Vermont's crime rate
There were 9,113 crimes reported in Vermont in 2018, the most recent year crime data is available. Adjusted for population, Vermont's crime rate is 1,455 crimes per 100,000 residents.
How does Vermont compare?
Crime is relatively rare in Vermont. By comparison, the national crime rate of 2,580 per 100,000 people is 77% higher. Of the 50 states, 48 have a higher crime rate than Vermont.
Crime rates nationwide range from 1,422 per 100,000 in New Hampshire to 4,276 per 100,000 in New Mexico, the states with the lowest and highest crime rates, respectively.
Here are the crime rates for all 50 states.
What types of crimes are being committed?
The FBI's crime rate includes seven crime categories: three property crimes -- larceny, burglary, and motor vehicle theft, and four violent crimes -- aggravated assault, robbery, rape, and murder.
The vast majority of crimes in America are property crimes, accounting for 85% of total crimes in 2018. This share was slightly higher in Vermont, with property crimes accounting for 88% of all crimes reported in the state.
There were 8,036 property crimes reported in Vermont in 2018, or 1,283 per 100,000 residents. This is far lower than the national rate of 2,200 property crimes per 100,000 people and is the third lowest rate of the 50 states.
Larceny is by far the most common type of property crime. The 5,217,055 reported incidents nationwide in 2018 accounted for 72% of all property crime. Vermont's rate of 1,008 reported larceny incidents per 100,000 residents is lower than the nationwide rate of 1,595 per 100,000 and is the second lowest among states.
An estimated 1,467 break-ins were reported in Vermont in 2018, or 234 per 100,000 state residents -- the ninth lowest rate among states. For reference, there were an estimated 1,230,149 break-ins nationwide, or 376 break-ins per 100,000 people.
Motor vehicle theft
Across the U.S., there were 748,841 reported motor vehicle thefts in 2018, a rate of 229 per 100,000 people. Vermont's rate of 40 motor vehicle thefts per 100,000 residents was a fraction of this national rate and the lowest rate compared to all states.
Violent crimes make up a small share of crimes nationwide. In Vermont, violent crimes account for just 12% of total crimes, versus 15% nationwide.
Just as Vermont has the second lowest total crime rate of all states, it also has the second lowest violent crime rate. The state’s violent crime rate of 172 per 100,000 people is less than half the national rate of 381 per 100,000. There were 1,077 violent crimes reported to Vermont law enforcement agencies in 2018.
Aggravated assault is by far the most common type of violent crime. Nationwide, there were 807,410 aggravated assaults in 2018, accounting for 65% of violent crimes across the country. In Vermont, 710 aggravated assaults were reported in 2018. Vermont's rate of aggravated assault of 113 per 100,000 people is less than half the national rate of 247 per 100,000 and is the fourth lowest of all states.
Robbery is the second most common type of violent crime in America. There were 70 robberies reported in Vermont in 2018, or 11 robberies for every 100,000 residents. This is just a fraction of the national rate of 86 robberies per 100,000 people, and the lowest robbery rate among states.
There were 287 reported rapes in 2018 in Vermont. The state's rate of rape of 45.8 per 100,000 residents is slightly higher than the national rate of 42.6 per 100,000 people. Vermont has the 20th highest rate of rape.
In 2018, there were 10 murders reported to law enforcement in Vermont. The state’s murder rate of 1.6 per 100,000 residents is a fraction of the national rate of 5.0 per 100,000. Vermont's murder rate is the fourth lowest in the country.
Where are these crimes being committed?
Because crime is influenced by local circumstances, crime levels vary considerably within each state. Often a state’s dense urban areas will have higher crime rates than its rural areas. Even in a state with an exceptionally low crime rate, there is often at least one area where crime rates exceed the nation.
City with the highest crime rate in Vermont
The city with the highest total crime rate in Vermont is St. Albans, with a crime rate of 6,935 per 100,000 residents. This excludes cities with a population below 5,000 and cities with incomplete FBI crime reports.
While the city may have the highest total crime rate in the state, the rate is driven by property crime. Therefore, St. Albans is likely less dangerous than other cities in the state where more violent crimes are committed.
The most dangerous city in the state is Barre. This city has the highest violent crime rate in Vermont, at 837 per 100,000 residents, nearly five times the statewide rate.
Crime over time
National historical trend
The FBI provides access to crime data by state dating back to 1960. This nearly 60-year span, can be divided into three periods. Crime skyrocketed between 1960 and 1980, with the crime rate more than tripling in just 20 years from 1,887 crimes per 100,000 Americans to 5,950 crimes per 100,000 Americans.
Crime remained high in the 1980s and reached its second highest peak in 1991. Since that year, crime has fallen steadily nationwide, reaching its current rate of 2,580 per 100,000, a 56% decline in 27 years.
Vermont's historical trend
In 1960, Vermont's crime rate was 825 crimes per 100,000 residents. Crime peaked in the state in 1979 at 5,299 per 100,000, an increase of 542%.
Crime changes 2013-2018
Over the five years since 2013, the nationwide total crime rate has decreased by 16.8%, but this change varied dramatically between states. In New Hampshire, for example, the crime rate decreased by 43.6%, the largest decline of any state. The largest increase was in Alaska, where crime rose by 19.0% between 2013 and 2018.
With a decrease of 37.8%, Vermont's crime rate has fallen more than twice as fast as the country as a whole. The crime rate declined in 47 states over this time period, but in almost all of them, it declined slower than in Vermont.
How Vermont has compared to other states historically
Since 1960, Vermont has almost always had a lower crime rate than the majority of states. Over these 59 years, the state has been among the 10 states with the lowest crime rates in 45 of them, but never among the states with the highest crime rates. Notably, Vermont has been the state with the lowest crime rate in the country in three years since 1960.
All cities in Vermont
Here are all Vermont cities ranked by total crime rate. For a city to be included, it must have a complete 2018 FBI crime report and population of 5,000 or more. Click any bar or city name to see more about crime in that city.