There’s an old saying that the best time to apply for a loan is when you don’t need one. A corollary, perhaps, is that the best time to get a checking account is when you have plenty of money and don’t plan to write very many checks.
The average checking account has about 22 total fees and some have up to 50. A full 60% of checking accounts charge 20 to 40 different fees. Annual fees could cost as much as $810, according to a survey published Wednesday by WalletHub, which compared annual checking account costs at 30 of the largest consumer-facing U.S. banks and five of the largest credit unions for five different types of customers. The researchers also ranked the institutions on the transparency of the fees they charge.
Regarding transparency, WalletHub noted that the sheer number of checking account fees “prevents effective product comparison and decreases the likelihood that consumers will find the best checking accounts for their needs.” Fee disclosures are often described differently, and the extent to which the fees are detailed varies widely, further hindering comparison shopping. In general, WalletHub noted, credit unions are more transparent about key account terms than branch-based accounts. However, online-only institutions provide the most visibility overall.
The study’s five customer types are characterized with the following labels:
- Old school: Uses direct deposit, never uses out-of-network ATMs or online banking tools, never has an overdraft or travels internationally, and writes checks instead of using debit card.
- Young: Uses direct deposit and online banking tools, occasionally uses an out-of-network ATM and may have an overdraft, but writes no checks and does not travel or bank internationally.
- Cash strapped: Does not use direct deposit, does use out-of-network ATMs and online banking tools, does write checks and “frequently” has an overdraft. No international banking.
- Everyday Joe: Uses direct deposit, but no need for international banking. Occasionally uses an out-of-network ATM and online banking tools, writes checks and may have an overdraft occasionally. No need for international services.
- International and on the move: Never has an overdraft, frequently travels overseas and uses international banking services. Other services are used as well.
Based on these attributes, the average checking account cost for a “cash-strapped” consumer is $522. But a careful cash-strapped consumer could save $423 a year by choosing a Charles Schwab Bank High Yield Investor Checking account, which charges no fees and pays an annual percentage rate of 0.06% — admittedly not much, but not nothing either.
At the other end of the checking account spectrum for cash-strapped consumers is the SunTrust Bank Select Checking account, which could cost up to $810.71 in fees, depending on overdraft charges and other fees.
For “old-school” consumers, the Navy Federal Credit Union Flagship checking account would actually pay you interest of $17.50 a year on a minimum balance of $5,000. The credit union does have membership requirements. There are nine other institutions that either charge no fees or pay interest on checking account funds.
For “young” consumers, WalletHub has identified seven institutions that charge no fees, while one could charge up to $300 annually.
“Everyday Joe” consumers could pay between nothing (at one institution) and $400 at another. Consumers who travel internationally and need international banking services could pay a low $43.50 annual fee or a high fee of $572.66.