Special Report

Every State's Rules for Staying Open and Social Distancing

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South Dakota
> Cumulative COVID-19 cases as of July 15: 858 per 100,000 people — 25th biggest (total: 7,572)
> COVID-19-related deaths as of July 15: 12 per 100,000 people — 17th smallest (total: 109)
> Total tests administered as of July 15: 10,447 per 100,000 people — 22nd smallest (total: 92,164)
> Change in trailing 7-day avg. daily cases, June 7 – July 14: 5.7% — 13th smallest increase (from 7,163 to 7,572)
> Population: 882,235

The state never issued a statewide stay-at-home order, but it did institute some restrictions on gatherings and businesses. An order that required state residents to observe social distancing and CDC-recommended hygiene practices expired on May 31, but the state of emergency has been extended until Dec. 30.

Businesses are now allowed to reopen if the surrounding area has reported a downward trend in cases for two weeks. Employees can now be called back to the office, though administrative leave is allowed for those who cannot come in and cannot work remotely. For tourists, most attractions have reopened, including state and national parks as well as monuments and historic sites.

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Tennessee
> Cumulative COVID-19 cases as of July 15: 987 per 100,000 people — 19th biggest (total: 66,788)
> COVID-19-related deaths as of July 15: 11 per 100,000 people — 14th smallest (total: 767)
> Total tests administered as of July 15: 15,824 per 100,000 people — 10th biggest (total: 1,071,320)
> Change in trailing 7-day avg. daily cases, June 7 – July 14: 24.8% — 8th biggest increase (from 53,514 to 66,788)
> Population: 6,770,010

Groups of up to 50 people can gather outside in Tennessee for social and recreational purposes if they practice social distancing. Visitation at nursing homes and other long-term care facilities are allowed. Restaurants can offer in-person but limited-capacity dining. Noncontact sports, like baseball, golf, or tennis, also resumed.

Shelby County, which includes Memphis and is the largest county in the state, will remain in phase 2 of reopening due to a recent spike in daily new coronavirus cases. Though there is no statewide mandate, mayors in 89 of the state’s 95 counties now have the authority to issue face mask requirements. Due to a spike in COVID-19 cases in Tennessee, the state of emergency has been extended until the end of August, but bringing back restrictions on businesses and movement is not being considered, according to Gov. Bill Lee.

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Texas
> Cumulative COVID-19 cases as of July 15: 958 per 100,000 people — 22nd biggest (total: 275,058)
> COVID-19-related deaths as of July 15: 12 per 100,000 people — 15th smallest (total: 3,322)
> Total tests administered as of July 15: 9,054 per 100,000 people — 15th smallest (total: 2,598,680)
> Change in trailing 7-day avg. daily cases, June 7 – July 14: 30.6% — 5th biggest increase (from 210,585 to 275,058)
> Population: 28,701,845

Texas is in phase 3 of reopening. All air travel restrictions, including mandatory quarantines for out-of-state travelers, have been lifted. Zoos and water parks are allowed to reopen with limited capacity. Amusement parks and carnivals in counties with more than 1,000 confirmed positive cases can open at 50% capacity.

Plans for further reopening have been halted due to a recent increase in new COVID-19 cases and hospitalizations in the state. Just like before restrictions were lifted, elective surgeries are banned to preserve bed space for coronavirus patients. Restaurants can operate at no more than 50% of their indoor capacity, down from 75%. Bars are closed. Texans are required to wear face coverings when out in public in counties with a total of 20 or more cases. Mayors can impose stricter restrictions on outdoor gatherings of more than 10 people.

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Utah
> Cumulative COVID-19 cases as of July 15: 964 per 100,000 people — 21st biggest (total: 30,478)
> COVID-19-related deaths as of July 15: 07 per 100,000 people — 8th smallest (total: 226)
> Total tests administered as of July 15: 13,430 per 100,000 people — 17th biggest (total: 424,521)
> Change in trailing 7-day avg. daily cases, June 7 – July 14: 17.9% — 21st biggest increase (from 25,469 to 30,030)
> Population: 3,161,105

In-restaurant dining, gyms, and salons can open in Utah. Gatherings of up to 20 people are allowed. Malls and national parks can reopen under tight restrictions. People are still encouraged to avoid nonessential travel.

Utah delayed considering applications by counties to ease more restrictions due to an increase in new coronavirus cases in the state. Most of the state is still in the yellow (or low-risk) phase of reopening. In this phase, all economic activities are allowed if people practice social distancing and proper hygiene. There is no statewide mandate to wear masks in public (except in schools and government buildings), and there are no plans to roll back restrictions on businesses despite a spike in coronavirus cases.

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Vermont
> Cumulative COVID-19 cases as of July 15: 210 per 100,000 people — 3rd smallest (total: 1,318)
> COVID-19-related deaths as of July 15: 9 per 100,000 people — 10th smallest (total: 56)
> Total tests administered as of July 15: 12,511 per 100,000 people — 20th biggest (total: 78,358)
> Change in trailing 7-day avg. daily cases, June 7 – July 14: 4.1% — 8th smallest increase (from 1,254 to 1,305)
> Population: 626,299

Retail and lodging businesses have reopened in Vermont. Hair salons and barbershops can reopen but by appointment and with limits on occupancy. Transactions must be cashless and touchless, and owners must keep a customer log in case contact tracing is needed later.

Travel restrictions have been loosened. Out-of-state visitors can visit Vermont, but they have to complete a 14-day quarantine or a seven-day quarantine if they present a negative test result taken in their home state or in Vermont.

Events can have up to 75 people indoors and up to 150 outdoors. Arts, culture, and entertainment venues, as well as restaurants, can expand capacity to 50% or one person per 100 square feet.