Cost of Living in Washington

Living in Washington is more expensive than it is on average across the U.S. as a whole. According to data from the Bureau of Economic Analysis, goods and services in the state cost 7.8% more than they do on average nationwide. Compared with all other states, Washington has the seventh highest overall cost of living.

In general, living in dense, urban metro areas is more expensive than living in more rural areas. Washington is home to 11 metropolitan areas. The most expensive in the state is the Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue metro area, where the cost of goods and services is 12.9% higher than the national average and 5.1% higher than the statewide average.

Washington Housing Costs

Housing is one of the largest components of cost of living. In Washington, the typical home is worth $311,700, $106,800 more than the national median home value of $204,900. Across the state, the median price of a home built in 1939 or earlier is $302,300, while the median value of a home built in 2014 or later is $470,400.

The typical renter in Washington spends $1,194 a month on housing, $171 more than the $1,023 national median monthly rent. Monthly rent for a one-bedroom in the state is $993, while the typical rent for a unit with five or more bedrooms is $1,830.

Across the state, 37.3% of occupied homes are rented, more than the 36.2% national average and the 10th highest renter rate of any state.

Washington Transportation Costs

Transportation can also be a significant component of cost of living. In Washington, 81.9% of commuters drive to work, compared to 85.5% of commuters nationwide. On average, the typical motorist in the state drives 8,272 miles a year. Taking into account average fuel economy and the average cost of gas -- regular fuel cost an average of $2.83 a gallon in Washington in mid-2020 -- the average motorist in the state can expect to spend $969 on gas alone in one year.

Other transportation costs, like car insurance premiums, can vary by state. In Washington, the average car insurance premium is $2,239, more than the $1,517 national average, according to data from And according to data from the EPI, the average single adult in the state spends $10,225 a year on transportation.

Washington Health Care Costs

Out-of-pocket costs and insurance premiums for health care -- assuming at least a basic level of health insurance coverage -- are relatively low in Washington. Average health care costs for a single adult in the state total $3,351 per year, compared to the national average of $4,266. For a family of four, average annual health care costs total $10,203 -- $2,747 less than the comparable national average of $12,950.

Washington Food Costs

Food is another every day expense that has a significant impact on the overall cost of living in an area. Data from the U.S. Department of Agriculture shows that the cost of food varies from state to state.

In Washington, a single adult spends an average of $3,364 on food annually, and a family of four spends $9,715 on average. For context, the nationwide average annual food expenditure is $3,240 for a single adult and $9,354 for a family of four. These estimates are calculated for a nutritionally adequate diet of food purchased at a grocery store for at home preparation.

Washington Child Care Costs

For families, child care adds thousands of dollars to overall annual spending. The average annual cost of child care for a 4 year old child in Washington is $10,569, well above the national average of $8,903. Similarly, it costs an average of $17,688 to care for a 4 year old child and an 8 year old child per year in Washington compared to the national average of $15,853.

Washington Taxes

Few expenses vary as much from state to state as taxes. Accounting for state and federal income taxes, as well as Social Security contributions and Medicare payroll, the average adult working in Washington pays $5,697 annually in taxes -- below the national average of $6,542. The state is one of only nine nationwide that does not levy a tax on wages, which partially explains lower than average tax payments.

Excluding federal taxes and incorporating state and local taxes such as property and sales taxes -- the state and local tax burden in Washington is greater than the average across the U.S. as a whole. Per capita state tax collections in Washington come out to $3,527 per year, compared to the $3,151 average across all states.

Cost of Living by County or County Equivalent

Just as cost of living varies from state to state, it also varies from place to place within states. In Washington, King County, home to the city of Seattle, has the highest overall cost of living for a family of four at $97,596 per year, well above the statewide average of $86,409 per year.

Meanwhile, Adams County is the least expensive place in Washington. The average annual cost of living for a family of four in the area is just $67,201, $19,208 less than it is across the state as a whole. Othello is the most populous community in Adams County.

Note that monetary figures are rounded to the nearest dollar and calculated differences may not always add up perfectly to the nearest dollar.

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