Virginia's crime rate
There were 158,917 crimes reported in Virginia in 2018, the most recent year crime data is available. Adjusted for population, Virginia's crime rate is 1,866 crimes per 100,000 residents.
How does Virginia compare?
Crime is less common in Virginia than it is on average nationwide. By comparison, the national crime rate of 2,580 per 100,000 people is 38% higher. Of the 50 states, 39 have a higher crime rate than Virginia.
Crime rates nationwide range from 1,422 per 100,000 in New Hampshire to 4,276 per 100,000 in New Mexico, the states with the lowest and highest crime rates, respectively.
Here are the crime rates for all 50 states.
What types of crimes are being committed?
The FBI's crime rate includes seven crime categories: three property crimes -- larceny, burglary, and motor vehicle theft, and four violent crimes -- aggravated assault, robbery, rape, and murder.
The vast majority of crimes in America are property crimes, accounting for 85% of total crimes in 2018. This share was slightly higher in Virginia, with property crimes accounting for 89% of all crimes reported in the state.
There were 141,885 property crimes reported in Virginia in 2018, or 1,666 per 100,000 residents. This is lower than the national rate of 2,200 property crimes per 100,000 people and is the 13th lowest rate of the 50 states.
Larceny is by far the most common type of property crime. The 5,217,055 reported incidents nationwide in 2018 accounted for 72% of all property crime. Virginia's rate of 1,356 reported larceny incidents per 100,000 residents is lower than the nationwide rate of 1,595 per 100,000 and is the 17th lowest among states.
An estimated 15,574 break-ins were reported in Virginia in 2018, or 183 per 100,000 state residents -- the third lowest rate among states. For reference, there were an estimated 1,230,149 break-ins nationwide, or 376 break-ins per 100,000 people.
Motor vehicle theft
Across the U.S., there were 748,841 reported motor vehicle thefts in 2018, a rate of 229 per 100,000 people. Virginia's rate of 127 motor vehicle thefts per 100,000 residents was much lower than this national rate and the ninth lowest rate compared to all states.
Violent crimes make up a small share of crimes nationwide. In Virginia, violent crimes account for just 11% of total crimes, versus 15% nationwide.
While Virginia has the 11th lowest total crime rate of all states, it has the fourth lowest violent crime rate. The state’s violent crime rate of 200 per 100,000 people is considerably lower than the national rate of 381 per 100,000. There were 17,032 violent crimes reported to Virginia law enforcement agencies in 2018.
Aggravated assault is by far the most common type of violent crime. Nationwide, there were 807,410 aggravated assaults in 2018, accounting for 65% of violent crimes across the country. In Virginia, 10,113 aggravated assaults were reported in 2018. Virginia's rate of aggravated assault of 119 per 100,000 people is less than half the national rate of 247 per 100,000 and is the sixth lowest of all states.
Robbery is the second most common type of violent crime in America. There were 3,604 robberies reported in Virginia in 2018, or 42 robberies for every 100,000 residents. This is half the national rate of 86 robberies per 100,000 people, and the 13th lowest robbery rate among states.
There were 2,924 reported rapes in 2018 in Virginia. The state's rate of rape of 34.3 per 100,000 residents is lower than the national rate of 42.6 per 100,000 people. Virginia has the 10th lowest rate of rape.
In 2018, there were 391 murders reported to law enforcement in Virginia. The state’s murder rate of 4.6 per 100,000 residents is slightly lower than the national rate of 5.0 per 100,000. Virginia's murder rate is the 25th highest in the country.
Where are these crimes being committed?
Because crime is influenced by local circumstances, crime levels vary considerably within each state. Often a state’s dense urban areas will have higher crime rates than its rural areas. Even in a state with an exceptionally low crime rate, there is often at least one area where crime rates exceed the nation.
City with the highest crime rate in Virginia
The city with the highest total crime rate in Virginia is Portsmouth, with a crime rate of 6,077 per 100,000 residents. This excludes cities with a population below 5,000 and cities with incomplete FBI crime reports.
Because property crimes are much more common than violent crimes, often the city with the highest total crime rate in a state has an especially high property crime rate but not the highest violent crime rate. However, this is not the case in Virginia. Not only does Portsmouth have the highest total crime rate in the state, but it also has the highest property crime rate at 5,282 per 100,000 and highest violent crime rate at 795 per 100,000. The city's violent crime rate is nearly four times the statewide rate.
Crime over time
National historical trend
The FBI provides access to crime data by state dating back to 1960. This nearly 60-year span, can be divided into three periods. Crime skyrocketed between 1960 and 1980, with the crime rate more than tripling in just 20 years from 1,887 crimes per 100,000 Americans to 5,950 crimes per 100,000 Americans.
Crime remained high in the 1980s and reached its second highest peak in 1991. Since that year, crime has fallen steadily nationwide, reaching its current rate of 2,580 per 100,000, a 56% decline in 27 years.
Virginia's historical trend
In 1960, Virginia's crime rate was 1,653 crimes per 100,000 residents. Crime peaked in the state in 1981 at 4,671 per 100,000, an increase of 183%.
Crime changes 2013-2018
Over the five years since 2013, the nationwide total crime rate has decreased by 16.8%, but this change varied dramatically between states. In New Hampshire, for example, the crime rate decreased by 43.6%, the largest decline of any state. The largest increase was in Alaska, where crime rose by 19.0% between 2013 and 2018.
With a decrease of 17.9%, Virginia's crime rate has fallen faster than the country as a whole. The crime rate declined in 47 states over this time period, and in 23 of them, it declined faster than in Virginia.
How Virginia has compared to other states historically
Since 1960, Virginia has typically had a lower crime rate than the majority of states. Over these 59 years, the state has been among the 10 states with the lowest crime rates in 11 of them, but never among the states with the highest crime rates.
All cities in Virginia
Here are all Virginia cities ranked by total crime rate. For a city to be included, it must have a complete 2018 FBI crime report and population of 5,000 or more. Click any bar or city name to see more about crime in that city.