Delaware is a state in the Southern United States with a population of 949,495 and land area of 1,949 square miles. It ranks as the sixth smallest state by population and the 2nd smallest state by area.
Race and Ethnicity
According to the most recent estimates from the U.S. Census Bureau, 62.70% of state residents identify as white, 21.60% as Black or African American, 0.30% as American Indian or Alaska Native, 3.80% as Asian, 0.00% as Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander, 9.10% as Hispanic or Latino, and 2.50% as some other race or combination of races.
Nationally, some 61.1% of Americans identify as white, 12.3% as Black or African American, 0.7% as American Indian or Alaska Native, 5.4% as Asian, 0.2% as Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander, 17.8% as Hispanic or Latino, and 2.6% as some other race or combination of races.
Census respondents are also asked to report ancestry. Some of the most commonly reported ancestries in Delaware include Irish, German, English, Italian, and American. Measured by location quotient -- comparing the state share to the national share -- some of the most highly concentrated ancestries in Delaware are Bermudan, Kenyan, and Sierra Leonean.
Native and foreign-born population
An estimated 90.80% of Delaware residents are native-born, meaning they were born in the United States, Puerto Rico, a U.S. Island Area, or abroad to a U.S. citizen.
Of the 9.20% of the population that is foreign-born, 47.50% have become naturalized U.S. citizens. Nationwide, 86.5% of Americans are native-born. And of the 13.5% of Americans who are foreign-born, 48.8% have become naturalized U.S. citizens.
The population of Delaware is older than the United States as a whole. The median age in the state is 40.2 years old, 2.3 years more than the national median age of 37.9 years. An estimated 17.60% of the population is 65 years and over, compared to 15.2% of the U.S. population.
Family and household composition
Family and household composition also varies heavily across the United States. In Delaware, 48.70% of households are occupied by married-couple families, compared to the 48.3% national figure. Some 4.60% of households are occupied by single male householders, 13.20% by single female householders, and 33.50% by non-family occupants. Nationwide, 4.9% of households are occupied by single male householders, 12.6% by single female householders, and 34.3% by non-family occupants. An estimated 71.10% of heads of household own their homes, compared to the national homeownership rate of 63.8%.
As is the case across the United States, English is the most commonly spoken language in Delaware. Of the 894,600 people aged 5 and up living in Delaware, 95.6% speak English exclusively, or, if they are multilingual, speak English very well. Not only is English the predominantly spoken language in the state, its usage is even more common than it is nationwide where an average of 91.5% of the 5 and older population only speaks English, or speak it very well.
Spanish is the second most commonly spoken language in the United States. In Delaware, 7% of the population aged 5 and older speaks Spanish, the 25th largest share among all states. Nationwide, 13.3% of all Americans in the same age group speak Spanish.
Residents of Delaware are about as likely to be married than the typical American. Of the 780,800 Delaware residents aged 15 and older, 47.9% are currently married, compared to 48.1% of Americans nationwide in the same age group. Divorceis also about as common in the state as it is nationwide. In Delaware, 11.1% of the 15 and older population is divorced, compared to the 10.8% share of the same age group across the U.S. as a whole.
An estimated 33.3% of Delaware residents 15 and older have never married, compared to one-third of Americans in the same age group.
In Delaware, 9% of the 18 and over population are veterans -- above the 7.5% of adult civilians who have served in the military nationwide. Compared to other states, Delaware is home to the 16th largest share of military veterans.
As is the case nationwide, the largest share of veterans living in the state served in the Vietnam era. Of Delaware’s 66,600 resident veterans, 3.4% served in World War II, 38.2% served in the Vietnam War, 20.1% served in the period between the beginning of the Gulf War and 2001, and 16.4% served since the terrorist attacks of Sept. 11, 2001. An additional 5,700 men and women served during the Korean War.
In Delaware, adults are more likely to have a high school education than the typical American adult, but about as likely to have a four-year college education. Among Delaware residents 25 and older, 89.8% have a high school diploma or equivalent, and 31.4% have a bachelor’s degree or higher, compared to 87.7% and 31.5% of adults nationwide, respectively.
Though it is not always the case, incomes tend to rise with educational attainment rates across broad populations -- and Delaware is one exception. Despite a slightly lower than average bachelor’s degree attainment rate, the state has a higher than average median income. The typical household in Delaware earns $65,627 a year, about $5,300 more than the national median household income of $60,293.
Still, Delaware has a slightly lower than average concentration of wealthy residents. An estimated 6.6% of households in the state earn $200,000 or more annually, compared to 7.0% of households nationwide.
With the higher than average median household income, serious financial hardship is less common in the state than it is nationwide. The poverty rate in Delaware stands at 11.9%, while the national poverty rate is 14.1%.
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