Cost of Living in Minnesota

Living in Minnesota is less expensive than it is on average across the U.S. as a whole. According to data from the Bureau of Economic Analysis, goods and services in the state cost 2.5% less than they do on average nationwide. Compared with all other states, Minnesota has the 20th highest overall cost of living.

In general, living in dense, urban metro areas is more expensive than living in more rural areas. Minnesota is home to five metropolitan areas. The most expensive in the state is the Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington metro area, where the cost of goods and services is 2.6% higher than the national average and 5.1% higher than the statewide average.

Minnesota Housing Costs

Housing is one of the largest components of cost of living. In Minnesota, the typical home is worth $211,800, $6,900 more than the national median home value of $204,900. Across the state, the median price of a home built in 1939 or earlier is $163,700, while the median value of a home built in 2014 or later is $402,300.

The typical renter in Minnesota spends $944 a month on housing, $79 less than the $1,023 national median monthly rent. Monthly rent for a one-bedroom in the state is $812, while the typical rent for a unit with five or more bedrooms is $1,339.

Across the state, 28.4% of occupied homes are rented, less than the 36.2% national average and the third lowest renter rate of any state.

Minnesota Transportation Costs

Transportation can also be a significant component of cost of living. In Minnesota, 86.4% of commuters drive to work, compared to 85.5% of commuters nationwide. On average, the typical motorist in the state drives 10,770 miles a year. Taking into account average fuel economy and the average cost of gas -- regular fuel cost an average of $2.11 a gallon in Minnesota in mid-2020 -- the average motorist in the state can expect to spend $940 on gas alone in one year.

Other transportation costs, like car insurance premiums, can vary by state. In Minnesota, the average car insurance premium is $1,365, less than the $1,517 national average, according to data from And according to data from the EPI, the average single adult in the state spends $10,149 a year on transportation.

Minnesota Health Care Costs

Out-of-pocket costs and insurance premiums for health care -- assuming at least a basic level of health insurance coverage -- are relatively high in Minnesota. Average health care costs for a single adult in the state total $4,885 per year, compared to the national average of $4,266. For a family of four, average annual health care costs total $16,431 -- $3,481 more than the comparable national average of $12,950.

Minnesota Food Costs

Food is another every day expense that has a significant impact on the overall cost of living in an area. Data from the U.S. Department of Agriculture shows that the cost of food varies from state to state.

In Minnesota, a single adult spends an average of $3,225 on food annually, and a family of four spends $9,314 on average. For context, the nationwide average annual food expenditure is $3,240 for a single adult and $9,354 for a family of four. These estimates are calculated for a nutritionally adequate diet of food purchased at a grocery store for at home preparation.

Minnesota Child Care Costs

For families, child care adds thousands of dollars to overall annual spending. The average annual cost of child care for a 4 year old child in Minnesota is $11,301, well above the national average of $8,903. Similarly, it costs an average of $19,242 to care for a 4 year old child and an 8 year old child per year in Minnesota compared to the national average of $15,853.

Minnesota Taxes

Few expenses vary as much from state to state as taxes. Accounting for state and federal income taxes, as well as Social Security contributions and Medicare payroll, the average adult working in Minnesota pays $6,132 annually in taxes -- slightly below the national average of $6,542.

Excluding federal taxes and incorporating state and local taxes such as property and sales taxes -- the state and local tax burden in Minnesota is greater than the average across the U.S. as a whole. Per capita state tax collections in Minnesota come out to $4,758 per year, compared to the $3,151 average across all states.

Cost of Living by County or County Equivalent

Just as cost of living varies from state to state, it also varies from place to place within states. In Minnesota, Washington County, home to the city of Woodbury, has the highest overall cost of living for a family of four at $107,911 per year, well above the statewide average of $93,946 per year.

Meanwhile, Roseau County is the least expensive place in Minnesota. The average annual cost of living for a family of four in the area is just $76,831, $17,115 less than it is across the state as a whole. Roseau is the most populous community in Roseau County.

Note that monetary figures are rounded to the nearest dollar and calculated differences may not always add up perfectly to the nearest dollar.

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Read More About Minnesota

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