Special Report

How COVID-19 Has Disproportionately Affected Minority Communities In Every State

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26. Montana
> Community w/ highest death-to-pop. ratio: American Indian and Alaska Native (6.2% of pop.)
> AIAN share of COVID-19 infections: 14.9%
> AIAN share of COVID-19 deaths: 36.4%
> County with most COVID-19 deaths: Toole County (121 per 100,000 county residents)
> Toole County population: White (87.6%); Black (0.2%); AIAN (4.1%); Asian (2.5%); NHPI (0.0%); Hispanic (3.7%)

Native Americans account for 6.2% of Montana’s population, a larger share than in most states, and many of the parts of the state hit hardest by COVID-19 have especially large Native American populations. In Big Horn County, for example, where 64.8% of residents identify as American Indian, there have been 37 COVID-19 deaths for every 100,000 people, more than 12 times the death rate statewide of 3 per 100,000. Big Horn also has the highest total number of cases per capita of any county in the state, at 890 per 100,000 people.

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27. Nebraska
> Community w/ highest death-to-pop. ratio: Asian (2.3% of pop.)
> Asian share of COVID-19 infections: 8.1%
> Asian share of COVID-19 deaths: 6.4%
> County with most COVID-19 deaths: Dakota County (177 per 100,000 county residents)
> Dakota County population: White (49.0%); Black (4.4%); AIAN (2.5%); Asian (3.2%); NHPI (0.0%); Hispanic (38.5%)

Dakota County, located in the Sioux City metro area, has the highest number of COVID-19 deaths per capita of any county in Nebraska. There have been 177 deaths for every 100,000 people in Dakota County, compared to 15 deaths per 100,000 people statewide. As is often the case in counties with especially high fatality rates, Dakota County is home to a large racial minority community. Of the county’s more than 20,000 residents, 38.5% identify as Hispanic or Latino, more than triple the 10.7% share among Nebraska residents.

On the state level, the Asian community bears the largest burden of COVID-19 deaths of any race in Nebraska. While Asian Americans constitute 2.3% of Nebraska’s population, they account for 6.4% of all deaths — the highest ratio of any racial identity in the state with available data.

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28. Nevada
> Community w/ highest death-to-pop. ratio: Asian (7.9% of pop.)
> Asian share of COVID-19 infections: 8.9%
> Asian share of COVID-19 deaths: 15.9%
> County with most COVID-19 deaths: Humboldt County (24 per 100,000 county residents)
> Humboldt County population: White (64.9%); Black (0.4%); AIAN (5.2%); Asian (0.5%); NHPI (0.0%); Hispanic (26.7%)

Nevada, where 8.6% of the population is Black, has one of the smaller disparities for how the Black community is being affected by COVID-19. Still, a disproportionately high share of Black residents tested positive or died of COVID-19. As of July 13, Black residents accounted for 9.6% of known coronavirus cases and 13.3% of the deaths.

COVID-19 has affected the Asian community even more disproportionately. The community makes up 7.9% of Nevada’s population but accounts for 15.9% of deaths — the highest death-to-population ratio of any racial identity in the state with available data.

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29. New Hampshire
> Community w/ highest death-to-pop. ratio: Black or African American (1.3% of pop.)
> Black share of COVID-19 infections: 6.5%
> Black share of COVID-19 deaths: 2.2%
> County with most COVID-19 deaths: Hillsborough County (63 per 100,000 county residents)
> Hillsborough County population: White (84.9%); Black (2.3%); AIAN (0.1%); Asian (4.0%); NHPI (0.0%); Hispanic (6.5%)

New Hampshire is one of the least diverse states in the country. About nine in every 10 residents identify as white, compared to about six in every 10 Americans. The county with the highest concentration of COVID-19 deaths is also the most diverse county in the state. There have been 63 coronavirus related deaths for every 100,000 people in Hillsborough County, compared to 29 deaths per 100,000 people across New Hampshire. Meanwhile, only about 85% of Hillsborough residents identify as white, while 2.3% of county residents are Black and 6.5% are Hispanic and Latino.

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30. New Jersey
> Community w/ highest death-to-pop. ratio: Black or African American (12.7% of pop.)
> Black share of COVID-19 infections: 19.3%
> Black share of COVID-19 deaths: 18.7%
> County with most COVID-19 deaths: Essex County (262 per 100,000 county residents)
> Essex County population: White (30.8%); Black (38.6%); AIAN (0.2%); Asian (5.2%); NHPI (0.0%); Hispanic (22.7%)

New Jersey, the most densely populated state in the nation, is second only to New York in total number of COVID-19 deaths, with 15,560 through July 13. Although the state has a population that is 12.7% Black, the coronavirus has affected the Black community disproportionately. Black residents account for 19.3% of known COVID-19 infections and 18.7% of the deaths.

Latino residents make up 19.9% of the state’s population but account for 34.5% of COVID-19 infections and 20.5% of the deaths.

The pandemic has spread fairly consistently across New Jersey’s 21 counties. The six counties closest to New York City — Essex, Passaic, Union, Hudson, Bergen and Middlesex — each has more than 16,000 infections. Only two counties — Salem and Cape May — have fewer than 1,000 cases.