Special Report

102 American Towns Founded Before the American Revolution

60. Groton, Connecticut
> Founded: 1705
> Population: 8,911

Groton was first settled by the English as part of New London, Connecticut. It became its own incorporated town in 1705.

Source: Government & Heritage Library, State Library of NC / Flickr

61. Bath, North Carolina
> Founded: 1705
> Population: 218

French Protestants from Virginia were the first Europeans to settle in Bath.

62. Brookline, Massachusetts
> Founded: 1705
> Population: 59,180

Brookline, the birthplace of John F. Kennedy, was founded by English settlers. It separated from Boston in 1705.

Source: Asaavedra32 / Wikimedia Commons

63. Albuquerque, New Mexico
> Founded: 1706
> Population: 560,513

Spanish colonists were given permission by King Philip V of Spain to establish the city of Albuquerque.

Source: Washingtoncollege of English Wikipedia / Wikimedia Commons

64. Chestertown, Maryland
> Founded: 1706
> Population: 5,122

A British act promoting trade helped to create Chestertown in the early 18th century.

65. Beaufort, North Carolina
> Founded: 1709
> Population: 4,039

Beaufort, founded by the English, was once the stomping ground of the pirate Blackbeard.

Source: JillLang / Getty Images

66. New Bern, North Carolina
> Founded: 1710
> Population: 29,994

New Bern, the birthplace of the soft drink Pepsi Cola, was founded by Baron Christopher de Graffenried of Switzerland.

67. Pembroke, Massachusetts
> Founded: 1711
> Population: 17,837

English settlers founded Pembroke, which claims to be the first colonial town to publicly rebel against the British Empire.

Source: TMarantette / Getty Images

68. Beaufort, South Carolina
> Founded: 1711
> Population: 192,122

Beaufort is the second-oldest city in South Carolina, after Charleston. Captain Jean Ribaut of France was exploring the coast from Florida to South Carolina, when he eventually landed in Beaufort in 1562. The French, Spanish, and other groups unsuccessfully tried to colonize the area. Finally, the British founded the city in 1711.

69. Lexington, Massachusetts
> Founded: 1713
> Population: 32,936

Lexington, where the Revolution began, was carved by colonists out of the agricultural region called Cambridge.

70. Oxford, Massachusetts
> Founded: 1713
> Population: 5,927

Oxford was initially settled by French Protestant Huguenots. It is also the birthplace of Clara Barton, the founder of the American Red Cross.