Special Report

10 Countries Sheltering the Most Refugees

7. Kenya
> Total refugee population:
551,352
> Total native population: 41.8 million
> Est. number of refugees admitted in 2014: 79,000
> Country of origin of most refugees: South Sudan

Kenya is host to more than 550,000 refugees, or 3.8% of the world’s refugee population. In 2014, 67,000 refugees fled South Sudan, seeking protection in Kenya. To the northeast, violence in Somalia has been another source of refugees fleeing to find protection in Kenya. Since the 1980s, Somalia has been embroiled in civil wars, clan factionalism, and state collapse. What little government exists, has little authority or ability to protect its citizens. Nearly 12,000 Somalis sought protection in Kenya in 2014.

6. Jordan
> Total refugee population:
654,141
> Total native population: 6.5 million
> Est. number of refugees admitted in 2014: 119,000
> Country of origin of most refugees: Syria

As one of the more stable countries in the Middle East, Jordan has accepted a number of refugees escaping violence and persecution in Iraq and Syria. Roughly 119,000 refugees entered the country from Syria in 2014, many travelling to Amman, the country’s capital. Prior to 2013, Jordan harbored fewer than 100,000 refugees — a small number relative to the number it is currently hosting. Today, more than 650,000 refugees reside in Jordan, or 87.2 refugees per 1,000 Jordanians, the second highest such ratio in the world. Without further support from the international community, Jordan’s capacity to host refugees, given its proximity to areas of conflict, will likely decrease dramatically.

5. Ethiopia
> Total refugee population:
659,524
> Total native population: 88.9 million
> Est. number of refugees admitted in 2014: 236,000
> Country of origin of most refugees: South Sudan

Ethiopia became the top host country for refugees in Africa in 2014, a title Kenya has held since 2010. More than 580,000 refugees have arrived in Ethiopia since 2008, including 236,000 in 2014 alone. This was one of the largest increases in the world over that time. By the end of 2014, a total of nearly 660,000 refugees found protection in the east African country. The majority of the increase was driven by refugees from South Sudan, with refugees from Eritrea, Somalia, and Sudan totalling more than 46,000 last year. As in many countries around the world, children make up the bulk of refugees in Ethiopia. Last year, 58% of all refugees in the country were under 18 years old, the 10th highest such share in the world.