Russia and Iran Discuss Using Stablecoin Backed by Gold for Foreign Trade

Russia and Iran are in talks to launch a joint gold-pegged stablecoin that would be used as a payment method for settling foreign trade, a Russian news outlet reported on Monday. The new cryptocurrency would enable cross-border transactions and replace traditional currencies like the US dollar and the Russian ruble.

New Gold-pegged Stablecoin Could Be Used in Foreign Trade

Iran’s central bank and the Russian government are considering launching a new gold-backed stablecoin that would serve as means of payment in foreign trade, according to the Russian news agency Vedomosti. The new cryptocurrency would be pegged to gold and accepted in Astrakhan, a city and a special economic zone where Russia accepts Iranian cargo.

According to Alexander Brazhnikov, executive director of the Russian Association of Crypto Industry and Blockchain, the stablecoin would aim to facilitate cross-border transactions and replace fiat currencies. However, Russian lawmaker Anton Tkachev said the project would only be possible once the crypto market is completely regulated in Russia, which is expected to occur later this year.

Russia’s central bank does not support the use of cryptocurrencies as a payment method in the country, though it favors using them for import and export. Following Russia’s invasion of Ukraine in February 2022, the EU banned European companies from providing any crypto-related services to Russians.

Iran and Russia Continue Driving Crypto Adoption in Foreign Trade

Similarly, Iran also banned its residents from using crypto to make payments, but the Western Asian nation has been actively working to boost crypto adoption in foreign trade. Last August, Iran completed its first-ever $10 million import of goods using cryptocurrency.

Later that month, Iran also passed a bill allowing local businesses to use crypto for imports. Shortly afterward, Iran also launched a central bank digital currency (CBDC) pilot in partnership with two local banks.

Meanwhile, Russia has repeatedly changed its stance on cryptocurrencies and their use cases. Last year, the Russian Central Bank allowed crypto payments for foreign transactions. Just a few days later, President Vladimir Putin signed a law banning digital financial assets as a means of payment.

In September, Russia’s Ministry of Finance and Central bank reached a milestone agreement on cross-border crypto payments. The two parties agreed on a draft of a bill intended to regulate the acquisition and use of digital assets in the country.

This article originally appeared on The Tokenist

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