10. Claims adjusters, appraisers, examiners, and investigators
> Women’s earnings as pct. of men’s: 69.3%
> Women median weekly earnings: $803
> Men median weekly earnings: $1,158
> Number of workers: 307,000
Claims adjusters and related occupations evaluate and review claims, estimate values of insured assets, and investigate claims to ensure they are not fraudulent. Workers often have irregular schedules, as they must be available to help clients at different times of the day. As of 2012, Women held nearly two thirds of the jobs in these professions. However, men who worked at these jobs had a far higher median weekly pay of $1,158, compared to just over $800 for women.
9. Inspectors, testers, sorters, samplers and weighers
> Women’s earnings as pct. of men’s: 69.2%
> Women median weekly earnings: $570
> Men median weekly earnings: $824
> Number of workers: 621,000
Those employed as quality control inspectors screen non-agricultural raw materials and manufactured — such as car parts, plastics, textiles, and glass — for defects to ensure producers’ standards and quality requirements are met. Frequently, this involves the operation of complex testing equipment as well as data analysis software. More than 400,000 men were employed in these positions in 2012, twice the number of women. Last year, the weekly earnings of women working in these occupations was $570, while it was more than $800 for men working in the same jobs.
8. Security, commodities, and financial services sales agents
> Women’s earnings as pct. of men’s: 69.1%
> Women median weekly earnings: $862
> Men median weekly earnings: $1,247
> Number of workers: 220,000
Financial services sales agents connect buyers and sellers of assets and financial instruments such as stocks, bonds, and commodities. This field spans a variety of occupations, from sales agents who sell credit cards and banking products to investment bankers who guide companies through the issuance of stocks or bonds. The hours for such jobs can be long, and working conditions can be stressful. As of 2012, women accounted for just under 30% of these jobs and had a median salary equal to just 69% that of men. Numerous groups, including the Financial Women’s Association, work to expand the role of women in these positions.
7. Marketing and sales managers
> Women’s earnings as pct. of men’s: 67.7%
> Women median weekly earnings: $1,110
> Men median weekly earnings: $1,640
> Number of workers: 916,000
Marketing managers are responsible for generating interest in a product, and sales managers are responsible for finding customers to whom the product can be sold. Depending on the job title and company, wages and responsibilities can vary considerably. Sales managers, for example, are more likely to be directly involved with customers and service. Marketing managers may be required to determine demand for products, monitor trends, or develop pricing strategies. The number of women versus men working in marketing was more balanced than many other occupations. The typical man working in this job, however, earned about $500, or 48%, more a week than the typical woman working the same job.
6. Physicians and surgeons
> Women’s earnings as pct. of men’s: 67.6%
> Women median weekly earnings: $1,418
> Men median weekly earnings: $2,099
> Number of workers: 655,000
Wages for these medical professions are among the highest for all occupations. Most male physicians and surgeons working full-time earned more than $2,000 per week last year, or over $600 more than the women in these occupations. Physicians must typically complete medical school, as well as a multiple year long residency, which qualifies physicians to diagnose and treat injuries and illnesses. The number of female doctors has grown considerably over the past decade, but the rate is stalling, according to a 2012 report by The Atlantic. Also, women are more likely than men to drop out of the workforce, suggesting that to achieve equal representation, graduating classes in these fields would have to be more than 50% female.