Ohio's crime rate
There were 287,219 crimes reported in Ohio in 2018, the most recent year crime data is available. Adjusted for population, Ohio's crime rate is 2,457 crimes per 100,000 residents.
How does Ohio compare?
Crime is less common in Ohio than it is on average nationwide. By comparison, the national crime rate of 2,580 per 100,000 people is 5% higher. Of the 50 states, 27 have a higher crime rate than Ohio.
Crime rates nationwide range from 1,422 per 100,000 in New Hampshire to 4,276 per 100,000 in New Mexico, the states with the lowest and highest crime rates, respectively.
Here are the crime rates for all 50 states.
What types of crimes are being committed?
The FBI's crime rate includes seven crime categories: three property crimes -- larceny, burglary, and motor vehicle theft, and four violent crimes -- aggravated assault, robbery, rape, and murder.
The vast majority of crimes in America are property crimes, accounting for 85% of total crimes in 2018. This share was slightly higher in Ohio, with property crimes accounting for 89% of all crimes reported in the state.
There were 254,496 property crimes reported in Ohio in 2018, or 2,177 per 100,000 residents. This is roughly the same as the national rate of 2,200 property crimes per 100,000 people and is the 24th lowest rate of the 50 states.
Larceny is by far the most common type of property crime. The 5,217,055 reported incidents nationwide in 2018 accounted for 72% of all property crime. Ohio's rate of 1,595 reported larceny incidents per 100,000 residents is the same as the nationwide rate of 1,595 per 100,000 and is the 23rd highest among states.
An estimated 48,186 break-ins were reported in Ohio in 2018, or 412 per 100,000 state residents -- the 18th highest rate among states. For reference, there were an estimated 1,230,149 break-ins nationwide, or 376 break-ins per 100,000 people.
Motor vehicle theft
Across the U.S., there were 748,841 reported motor vehicle thefts in 2018, a rate of 229 per 100,000 people. Ohio's rate of 170 motor vehicle thefts per 100,000 residents was lower than this national rate and the 19th lowest rate compared to all states.
Violent crimes make up a small share of crimes nationwide. In Ohio, violent crimes account for just 11% of total crimes, versus 15% nationwide.
While Ohio has the 23rd lowest total crime rate of all states, it has the 16th lowest violent crime rate. The state’s violent crime rate of 280 per 100,000 people is considerably lower than the national rate of 381 per 100,000. There were 32,723 violent crimes reported to Ohio law enforcement agencies in 2018.
Aggravated assault is by far the most common type of violent crime. Nationwide, there were 807,410 aggravated assaults in 2018, accounting for 65% of violent crimes across the country. In Ohio, 17,674 aggravated assaults were reported in 2018. Ohio's rate of aggravated assault of 151 per 100,000 people is lower than the national rate of 247 per 100,000 and is the 13th lowest of all states.
Robbery is the second most common type of violent crime in America. There were 9,185 robberies reported in Ohio in 2018, or 79 robberies for every 100,000 residents. This is slightly lower than the national rate of 86 robberies per 100,000 people, and the 19th highest robbery rate among states.
There were 5,300 reported rapes in 2018 in Ohio. The state's rate of rape of 45.3 per 100,000 residents is slightly higher than the national rate of 42.6 per 100,000 people. Ohio has the 22nd highest rate of rape.
In 2018, there were 564 murders reported to law enforcement in Ohio. The state’s murder rate of 4.8 per 100,000 residents is roughly the same as the national rate of 5.0 per 100,000. Ohio's murder rate is the 23rd highest in the country.
Where are these crimes being committed?
Because crime is influenced by local circumstances, crime levels vary considerably within each state. Often a state’s dense urban areas will have higher crime rates than its rural areas. Even in a state with an exceptionally low crime rate, there is often at least one area where crime rates exceed the nation.
City with the highest crime rate in Ohio
The city with the highest total crime rate in Ohio is Chillicothe, with a crime rate of 8,050 per 100,000 residents. This excludes cities with a population below 5,000 and cities with incomplete FBI crime reports.
While the city may have the highest total crime rate in the state, the rate is driven by property crime. Therefore, Chillicothe is likely less dangerous than other cities in the state where more violent crimes are committed.
The most dangerous city in the state is Cleveland. This city has the highest violent crime rate in Ohio, at 1,450 per 100,000 residents, more than five times the statewide rate.
Crime over time
National historical trend
The FBI provides access to crime data by state dating back to 1960. This nearly 60-year span, can be divided into three periods. Crime skyrocketed between 1960 and 1980, with the crime rate more than tripling in just 20 years from 1,887 crimes per 100,000 Americans to 5,950 crimes per 100,000 Americans.
Crime remained high in the 1980s and reached its second highest peak in 1991. Since that year, crime has fallen steadily nationwide, reaching its current rate of 2,580 per 100,000, a 56% decline in 27 years.
Ohio's historical trend
In 1960, Ohio's crime rate was 1,559 crimes per 100,000 residents. Crime peaked in the state in 1981 at 5,447 per 100,000, an increase of 249%.
Crime changes 2013-2018
Over the five years since 2013, the nationwide total crime rate has decreased by 16.8%, but this change varied dramatically between states. In New Hampshire, for example, the crime rate decreased by 43.6%, the largest decline of any state. The largest increase was in Alaska, where crime rose by 19.0% between 2013 and 2018.
With a decrease of 23.6%, Ohio's crime rate has fallen faster than the country as a whole. The crime rate declined in 47 states over this time period, but in most of them, it declined slower than in Ohio.
How Ohio has compared to other states historically
Since 1960, Ohio has typically had a lower crime rate than the majority of states. However, it also has never been among the states where crime was especially low.
All cities in Ohio
Here are all Ohio cities ranked by total crime rate. For a city to be included, it must have a complete 2018 FBI crime report and population of 5,000 or more. Click any bar or city name to see more about crime in that city.