties. All pools, skate parks, outdoor courts, and playgrounds are closed.

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Pennsylvania
> Confirmed COVID-19 cases as of April 16: 206.8 per 100,000 — 9th highest (total: 26,490)
> COVID-19 related deaths as of April 16: 5.1 per 100,000 — 14th highest (total: 647)
> Tests as of April 16: 10.7 per 1,000 — 18th highest (total: 137,584)
> Days between first case (3/6/2020) and statewide stay-at-home effective date (4/1/2020): 26
> Population: 12,807,060

A stay-at-home order in effect until April 30. Trout fishing season, however, is open as long as people follow social distancing guidelines. Only life-sustaining businesses may remain open. Outdoor exercise is allowed as long as people maintain a 6-foot distance from one another.

Rhode Island
> Confirmed COVID-19 cases as of April 14: 307.5 per 100,000 — 6th highest (total: 3,251)
> COVID-19 related deaths as of April 14: 7.6 per 100,000 — 7th highest (total: 80)
> Tests as of April 16: 22.6 per 1,000 — 3rd highest (total: 23,926)
> Days between first case (3/1/2020) and statewide stay-at-home effective date (3/28/2020): 27
> Population: 1,057,315

The stay-at-home order was extended until May 8. Quarantine restrictions are in place on people returning to Rhode Island from other states by land or air. All Rhode Island residents are required to stay at home unless traveling to work, for medical treatment, or to obtain necessities. Gatherings of more than five people are banned. All non-critical retail businesses are closed.

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South Carolina
> Confirmed COVID-19 cases as of April 16: 71.9 per 100,000 — 23rd lowest (total: 3,656)
> COVID-19 related deaths as of April 16: 2.1 per 100,000 — 20th lowest (total: 107)
> Tests as of April 16: 6.8 per 1,000 — 15th lowest (total: 34,733)
> Days between first case (3/6/2020) and statewide stay-at-home effective date (4/7/2020): 33
> Population: 5,084,127

A stay-at-home order will remain as long as the state is under a state of emergency. People can leave for obtaining necessary supplies and services, attending religious services, or for exercising. All public transportation drivers are to keep a distance of 6 feet from any passenger. Anyone out and not performing essential duties is subject to a misdemeanor criminal charge, punishable by up to 30 days in jail.

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South Dakota
> Confirmed COVID-19 cases as of April 16: 132.4 per 100,000 — 16th highest (total: 1,168)
> COVID-19 related deaths as of April 16: 0.7 per 100,000 — 6th lowest (total: 6)
> Tests as of April 16: 11.2 per 1,000 — 16th highest (total: 9,859)
> Days between first case (3/10/2020) and statewide stay-at-home effective date: No stay-at-home order has been issued as of April 16
> Population: 882,235

There is no official stay-at-home order. People are encouraged to stay at home and not gather in groups of 10 or more. Any enclosed businesses should offer alternative services to comply with CDC guidance. When outside, people must keep at least 6 feet apart. All businesses are encouraged to suspend daily business in the interest of public safety.

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Tennessee
> Confirmed COVID-19 cases as of April 16: 89.8 per 100,000 — 21st highest (total: 6,079)
> COVID-19 related deaths as of April 16: 2.0 per 100,000 — 19th lowest (total: 135)
> Tests as of April 16: 11.9 per 1,000 — 14th highest (total: 80,896)
> Days between first case (3/5/2020) and statewide stay-at-home effective date (3/31/2020): 26
> Population: 6,770,010

Residents are required to stay at home unless they are carrying out essential activities. The order was extended until April 30. Outdoor activity is allowed if people follow Health Guidelines. Tennessee’s turkey hunting season proceeds as scheduled, and public lands controlled by the TWRA remain open. Lakes and rivers remain open to anglers and recreational boaters.

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Texas
> Confirmed COVID-19 cases as of April 16: 54.0 per 100,000 — 14th lowest (total: 15,492)
> COVID-19 related deaths as of April 16: 1.3 per 100,000 — 12th lowest (total: 364)
> Tests as of April 16: 5.3 per 1,000 — 8th lowest (total: 151,810)
> Days between first case (2/12/2020) and statewide stay-at-home effective date (4/2/2020): 50
> Population: 28,701,845

A stay-at-home order is in effect until April 30 with exceptions for essential activities like going to the grocery store, pharmacy or bank, and for working at a business that provides an essential service. Hunting, fishing, or exercising outside are still permitted as long as social distancing measures are taken. Restaurants may be open for takeout, delivery, or drive-through.

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Utah
> Confirmed COVID-19 cases as of April 16: 80.4 per 100,000 — 25th highest (total: 2,542)
> COVID-19 related deaths as of April 16: 0.6 per 100,000 — 2nd lowest (total: 20)
> Tests as of April 16: 15.1 per 1,000 — 8th highest (total: 47,614)
> Days between first case (2/25/2020) and statewide stay-at-home effective date: No statewide stay-at-home order as of April 16
> Population: 3,161,105

While there is no statewide order, several counties, including Salt Lake County, have instituted stay-at-home orders. No dine-in options at food service establishments are allowed until April 15. Diners and eateries can now allow customers to pick up orders inside — as long as they stay 6 feet away from each other. Some counties’ individual health orders remain more restrictive than the state’s.

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Vermont
> Confirmed COVID-19 cases as of April 16: 121.2 per 100,000 — 17th highest (total: 759)
> COVID-19 related deaths as of April 16: 4.8 per 100,000 — 15th highest (total: 30)
> Tests as of April 16: 18.4 per 1,000 — 5th highest (total: 11,507)
> Days between first case (3/7/2020) and statewide stay-at-home effective date (3/24/2020): 17
> Population: 626,299

A stay-at-home order in effect until at least May 15. Residents can only leave their homes for essential reasons such as personal safety, getting groceries or medicine, curbside pick-up of goods, and a few others. Everyone has to work remotely when possible. Businesses and not-for-profit entities have suspended in-person operations. Hardware stores, grocery stores, and pharmacies remain open.

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Virginia
> Confirmed COVID-19 cases as of April 16: 76.3 per 100,000 — 24th lowest (total: 6,500)
> COVID-19 related deaths as of April 16: 2.3 per 100,000 — 23rd lowest (total: 195)
> Tests as of April 16: 5.2 per 1,000 — 7th lowest (total: 44,169)
> Days between first case (3/7/2020) and statewide stay-at-home effective date (3/30/2020): 23
> Population: 8,517,685

A stay-at-home order is in effect until June 10. It is unlawful to gather in groups of 10 or more people. Those violating social distancing rules can be charged with a misdemeanor, which carries the possibility of jail time up to 12 months and a fine of up to $2,500. Some brick-and-mortar retail businesses may continue to operate. Beaches are closed statewide except for fishing and exercise.

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Washington
> Confirmed COVID-19 cases as of April 16: 143.1 per 100,000 — 14th highest (total: 10,783)
> COVID-19 related deaths as of April 16: 7.5 per 100,000 — 8th highest (total: 567)
> Tests as of April 16: 16.5 per 1,000 — 6th highest (total: 124,283)
> Days between first case (1/21/2020) and statewide stay-at-home effective date (3/23/2020): 62
> Population: 7,535,591

A stay-at-home order in effect until May 4. All gatherings for social, spiritual, and recreational purposes are banned. Only essential businesses are allowed to remain open. People can still go on bike rides, garden, and walk the dogs as long as they follow social distancing rules. Sports courts and playgrounds are closed. All K-12 schools are closed through the end of the year.

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West Virginia
> Confirmed COVID-19 cases as of April 16: 39.8 per 100,000 — 6th lowest (total: 718)
> COVID-19 related deaths as of April 16: 0.7 per 100,000 — 5th lowest (total: 12)
> Tests as of April 16: 9.9 per 1,000 — 20th highest (total: 17,821)
> Days between first case (3/17/2020) and statewide stay-at-home effective date (3/24/2020): 7
> Population: 1,805,832

A stay-at-home order is in effect until further notice. Out-of-state citizens must self-quarantine for 14 days. State park campgrounds are closed. If people fail to comply, they may be fined up to $500 or imprisoned for up to a year. People can leave their homes but only for essential activities such as going to the grocery store, checking on relatives, picking up a prescription, or receiving nonelective medical care.

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Wisconsin
> Confirmed COVID-19 cases as of April 16: 64.0 per 100,000 — 19th lowest (total: 3,721)
> COVID-19 related deaths as of April 16: 3.1 per 100,000 — 19th highest (total: 182)
> Tests as of April 16: 7.4 per 1,000 — 21st lowest (total: 43,047)
> Days between first case (2/5/2020) and statewide stay-at-home effective date (3/25/2020): 49
> Population: 5,813,568

A stay-at-home order is in effect Wisconsin until April 24. When outside, people must at all times maintain social distancing of at least 6 feet from any other person. Public gatherings are banned, and schools and nonessential businesses are closed. All but essential travel is prohibited. Violation or obstruction of the order is punishable by up to 30 days imprisonment, or up to $250 fine, or both.

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Wyoming
> Confirmed COVID-19 cases as of April 15: 48.8 per 100,000 — 8th lowest (total: 282)
> COVID-19 related deaths as of April 15: 0.2 per 100,000 — the lowest (total: 01)
> Tests as of April 16: 5.5 per 1,000 — 9th lowest (total: 3,169)
> Days between first case (3/11/2020) and statewide stay-at-home effective date: No statewide stay-at-home order as of April 16.
> Population: 577,737

All places of public accommodation are closed. Child care centers are closed as well except for the children of essential workers. Drive-thru, delivery, and pickup only services are allowed. Schools, colleges, and trade schools are closed at least until May 1. Anyone returning to Wyoming from any other state or country must self-quarantine for 14 days.

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