The Best Cities to Live in Car Free

10. Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH
> Transit coverage: 69.4% (36th highest)
> Service frequency (minutes): 8.9 (16th lowest)

> Jobs reachable in 90 minutes: 30.2% (43rd highest)
> Walk score: 79.2 (3rd highest)
> Commuters who bike: 0.7% (21st highest)

The Boston-Cambridge-Quincy metropolitan area’s greatest strength for those without an automobile is the prevalence of dense, easily manageable communities. This makes it exceptionally easy for residents to reach amenities such as groceries, restaurants, shopping and schools. The metropolitan area’s primary city, Boston, has the third-highest walk score in the country. The area’s public transit also has a relatively high service frequency rate, making its use that much more convenient for the city’s residents.

9. Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA
> Transit coverage: 96% (2nd highest)
> Service frequency (minutes): 6.2 (2nd lowest)
> Jobs reachable in 90 minutes: 25.6% (69th highest)
> Walk score: 65.9 (14th highest)
> Commuters who bike: 0.87% (14th highest)

Los Angeles is the second largest city by population in the United States, and its metropolitan area is fairly spread out. Due to its extensive public transit system the area has avoided a complete automobile-based culture. The metro area’s 19 transit systems have more than 500 bus routes. As a result, 96% of neighborhoods are within 0.75 miles to a transit stop — the second highest rate in the country. Better still, commuters can catch a form of public transportation from their nearest stop every 6.2 minutes.

8. Salt Lake City, UT
> Transit coverage: 89% (8th highest)
> Service frequency (minutes): 8.5 (11th lowest)
> Jobs reachable in 90 minutes: 58.9% (2nd highest)
> Walk score: 57.6 (29th highest)
> Commuters who bike: 0.78% (17th highest)

Utah’s population is expected to grow from 2010’s approximately 3 million to 4.4 million in 2030. Salt Lake County accounts for more than one-third of the state’s population. To accommodate this growth, the Utah Transit Authority has plans to add four more lines to its light rail system, TRAX, up from its current three lines. This investment is meant to improve transportation for the suburban and exurban population to the city. In the winter, the UTA runs ski transit lines in addition to its rail and bus services.

7. Denver-Aurora, CO
> Transit coverage: 83.7% (12th highest)
> Service frequency (minutes): 8.1 (10th lowest)
> Jobs reachable in 90 minutes: 47.5% (10th highest)
> Walk score: 60.4 (23rd highest)
> Commuters who bike: 0.79% (16th highest)

Denver has bus service, light rail lines, and an airport shuttle service. The city is currently undergoing a multibillion dollar expansion of its transit system, called the FasTracks Expansion. This plan is meant to increase light rail, commuter rail and bus rapid transit lines. The project, which is expected to be completed in 2019, currently faces a $2 billion shortfall.

6. San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA
> Transit coverage: 95.6% (3rd highest)
> Service frequency (minutes): 6.9 (5th lowest)
> Jobs reachable in 90 minutes: 58.4% (3rd highest)
> Walk score: 54.5 (34th highest)
> Commuters who bike: 1.56% (7th highest)

The San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara metropolitan area’s public transportation is overseen by the Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority. Like Los Angeles, the area relies heavily on buses, running about 100 routes. Public transit covers 95.6% of neighborhoods, the third greatest in the country. Public vehicles also run under 7 minutes apart, the fifth smallest frequency. The metro area also has the seventh highest rate of commuters who travel to work by bicycle.