Special Report

Once-Male Dominated Jobs Now Mostly Held by Women

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14. Insurance sales agents
> Increase in female workers, 2010-2020: +0.7 percentage points
> Pct. of workers who are female, 2020: 50.1% (321,141 total female workers)
> Median annual earnings, 2020, all insurance sales agents: $48,412

The composition of insurance sales agents by gender changed only slightly in the past decade. Still, the majority shifted from men to women in the past decade. In 2010, there were just under 260,000 male insurance sales agents and more than 253,400 female agents, a 50.6% to 49.4% split. A decade later, just over 321,000 women were selling life, property, health, automotive, and other types of insurance, compared to just under 320,000 men, or 50.1% and 49.9% of the occupation’s labor force, respectively.

Though the median weekly wages for women insurance sales agents has increased faster than the wages of their male counterparts in the past five years, a significant wage gap persists. Male insurance sales agents had median annual earnings equivalent to $60,788 in 2020, while the median for female agents was less than $43,000 that same year.

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13. Postsecondary teachers
> Increase in female workers, 2010-2020: +5.2 percentage points
> Pct. of workers who are female, 2020: 51.1% (590,716 total female workers)
> Median annual earnings, 2020, all postsecondary teachers: $78,832

Postsecondary teachers, often known as professors, educate students beyond the high school level, including in colleges, universities, professional schools, or community colleges. Women now account for over 51% of professors, an increase of 5.2 percentage points since 2010.

The share of female professors has steadily increased as more and more women have met the main requirement to become a professor, which is typically earning a Ph.D. More women have earned doctorate degrees than men each year since 2006. The median annual income for female postsecondary teachers is $71,968, or 84.8% of the typical income for a male professor. This figure is just slightly lower than the 82.3% gender wage gap for all workers.

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12. Advertising sales agents
> Increase in female workers, 2010-2020: +6.2 percentage points
> Pct. of workers who are female, 2020: 53.8% (75,858 total female workers)
> Median annual earnings, 2020, all advertising sales agents: $55,432

Advertising sales agents reach out to businesses and individuals to get them to buy ad space on radio and TV programs as well as websites. Women accounted for 47.6% of all ad sales agents in 2010. By 2020, that share increased to 53.8%, a 6.2 percentage point increase. In the case of ad sales agents, the increase in the share of women is not because the female workforce in this occupation is growing, but because it is not contracting as quickly as the male workforce over the past decade.

The number of male ad sales agents declined by nearly 42% from 2010 to 2020, down to 65,142. The number of female ad sales agents fell 25.5% to 75,858 in that same time frame. Overall, the total number of ad sales agents declined by over a third, from 214,000 in 2010 to 141,000 in 2020.

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11. Artists and related workers
> Increase in female workers, 2010-2020: +6.4 percentage points
> Pct. of workers who are female, 2020: 53.5% (136,960 total female workers)
> Median annual earnings, 2020, all artists and related workers: $58,032

The artists and related workers category includes people working as fine artists, art directors, craft artists, special effects artists, animators and more. It is one of the fastest growing occupations, with the total workforce increasing by more than 31% from 2010 to 2020.

The number of female artists and related workers increased by more than 49% in recent years, from about 92,000 in 2010 to roughly 137,000 in 2020. The number of male artists increased by 15.4% over that decade, from 103,000 to 119,000. As a result, the share of female workers in the occupation rose from about 47.2% to 53.5%, a 6.4 percentage point increase.

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10. News analysts, reporters and correspondents
> Increase in female workers, 2010-2020: +7.1 percentage points
> Pct. of workers who are female, 2020: 54.0% (41,580 total female workers)
> Median annual earnings, 2020, all news analysts, reporters and correspondents: $54,288

In 2010, there were over 43,000 male news analysts, reporters, and correspondents, compared to just under 38,000 female workers in the same occupation. Over the next 10 years, the number of male journalists declined by 17.6% to 35,420. The number of female journalists increased by 9.5% to nearly 41,600.

Overall, the number of news analyst, reporter and correspondent jobs is in decline — a trend that is predicted to continue in the coming years. Media organizations are moving more towards online content and away from broadcasts over TV and radio in order to meet demand and keep costs down. From 2019 to 2029, the number of news analysts, reporters, and correspondents is projected to shrink by 11%

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