Massachusetts's crime rate
There were 103,895 crimes reported in Massachusetts in 2019, the most recent year crime data is available. Adjusted for population, Massachusetts's crime rate is 1,507 crimes per 100,000 residents.
How does Massachusetts compare?
Crime is less common in Massachusetts than it is on average nationwide. By comparison, the national crime rate of 2,489 per 100,000 people is 65% higher. Of the 50 states, 46 have a higher crime rate than Massachusetts.
Crime rates nationwide range from 1,361 per 100,000 in Maine to 3,945 per 100,000 in New Mexico, the states with the lowest and highest crime rates, respectively.
Here are the crime rates for all 50 states.
What types of crimes are being committed?
The FBI's crime rate includes seven crime categories: three property crimes -- larceny, burglary, and motor vehicle theft, and four violent crimes -- aggravated assault, robbery, rape, and murder.
The vast majority of crimes in America are property crimes, accounting for 85% of total crimes in 2019. This share was lower in Massachusetts, with property crimes accounting for 78% of all crimes reported in the state.
There were 81,317 property crimes reported in Massachusetts in 2019, or 1,180 per 100,000 residents. This is far lower than the national rate of 2,110 property crimes per 100,000 people and is the lowest rate of the 50 states.
Larceny is by far the most common type of property crime. The 5,086,096 reported incidents nationwide in 2019 accounted for 73% of all property crime. Massachusetts's rate of 912 reported larceny incidents per 100,000 residents is far lower than the nationwide rate of 1,550 per 100,000 and is the lowest among states.
An estimated 12,341 break-ins were reported in Massachusetts in 2019, or 179 per 100,000 state residents -- the fifth lowest rate among states. For reference, there were an estimated 1,117,696 break-ins nationwide, or 341 break-ins per 100,000 people.
Motor vehicle theft
Across the U.S., there were 721,885 reported motor vehicle thefts in 2019, a rate of 220 per 100,000 people. Massachusetts's rate of 89 motor vehicle thefts per 100,000 residents was less than half this national rate and the sixth lowest rate compared to all states.
Violent crimes make up a small share of crimes nationwide. In Massachusetts, violent crimes account for 22% of total crimes, versus 15% nationwide.
While Massachusetts has the fourth lowest total crime rate of all states, it has the 24th lowest violent crime rate. The state’s violent crime rate of 328 per 100,000 people is lower than the national rate of 379 per 100,000. There were 22,578 violent crimes reported to Massachusetts law enforcement agencies in 2019.
Aggravated assault is by far the most common type of violent crime. Nationwide, there were 821,182 aggravated assaults in 2019, accounting for 66% of violent crimes across the country. In Massachusetts, 16,609 aggravated assaults were reported in 2019. Massachusetts's rate of aggravated assault of 241 per 100,000 people is slightly lower than the national rate of 250 per 100,000 and is the 25th lowest of all states.
Robbery is the second most common type of violent crime in America. There were 3,613 robberies reported in Massachusetts in 2019, or 52 robberies for every 100,000 residents. This is lower than the national rate of 82 robberies per 100,000 people, and the 19th lowest robbery rate among states.
There were 2,204 reported rapes in 2019 in Massachusetts. The state's rate of rape of 32.0 per 100,000 residents is lower than the national rate of 42.6 per 100,000 people. Massachusetts has the eighth lowest rate of rape.
In 2019, there were 152 murders reported to law enforcement in Massachusetts. The state’s murder rate of 2.2 per 100,000 residents is less than half the national rate of 5.0 per 100,000. Massachusetts's murder rate is the seventh lowest in the country.
Where are these crimes being committed?
Because crime is influenced by local circumstances, crime levels vary considerably within each state. Often a state’s dense urban areas will have higher crime rates than its rural areas. Even in a state with an exceptionally low crime rate, there is often at least one area where crime rates exceed the nation.
City with the highest crime rate in Massachusetts
The city with the highest total crime rate in Massachusetts is Holyoke, with a crime rate of 4,577 per 100,000 residents. This excludes cities with a population below 5,000 and cities with incomplete FBI crime reports.
While the city may have the highest total crime rate in the state, the rate is driven by property crime. Therefore, Holyoke is likely less dangerous than other cities in the state where more violent crimes are committed.
The most dangerous city in the state is Springfield. This city has the highest violent crime rate in Massachusetts, at 905 per 100,000 residents, more than two and a half times the statewide rate.
Crime over time
National historical trend
The FBI provides access to crime data by state dating back to 1960. This 60-year span, can be divided into three periods. Crime skyrocketed between 1960 and 1980, with the crime rate more than tripling in just 20 years from 1,887 crimes per 100,000 Americans to 5,950 crimes per 100,000 Americans.
Crime remained high in the 1980s and reached its second highest peak in 1991. Since that year, crime has fallen steadily nationwide, reaching its current rate of 2,489 per 100,000, a 58% decline in 28 years.
Massachusetts's historical trend
In 1960, Massachusetts's crime rate was 1,219 crimes per 100,000 residents. Crime peaked in the state in 1980 at 6,079 per 100,000, an increase of 399%.
Crime changes 2014-2019
Over the five years since 2014, the nationwide total crime rate has decreased by 15.2%, but this change varied dramatically between states. In New Hampshire, for example, the crime rate decreased by 37.0%, the largest decline of any state. The largest increase was in Alaska, where crime rose by 11.3% between 2014 and 2019.
With a decrease of 33.1%, Massachusetts's crime rate has fallen more than twice as fast as the country as a whole. The crime rate declined in 48 states over this time period, but in almost all of them, it declined slower than in Massachusetts.
How Massachusetts has compared to other states historically
Since 1960, Massachusetts has typically had a lower crime rate than the majority of states. Over these 60 years, the state has been among the 10 states with the lowest crime rates in 10 of them, but never among the states with the highest crime rates.
All cities in Massachusetts
Here are all Massachusetts cities ranked by total crime rate. For a city to be included, it must have a complete 2019 FBI crime report and population of 5,000 or more. Click any bar or city name to see more about crime in that city.