Crime in New York

New York's crime rate

There were 350,002 crimes reported in New York in 2018, the most recent year crime data is available. Adjusted for population, New York's crime rate is 1,791 crimes per 100,000 residents.

How does New York compare?

Crime is less common in New York than it is on average nationwide. By comparison, the national crime rate of 2,580 per 100,000 people is 44% higher. Of the 50 states, 42 have a higher crime rate than New York.

Crime rates nationwide range from 1,422 per 100,000 in New Hampshire to 4,276 per 100,000 in New Mexico, the states with the lowest and highest crime rates, respectively.

Here are the crime rates for all 50 states.

What types of crimes are being committed?

The FBI's crime rate includes seven crime categories: three property crimes -- larceny, burglary, and motor vehicle theft, and four violent crimes -- aggravated assault, robbery, rape, and murder.

Property crime

The vast majority of crimes in America are property crimes, accounting for 85% of total crimes in 2018. This share was slightly lower in New York, with property crimes accounting for 80% of all crimes reported in the state.

There were 281,507 property crimes reported in New York in 2018, or 1,441 per 100,000 residents. This is far lower than the national rate of 2,200 property crimes per 100,000 people and is the sixth lowest rate of the 50 states.

Larceny

Larceny is by far the most common type of property crime. The 5,217,055 reported incidents nationwide in 2018 accounted for 72% of all property crime. New York's rate of 1,214 reported larceny incidents per 100,000 residents is lower than the nationwide rate of 1,595 per 100,000 and is the 12th lowest among states.

Burglary

An estimated 31,137 break-ins were reported in New York in 2018, or 159 per 100,000 state residents -- the second lowest rate among states. For reference, there were an estimated 1,230,149 break-ins nationwide, or 376 break-ins per 100,000 people.

Motor vehicle theft

Across the U.S., there were 748,841 reported motor vehicle thefts in 2018, a rate of 229 per 100,000 people. New York's rate of 67 motor vehicle thefts per 100,000 residents was a fraction of this national rate and the fourth lowest rate compared to all states.

Violent crime

Violent crimes make up a small share of crimes nationwide. In New York, violent crimes account for 20% of total crimes, versus 15% nationwide.

While New York has the eighth lowest total crime rate of all states, it has the 26th lowest violent crime rate. The state’s violent crime rate of 350 per 100,000 people is lower than the national rate of 381 per 100,000. There were 68,495 violent crimes reported to New York law enforcement agencies in 2018.

Aggravated assault

Aggravated assault is by far the most common type of violent crime. Nationwide, there were 807,410 aggravated assaults in 2018, accounting for 65% of violent crimes across the country. In New York, 43,171 aggravated assaults were reported in 2018. New York's rate of aggravated assault of 221 per 100,000 people is lower than the national rate of 247 per 100,000 and is the 25th lowest of all states.

Robbery

Robbery is the second most common type of violent crime in America. There were 18,187 robberies reported in New York in 2018, or 93 robberies for every 100,000 residents. This is slightly higher than the national rate of 86 robberies per 100,000 people, and the 10th highest robbery rate among states.

Rape

There were 6,575 reported rapes in 2018 in New York. The state's rate of rape of 33.6 per 100,000 residents is lower than the national rate of 42.6 per 100,000 people. New York has the ninth lowest rate of rape.

Murder

In 2018, there were 562 murders reported to law enforcement in New York. The state’s murder rate of 2.9 per 100,000 residents is much lower than the national rate of 5.0 per 100,000. New York's murder rate is the 17th lowest in the country.

Where are these crimes being committed?

Because crime is influenced by local circumstances, crime levels vary considerably within each state. Often a state’s dense urban areas will have higher crime rates than its rural areas. Even in a state with an exceptionally low crime rate, there is often at least one area where crime rates exceed the nation.

City with the highest crime rate in New York

The city with the highest total crime rate in New York is Binghamton, with a crime rate of 4,945 per 100,000 residents. This excludes cities with a population below 5,000 and cities with incomplete FBI crime reports.

While the city may have the highest total crime rate in the state, the rate is driven by property crime. Therefore, Binghamton is likely less dangerous than other cities in the state where more violent crimes are committed.

The most dangerous city in the state is Newburgh. This city has the highest violent crime rate in New York, at 1,163 per 100,000 residents, more than triple the statewide rate.

Crime over time

National historical trend

The FBI provides access to crime data by state dating back to 1960. This nearly 60-year span, can be divided into three periods. Crime skyrocketed between 1960 and 1980, with the crime rate more than tripling in just 20 years from 1,887 crimes per 100,000 Americans to 5,950 crimes per 100,000 Americans.

Crime remained high in the 1980s and reached its second highest peak in 1991. Since that year, crime has fallen steadily nationwide, reaching its current rate of 2,580 per 100,000, a 56% decline in 27 years.

New York's historical trend

In 1965, New York's crime rate was 3,066 crimes per 100,000 residents (data isn't available for 1960-1964 for New York). Crime peaked in the state in 1980 at 6,912 per 100,000, an increase of 125%.

Crime changes 2013-2018

Over the five years since 2013, the nationwide total crime rate has decreased by 16.8%, but this change varied dramatically between states. In New Hampshire, for example, the crime rate decreased by 43.6%, the largest decline of any state. The largest increase was in Alaska, where crime rose by 19.0% between 2013 and 2018.

With a decrease of 19.1%, New York's crime rate has fallen faster than the country as a whole. The crime rate declined in 47 states over this time period, but in most of them, it declined slower than in New York.

How New York has compared to other states historically

Despite the state's current relatively low crime rate, since 1965, New York has typically had a higher crime rate than the majority of states. Also, the state's crime rate ranking has varied much more than most states since 1965. In fact, New York has been among the 10 states with the highest crime rates and the 10 states with the lowest crime rates over the time period, one of only seven states where this was true.

All cities in New York

Here are all New York cities ranked by total crime rate. For a city to be included, it must have a complete 2018 FBI crime report and population of 5,000 or more. Click any bar or city name to see more about crime in that city.

Click here to see a list of all city crime pages.

Click here to see a list of all state crime pages.