Special Report

Newest Dog Breeds You've Probably Never Heard Of

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6. Entlebucher mountain dog
> Year recognized: 2011
> Temperament: Loyal, smart, enthusiastic
> Life expectancy: 11-13 year
> Group: Herding

Originating in Switzerland, the Entlebucher was used to herd cattle in the Alps. It is small, muscular, athletic, and agile. The Entlebucher has a beautiful coat — black with symmetrical white and tan markings — that requires minimum upkeep.

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7. Finnish lapphund
> Year recognized: 2011
> Temperament: Friendly, alert, agile
> Life expectancy: 12-15 years
> Group: Herding

The Finnish lapphund is an ancient breed that was used by indigenous people to herd reindeer. It has a tendency to bark, which makes it a good watchdog but also means it requires careful training. The lapphund is used as a therapy dog and in search and rescue.

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8. Norwegian lundehund
> Year recognized: 2011
> Temperament: Loyal, energetic, alert
> Life expectancy: 12-15 years
> Group: Non-sporting

Also known as the Norwegian puffin dog, this breed was originally used to retrieve birds from steep cliffs on remote islands. It not only has extraordinary climbing abilities, but also some unique physical characteristics, including at least six toes on each foot and a remarkably flexible neck that enables it to turn around in narrow caves.

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9. Xoloitzcuintli
> Year recognized: 2011
> Temperament: Loyal, alert, calm
> Life expectancy: 13-18 years
> Group: Non-sporting

The Xoloitzcuintli was named after an Aztec god — the Aztecs revered the breed and believed it to have healing powers. One of the world’s most ancient breeds, it was actually registered with the AKC from 1887 to 1959 as the Mexican hairless dog, but was dropped because of insufficient numbers being bred and registered. The Xoloitzcuintl was subsequently revived and officially recognized in 2011.

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10. Russell terrier
> Year recognized: 2012
> Temperament: Alert, inquisitive, lively
> Life expectancy: 12-14 years
> Group: Terrier

The Russell terrier breed originated in England and was developed in Australia. It is a strong working dog and requires lots of exercise. It is also very intelligent and good at tricks. The Russell terrier has a weatherproof coat that can be smooth, broken, or rough.