Special Report

Every State’s Rules for Staying at Home and Social Distancing

Hawaii
> Confirmed COVID-19 cases as of May 14: 45 per 100,000 — 2nd lowest (total: 638)
> COVID-19 related deaths as of May 14: 1 per 100,000 — the lowest (total: 17)
> Tests as of May 14: N/A
> Days between first case on 3/6/2020 and statewide stay-at-home effective date (3/25/2020): 19
> Population: 1,420,491

Stay-at-home, work-at-home orders are in effect until May 31. People must quarantine themselves for two weeks if traveling between islands or risk fines up to $5,000 and a year in prison. Only people seeking medical attention may leave their quarantine zones, the location residents have specified to be their quarantine zone on the mandatory State of Hawaii Department of Agriculture Plants and Animals Declaration Form. The state government will be taking a phased-in approach to reopening the economy. Schools are closed through the rest of the school year. Everyone over age 5 has to wear a mask outdoors.

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Idaho
> Confirmed COVID-19 cases as of May 14: 121 per 100,000 — 8th lowest (total: 2,126)
> COVID-19 related deaths as of May 14: 4 per 100,000 — 9th lowest (total: 69)
> Tests as of May 14: 1,913 per 100,000 — 13th lowest (total: 33,556)
> Days between first case on 3/13/2020 and statewide stay-at-home effective date (3/25/2020): 12
> Population: 1,754,208

The stay-at-home order expired on April 30. The first stage of the reopening plan started with places of worship and certain nonessential businesses being allowed to reopen if they adhere to strict social distancing. The 14-day self-quarantine for people entering Idaho continues through the month of May. People are encouraged to wear masks when in public and work from home whenever possible. Nonessential travel is now allowed. The second phase of reopening will start on May 16. Restaurants, indoor gyms, nail salons, and other close-contact businesses will be permitted to reopen then. People who enter Idaho from out of state must self-quarantine for 14 days.

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Illinois
> Confirmed COVID-19 cases as of May 14: 665 per 100,000 — 8th highest (total: 84,698)
> COVID-19 related deaths as of May 14: 30 per 100,000 — 9th highest (total: 3,792)
> Tests as of May 14: 3,841 per 100,000 — 12th highest (total: 489,359)
> Days between first case on 1/24/2020 and statewide stay-at-home effective date (3/21/2020): 57
> Population: 12,741,080

A shelter-in-place order is in effect at least through May 30. Some restrictions were loosened starting May 1, including resumption of elective surgeries, golfing, and allowing nurseries and garden centers to reopen. Retail stores can offer delivery or pickup services. State parks have started a phased reopening. Fishing and boating is now allowed, but in groups of no more than two people. Anyone over the age of 2 must wear a face covering when indoors at a public space or when outdoors at a public place where a 6-foot distance between people cannot be maintained.

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Indiana
> Confirmed COVID-19 cases as of May 14: 381 per 100,000 — 15th highest (total: 25,473)
> COVID-19 related deaths as of May 14: 22 per 100,000 — 12th highest (total: 1,482)
> Tests as of May 14: 2,303 per 100,000 — 23rd lowest (total: 154,083)
> Days between first case on 3/6/2020 and statewide stay-at-home effective date (3/24/2020): 18
> Population: 6,691,878

The stay-at-home order expired on May 4. All but three counties — Marion, Lake, and Cass — have been allowed to start reopening. Gatherings of up to 25 people are allowed. Malls and other nonessential retailers as well as restaurants can open at 50% capacity. Bars and gyms remain closed. Churches can begin holding services with no limits on the number of attendees. Retail stores, public libraries, and offices have opened. Some businesses, like dentists, greenhouses, nurseries, and pet groomers, are allowed to reopen with restrictions. Outside, people must maintain a 6-foot distance from others and are encouraged to wear face coverings.

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Iowa
> Confirmed COVID-19 cases as of May 14: 433 per 100,000 — 13th highest (total: 13,675)
> COVID-19 related deaths as of May 14: 10 per 100,000 — 23rd highest (total: 318)
> Tests as of May 14: 2,829 per 100,000 — 20th highest (total: 89,294)
> Days between first case on 3/8/2020 and statewide stay-at-home effective date: No order issued as of May 14
> Population: 3,156,145

The state never issued a statewide stay-at-home order, but instituted some restriction on nonessential businesses. Restrictions that were previously lifted in 77 of Iowa’s 99 counties are now lifted statewide. Restaurants, retail stores, and malls can reopen at 50% capacity. They have to allow or require the use of masks or face coverings. Dental services can resume, campgrounds can open, and fitness centers can open but to customers with appointments only. The ban on elective surgeries was lifted on April 27. People over 65 or who are at higher risk of more severe COVID-19 illness are encouraged to stay home. People who have been in contact for more than 30 minutes with a person who was confirmed to have COVID-19 should isolate for 14 days.

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