Population, Race and Ethnicity
Des Moines is a village in Union County, New Mexico, with a population of 98. According to the most recent estimates from the U.S. Census Bureau, 79.60% of residents identify as white, 0.00% as Black or African American, 0.00% as American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.00% as Asian, 0.00% as Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander, 20.40% as Hispanic or Latino, and 0.00% as some other race or combination of races.
Nationally, some 61.1% of Americans identify as white, 12.3% as Black or African American, 0.7% as American Indian or Alaska Native, 5.4% as Asian, 0.2% as Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander, 17.8% as Hispanic or Latino, and 2.6% as some other race or combination of races.
Census respondents are also asked to report ancestry. Some of the most commonly reported ancestries in Des Moines include German, American, Irish, English, and French. Measured by location quotient — comparing the village share to the national share — some of the most highly concentrated ancestries in village are German, American, and French.
The population of Des Moines is younger than the United States as a whole. The median age is 31 years, 6.9 years less than the national median age of 37.9 years. An estimated 16.30% of the population is 65 years and over, compared to 15.2% of the U.S. population.
Family and household composition
Family and household composition also varies heavily across the United States. In Des Moines, 68.40% of households are occupied by married-couple families, compared to the 48.3% national figure. Some 0.00% of households are occupied by single male householders, 0.00% by single female householders, and 31.60% by non-family occupants. Nationwide, 4.9% of households are occupied by single male householders, 12.6% by single female householders, and 34.3% by non-family occupants. An estimated 65.80% of heads of household own their homes, compared to the national homeownership rate of 63.8%.
English is by far the most commonly spoken language in New Mexico and across the U.S. as a whole. Similarly, in Des Moines, 95.8% of local residents aged 5 and up speak English exclusively, or, if they are multilingual, speak English very well. For context, 91.1% of the 5 and older population across New Mexico only speaks English, or speak it very well, and 91.5% of the same age group nationwide do.
Residents of Des Moines are more likely than the typical American to be married. Of all local residents aged 15 and older, 77.4% are currently married, compared to 48.1% of Americans nationwide in the same age group. Across New Mexico as a whole, 44.8% of residents 15 and older are married.
Divorce is less common in Des Moines than it is across the U.S. as a whole. According to Census estimates, 9.7% of residents 15 and older are divorced — compared to 10.8% of the U.S. population in the same age group. In New Mexico, 13% of the 15 and older population is divorced.
An estimated 8.1% of Des Moines residents 15 and older have never married, compared to one-third of all Americans in the same age group.
In Des Moines, 17.5% of the 18 and older civilian population are veterans — compared to 7.5% of adult civilians nationwide and 9.3% of the civilian population in all of New Mexico.
In Des Moines, adults are more likely to have a high school education than the typical American adult, but are less likely to have a four-year college education. Among Des Moines residents 25 and older, 91.20% have a high school diploma or equivalent, and 17.50% have a bachelor's degree or higher, compared to 87.7% and 31.5% of adults nationwide, respectively. Across New Mexico, 85.3% of adults have graduated high school, and 27.1 have a bachelor’s degree.
The typical household in Des Moines earns $34,545 a year, about $25,700 less than the national median of $60,293 and $13,500 less than the median household income across the state of $48,059.
Serious financial hardship is less common in Des Moines than it is nationwide. The local poverty rate stands at 3.10%, while the national poverty rate is 14.1%. Across the state as a whole, 20% of the population lives below the poverty line.
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