1. Anthony, NM
> Date of incorporation: 1/5/10
> Population: 9,360
The twin towns of Anthony, New Mexico and Anthony, Texas are located on the border between the two states. While the Texas town has been incorporated for over half a century, New Mexico’s Anthony was only incorporated in January of 2010. Nearly 27% of voters opposed the measure. Those in favor believed their community had “languished over the years under the jurisdiction of Dona Ana County government and that forming a city will give residents direct control over their fate,” thereby solving a number of local problems, according to the Associated Press. Opponents feared higher taxes and increased government involvement. Following incorporation, residents went to the polls to elect a mayor, trustees and a municipal judge for the first time, according to the Las Cruces Sun-News.
2. Coyote Flats, TX
> Date of incorporation: 3/8/10
> Population: 312
Coyote Flats is a small Texas city with a population of just over 300. One of the primary reasons for incorporation was to avoid being annexed by the neighboring city of Keene — a move that was attempted in 2009, according to the Cleburne Times-Review. The paper notes that annexation would cause residents of the area now known as Coyote Flats to face Keene city regulations, taxes and fees. Coyote Flats taxes are significantly lower than Keene’s, according to the paper. According to the Texas State Historical Association, Coyote Flats is available in the “Adopt-A-Town” program. According to the site, “After you select a county or town, you can adopt it by completing the online form. You can adopt the town for yourself or dedicate it to a loved one, to family pioneers or promote a business.” Donations to the program funds state wide educational programs.
3. Tusayan, AZ
> Date of incorporation: 3/26/10
> Population: 558
When asked about the reasons behind Tusayan’s incorporation, Mayor Greg Bryan told 24/7 Wall St. that residents wished to “take control of [their] own destiny” and “make decisions locally.” The primary driving force, however, was to provide affordable housing. Before incorporation, Tusayan had developed into a company town. The vast majority of property was — and largely still is — owned by a small number of companies. As a result, residents could not find housing if they did not work for one of the companies. Worse still, when residents lost their jobs they lost their homes. Incorporation has allowed a town housing authority to address this issue. Once the town was incorporated, it gave the community the opportunity to work with the adjacent Grand Canyon National Park. The closest town to the Park’s entrance has joined forces with a number of new developers to raise its profile as a resort destination.
4. Providence Village, TX
> Date of incorporation: 5/8/10
> Population: 5,000
Just 10 years ago, Providence Village was little more than cow pasture. Developers then came to the area and created a number of planned communities. These communities had several problems, including structural and control issues for residents, and poor policing capabilities, according to Connie Hansen, current town secretary. Providence Village was one of the first master-planned communities in the area, and is surrounded by other communities that could incorporate in the future, Hansen says.