Special Report

Once-Male Dominated Jobs Now Mostly Held by Women

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4. Postal service clerks
> Increase in female workers, 2010-2020: +16.8 percentage points
> Pct. of workers who are female, 2020: 62.1% (56,511 total female workers)
> Median annual earnings, 2020, all postal service clerks: $52,520

Postal service clerk is one of just three jobs considered in which female workers went from less than half of the workforce in 2010 to over 60% of it in 2020. Women now account for 62.1% of the 91,000 postal service clerks in the U.S. These workers receive letters and parcels, sell postage, fill out and sell money orders, sort and examine mail, and more.

Like many other jobs on this list, the number of postal service clerks has been in decline for years, and it is projected to keep shrinking. From 2010 to 2020, the number of male postal service declined by nearly half, while the total number of female postal workers increased slightly. As people increasingly use email and other forms of online communication, the number of clerks is projected to continue declining, with the occupation losing 14% of its total workforce by 2029, according to the BLS.

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3. Judges, magistrates, and other judicial workers
> Increase in female workers, 2010-2020: +17.5 percentage points
> Pct. of workers who are female, 2020: 53.9% (42,042 total female workers)
> Median annual earnings, 2020, all judges, magistrates, and other judicial workers: $96,512

Most judicial workers — including judges, magistrates, hearing officers, arbitrators, mediators, and more — are now women, accounting for 53.9% of the 78,000 workers in this field. From 2010 to 2020, the number of male judicial workers fell by over 20%, while the number of female judicial workers increased by 62.7%.

Judicial work ranks as the fourth highest-paying career with a majority-female workforce. The median judicial worker earns over $96,500, nearly double the $51,168 median earnings across all jobs. Judicial work typically requires a law degree, and as of 2016 women surpassed men in law school enrollment.

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2. Other healthcare practitioners and technical occupations
> Increase in female workers, 2010-2020: +19.7 percentage points
> Pct. of workers who are female, 2020: 62.8% (62,800 total female workers)
> Median annual earnings, 2020, all other healthcare practitioners and technical occupations: $65,208

The career field of other health care practitioners and technical occupations includes health information technologists, medical registrars, athletic trainers, genetic counselors, surgical assistants, and more. The share of women holding jobs in this field has increased by nearly 20 percentage points in the last decade — from 43.1% in 2010 to 62.8% in 2020.

The number of the total health care practitioners and technical occupations workers has increased significantly — up to 100,000 in 2020 from 70,000 in 2010. The number of male workers declined by 6.6% during that decade to 37,200, while the number of female workers more than doubled, from 30,170 to 62,800.

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1. Administrative services managers
> Increase in female workers, 2010-2020: +37.3 percentage points
> Pct. of workers who are female, 2020: 71.7% (46,605 total female workers)
> Median annual earnings, 2020, all administrative services managers: $66,768

Administrative services managers help organizations run more efficiently, directing activities like record keeping, mail distribution, and office upkeep. In 2010, less than 35% of administrative services managers were women. By 2020, the share of these workers who were female more than doubled to 71.7%. This 37.3 percentage point increase is the largest of any job that changed from majority male in 2010 to majority female by 2020.

Administrative services management is one of just a handful of occupations in which female employment increased sharply while male employment declined dramatically. From 2010 to 2020, the number of male workers in this field declined by 73%, from 68,224 to 18,395. At the same time the number of female workers in this job increased from 35,776 to 46,605, an increase of more than 30%. Administrative services managers are generally expected to have a bachelor’s degree, and women have earned more bachelor’s degrees than men each year since 1982.

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