Special Report

Every State’s Rules for Staying at Home and Social Distancing

Alabama
> Confirmed COVID-19 cases as of May 21: 267 per 100,000 — 25th lowest (total: 13,052)
> COVID-19 related deaths as of May 21: 11 per 100,000 — 24th highest (total: 522)
> Tests as of May 21: 3,440 per 100,000 — 25th lowest (total: 168,120)
> Date of first confirmed case: 3/13/2020
> Est. peak date: 4/19/2020 (est. 1,873 active infections)
> Population: 4,887,871

The stay-at-home order expired on April 30. A new safer-at-home policy is in effect but set to expire on May 22, though people are still encouraged to stay home as much as possible. Some businesses such as retail stores have reopened at 50% capacity, but they still must follow social distancing guidelines. Limited operations of hair and nail salons and gyms are now allowed. Restaurants must limit tables to eight persons and maintain 6-foot distances between dining groups. Gyms, athletic facilities, and hair and nail salons — which must limit capacity to 50% — also must follow social distancing and sanitation rules. Gyms can’t offer sports that require close contact with others. Sharing sporting apparatus and equipment is also banned. The ban on 10-person nonwork gatherings has been lifted, including on beaches, but 6 feet of separation is required. Child care facilities must not allow more than 12 children in a single room.

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Alaska
> Confirmed COVID-19 cases as of May 21: 55 per 100,000 — 3rd lowest (total: 402)
> COVID-19 related deaths as of May 21: 1 per 100,000 — 2nd lowest (total: 10)
> Tests as of May 21: 5,023 per 100,000 — 12th highest (total: 37,045)
> Date of first confirmed case: 3/12/2020
> Est. peak date: 3/18/2020 (est. 100 active infections)
> Population: 737,438

The stay-at-home order expired on April 24. The state government has since allowed nonessential businesses to reopen for regular business hours. There can be no waiting lines in places providing personal services like hair salons. All limits on capacity will be lifted after May 22, when all businesses, including recreational activities and sports, can open at 100% capacity. People are still encouraged to keep 6 feet away from people who don’t live in the same household. All travelers arriving in Alaska must complete a two-week quarantine.

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Arizona
> Confirmed COVID-19 cases as of May 21: 208 per 100,000 — 17th lowest (total: 14,897)
> COVID-19 related deaths as of May 21: 10 per 100,000 — 25th highest (total: 747)
> Tests as of May 21: 3,167 per 100,000 — 22nd lowest (total: 227,099)
> Date of first confirmed case: 1/26/2020
> Est. peak date: 6/20/2020 (est. 13,974 active infections)
> Population: 7,171,646

The stay-at-home order expired on May 15. Elective medical procedures have been allowed to resume; some nonessential businesses opened for delivery services; and in-store sales were allowed to resume on May 8. Restaurants opened for dine-in on May 10 but must limit capacity. Gyms and spas were allowed to reopen on May 13, and movie theaters on May 15, but they have to abide by federal social distancing rules. Major leagues sports can resume games but with no fans. Pools can also open with social distancing and enhanced sanitation. More work sectors can reopen incrementally, but employers and their personnel are still encouraged to work remotely whenever possible.

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Arkansas
> Confirmed COVID-19 cases as of May 21: 166 per 100,000 — 11th lowest (total: 5,003)
> COVID-19 related deaths as of May 21: 4 per 100,000 — 7th lowest (total: 107)
> Tests as of May 21: 3,194 per 100,000 — 23rd lowest (total: 96,258)
> Date of first confirmed case: 3/11/2020
> Est. peak date: 4/14/2020 (est. 571 active infections)
> Population: 3,013,825

The state never issued a statewide stay-at-home order, but nonessential businesses were closed. A phased reopening plan has been put in place. Gatherings of more than 10 people are not allowed indoors or outside. Golf courses are allowed to reopen, as are hair and nail salons, spas, gyms, and other personal care establishments. Restaurants can resume dine-in services but with limitations — they can only seat a third of their total capacity. Rental of campsites, cabins, lodges, and RVs is allowed. People with RVs can stay overnight in campgrounds, but bath houses remain closed. State Parks opened visitor information centers, museums and exhibits, gift shops, marinas, and equipment rental on May 15. The number of visitors will be limited, and social distancing will be enforced.

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California
> Confirmed COVID-19 cases as of May 21: 212 per 100,000 — 18th lowest (total: 84,057)
> COVID-19 related deaths as of May 21: 9 per 100,000 — 23rd lowest (total: 3,436)
> Tests as of May 21: 3,489 per 100,000 — 24th highest (total: 1,380,120)
> Date of first confirmed case: 1/25/2020
> Est. peak date: 4/5/2020 (est. 10,420 active infections)
> Population: 39,557,045

A stay-at-home order, which has no set end date, is still in effect, though some restrictions are being lifted. The state is now in its second phase of reopening, which includes allowing separate counties to choose to continue their own stay-at-home orders and other social distancing rules based on local conditions. In general, Californians are still ordered to stay home or at their place of residence, except for permitted work, local shopping, or other permitted errands. Small businesses were able to reopen for curbside pickup starting May 8. Businesses will have to follow social distancing guidelines, and employees will have to wear protective gear. Shopping centers, strip malls, and some offices can reopen. Booksellers, sporting goods stores, florists, clothing stores, and other retail shops are allowed to sell merchandise with curbside pickup.

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