Crime in Alabama

Alabama's crime rate

There were 163,099 crimes reported in Alabama in 2018, the most recent year crime data is available. Adjusted for population, Alabama's crime rate is 3,337 crimes per 100,000 residents.

How does Alabama compare?

Crime is more common in Alabama than it is on average nationwide. By comparison, the national crime rate of 2,580 per 100,000 people is 23% lower. Of the 50 states, 7 have a higher crime rate than Alabama.

Crime rates nationwide range from 1,422 per 100,000 in New Hampshire to 4,276 per 100,000 in New Mexico, the states with the lowest and highest crime rates, respectively.

Here are the crime rates for all 50 states.

What types of crimes are being committed?

The FBI's crime rate includes seven crime categories: three property crimes -- larceny, burglary, and motor vehicle theft, and four violent crimes -- aggravated assault, robbery, rape, and murder.

Property crime

The vast majority of crimes in America are property crimes, accounting for 85% of total crimes in 2018. This share was roughly the same in Alabama, with property crimes accounting for 84% of all crimes reported in the state.

There were 137,700 property crimes reported in Alabama in 2018, or 2,817 per 100,000 residents. This is much higher than the national rate of 2,200 property crimes per 100,000 people and is the 11th highest rate of the 50 states.

Larceny

Larceny is by far the most common type of property crime. The 5,217,055 reported incidents nationwide in 2018 accounted for 72% of all property crime. Alabama's rate of 1,959 reported larceny incidents per 100,000 residents is higher than the nationwide rate of 1,595 per 100,000 and is the 11th highest among states.

Burglary

An estimated 28,841 break-ins were reported in Alabama in 2018, or 590 per 100,000 state residents -- the seventh highest rate among states. For reference, there were an estimated 1,230,149 break-ins nationwide, or 376 break-ins per 100,000 people.

Motor vehicle theft

Across the U.S., there were 748,841 reported motor vehicle thefts in 2018, a rate of 229 per 100,000 people. Alabama's rate of 268 motor vehicle thefts per 100,000 residents was higher than this national rate and the 14th highest rate compared to all states.

Violent crime

Violent crimes make up a small share of crimes nationwide. In Alabama, violent crimes account for 16% of total crimes, versus 15% nationwide.

While Alabama has the 43rd lowest total crime rate of all states, it has the 44th lowest violent crime rate. The state’s violent crime rate of 520 per 100,000 people is much higher than the national rate of 381 per 100,000. There were 25,399 violent crimes reported to Alabama law enforcement agencies in 2018.

Aggravated assault

Aggravated assault is by far the most common type of violent crime. Nationwide, there were 807,410 aggravated assaults in 2018, accounting for 65% of violent crimes across the country. In Alabama, 18,944 aggravated assaults were reported in 2018. Alabama's rate of aggravated assault of 388 per 100,000 people is much higher than the national rate of 247 per 100,000 and is the fifth highest of all states.

Robbery

Robbery is the second most common type of violent crime in America. There were 4,076 robberies reported in Alabama in 2018, or 83 robberies for every 100,000 residents. This is roughly the same as the national rate of 86 robberies per 100,000 people, and the 15th highest robbery rate among states.

Rape

There were 1,996 reported rapes in 2018 in Alabama. The state's rate of rape of 40.8 per 100,000 residents is similar to the national rate of 42.6 per 100,000 people. Alabama has the 21st lowest rate of rape.

Murder

In 2018, there were 383 murders reported to law enforcement in Alabama. The state’s murder rate of 7.8 per 100,000 residents is much higher than the national rate of 5.0 per 100,000. Alabama's murder rate is the fifth highest in the country.

Where are these crimes being committed?

Because crime is influenced by local circumstances, crime levels vary considerably within each state. Often a state’s dense urban areas will have higher crime rates than its rural areas. Even in a state with an exceptionally low crime rate, there is often at least one area where crime rates exceed the nation.

City with the highest crime rate in Alabama

The city with the highest total crime rate in Alabama is Anniston, with a crime rate of 10,847 per 100,000 residents. This excludes cities with a population below 5,000 and cities with incomplete FBI crime reports.

Because property crimes are much more common than violent crimes, it is often the case that the city with the highest total crime rate in a state is a city with an especially high property crime rate but not the highest violent crime rate. However, this is not the case in Alabama. Not only does the city have the highest total crime rate in the state, but it also has the highest violent crime rate, making it the most dangerous in the state. Its violent crime rate of 2,992 per 100,000 residents is more than five times the statewide rate.

Crime over time

National historical trend

The FBI provides access to crime data by state dating back to 1960. This nearly 60-year span, can be divided into three periods. Crime skyrocketed between 1960 and 1980, with the crime rate more than tripling in just 20 years from 1,887 crimes per 100,000 Americans to 5,950 crimes per 100,000 Americans.

Crime remained high in the 1980s and reached its second highest peak in 1991. Since that year, crime has fallen steadily nationwide, reaching its current rate of 2,580 per 100,000, a 56% decline in 27 years.

Alabama's historical trend

In 1960, Alabama's crime rate was 1,222 crimes per 100,000 residents. Crime peaked in the state in 1991 at 5,366 per 100,000, an increase of 339%.

Crime changes 2013-2018

Over the five years since 2013, the nationwide total crime rate has decreased by 16.8%, but this change varied dramatically between states. In New Hampshire, for example, the crime rate decreased by 43.6%, the largest decline of any state. The largest increase was in Alaska, where crime rose by 19.0% between 2013 and 2018.

With a decrease of 11.7%, Alabama's crime rate has fallen slower than the country as a whole. The crime rate declined in 47 states over this time period, and in most of them, it declined faster than in Alabama.

How Alabama has compared to other states historically

Despite the state's current relatively high crime rate, since 1960, Alabama has typically had a lower crime rate than the majority of states. Also, the state's crime rate ranking has varied much more than most states since 1960. In fact, Alabama has been among the 10 states with the highest crime rates and the 10 states with the lowest crime rates over the time period, one of only seven states where this was true.

All cities in Alabama

Here are all Alabama cities ranked by total crime rate. For a city to be included, it must have a complete 2018 FBI crime report and population of 5,000 or more. Click any bar or city name to see more about crime in that city.

Click here to see a list of all city crime pages.

Click here to see a list of all state crime pages.