New York's crime rate
There were 336,919 crimes reported in New York in 2019, the most recent year crime data is available. Adjusted for population, New York's crime rate is 1,732 crimes per 100,000 residents.
How does New York compare?
Crime is less common in New York than it is on average nationwide. By comparison, the national crime rate of 2,489 per 100,000 people is 44% higher. Of the 50 states, 41 have a higher crime rate than New York.
Crime rates nationwide range from 1,361 per 100,000 in Maine to 3,945 per 100,000 in New Mexico, the states with the lowest and highest crime rates, respectively.
Here are the crime rates for all 50 states.
What types of crimes are being committed?
The FBI's crime rate includes seven crime categories: three property crimes -- larceny, burglary, and motor vehicle theft, and four violent crimes -- aggravated assault, robbery, rape, and murder.
The vast majority of crimes in America are property crimes, accounting for 85% of total crimes in 2019. This share was lower in New York, with property crimes accounting for 79% of all crimes reported in the state.
There were 267,155 property crimes reported in New York in 2019, or 1,373 per 100,000 residents. This is far lower than the national rate of 2,110 property crimes per 100,000 people and is the sixth lowest rate of the 50 states.
Larceny is by far the most common type of property crime. The 5,086,096 reported incidents nationwide in 2019 accounted for 73% of all property crime. New York's rate of 1,166 reported larceny incidents per 100,000 residents is lower than the nationwide rate of 1,550 per 100,000 and is the 11th lowest among states.
An estimated 27,600 break-ins were reported in New York in 2019, or 142 per 100,000 state residents -- the second lowest rate among states. For reference, there were an estimated 1,117,696 break-ins nationwide, or 341 break-ins per 100,000 people.
Motor vehicle theft
Across the U.S., there were 721,885 reported motor vehicle thefts in 2019, a rate of 220 per 100,000 people. New York's rate of 65 motor vehicle thefts per 100,000 residents was a fraction of this national rate and the third lowest rate compared to all states.
Violent crimes make up a small share of crimes nationwide. In New York, violent crimes account for 21% of total crimes, versus 15% nationwide.
While New York has the ninth lowest total crime rate of all states, it has the 26th lowest violent crime rate. The state’s violent crime rate of 359 per 100,000 people is lower than the national rate of 379 per 100,000. There were 69,764 violent crimes reported to New York law enforcement agencies in 2019.
Aggravated assault is by far the most common type of violent crime. Nationwide, there were 821,182 aggravated assaults in 2019, accounting for 66% of violent crimes across the country. In New York, 44,555 aggravated assaults were reported in 2019. New York's rate of aggravated assault of 229 per 100,000 people is slightly lower than the national rate of 250 per 100,000 and is the 23rd lowest of all states.
Robbery is the second most common type of violent crime in America. There were 18,068 robberies reported in New York in 2019, or 93 robberies for every 100,000 residents. This is higher than the national rate of 82 robberies per 100,000 people, and the eighth highest robbery rate among states.
There were 6,583 reported rapes in 2019 in New York. The state's rate of rape of 33.8 per 100,000 residents is lower than the national rate of 42.6 per 100,000 people. New York has the 10th lowest rate of rape.
In 2019, there were 558 murders reported to law enforcement in New York. The state’s murder rate of 2.9 per 100,000 residents is much lower than the national rate of 5.0 per 100,000. New York's murder rate is the 16th lowest in the country.
Where are these crimes being committed?
Because crime is influenced by local circumstances, crime levels vary considerably within each state. Often a state’s dense urban areas will have higher crime rates than its rural areas. Even in a state with an exceptionally low crime rate, there is often at least one area where crime rates exceed the nation.
City with the highest crime rate in New York
The city with the highest total crime rate in New York is Johnson City Village, with a crime rate of 5,819 per 100,000 residents. This excludes cities with a population below 5,000 and cities with incomplete FBI crime reports.
While the city may have the highest total crime rate in the state, the rate is driven by property crime. Therefore, Johnson City Village is likely less dangerous than other cities in the state where more violent crimes are committed.
The most dangerous city in the state is Newburgh. This city has the highest violent crime rate in New York, at 1,129 per 100,000 residents, more than triple the statewide rate.
Crime over time
National historical trend
The FBI provides access to crime data by state dating back to 1960. This 60-year span, can be divided into three periods. Crime skyrocketed between 1960 and 1980, with the crime rate more than tripling in just 20 years from 1,887 crimes per 100,000 Americans to 5,950 crimes per 100,000 Americans.
Crime remained high in the 1980s and reached its second highest peak in 1991. Since that year, crime has fallen steadily nationwide, reaching its current rate of 2,489 per 100,000, a 58% decline in 28 years.
New York's historical trend
In 1965, New York's crime rate was 3,066 crimes per 100,000 residents (data isn't available for 1960-1964 for New York). Crime peaked in the state in 1980 at 6,912 per 100,000, an increase of 125%.
Crime changes 2014-2019
Over the five years since 2014, the nationwide total crime rate has decreased by 15.2%, but this change varied dramatically between states. In New Hampshire, for example, the crime rate decreased by 37.0%, the largest decline of any state. The largest increase was in Alaska, where crime rose by 11.3% between 2014 and 2019.
With a decrease of 17.6%, New York's crime rate has fallen faster than the country as a whole. The crime rate declined in 48 states over this time period, but in most of them, it declined slower than in New York.
How New York has compared to other states historically
Since 1965, New York has had periods of both relatively high and relatively low crime rates compared to the other states. Also, the state's crime rate ranking has varied much more than most states since 1965. In fact, New York has been among the 10 states with the highest crime rates and the 10 states with the lowest crime rates over the time period, one of only six states where this was true.
All cities in New York
Here are all New York cities ranked by total crime rate. For a city to be included, it must have a complete 2019 FBI crime report and population of 5,000 or more. Click any bar or city name to see more about crime in that city.
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