Special Report

States With the Most Hate Groups

Source: Shawn Breen / Wikimedia Commons

17. Oklahoma
> Hate groups in 2020: 3.01 per million people (total: 12)
> Pct. pop. identifying as white: 64.9% (20th lowest)
> Pct. pop. foreign born: 6.1% (21st lowest)
> Median household income: $54,449 (8th lowest)
> Largest hate group headquartered in state: N/A

With 12 hate groups active in the state, according to the Southern Poverty Law Center, Oklahoma is one of 17 states in which there were more than 3 hate groups per million residents in 2020. Among the dozen active hate groups in the state are racist skinhead groups like VInlanders Social Club and Firm 22, neo-Confederate group League of the South, white nationalist groups like Patriot Front as well as hate groups that do not fit neatly into those categories as designated by the SPLC, like Nation of Islam and Proud Boys.

Like nearly every other state with an outsized share of hate groups, Oklahoma has a very low share of foreign-born residents, at just 6.1% of the population.

Source: Spencer Platt / Getty Images News via Getty Images

16. Mississippi
> Hate groups in 2020: 3.03 per million people (total: 9)
> Pct. pop. identifying as white: 56.3% (12th lowest)
> Pct. pop. foreign born: 2.1% (2nd lowest)
> Median household income: $45,792 (the lowest)
> Largest hate group headquartered in state: American Family Association

The number of active hate groups in Mississippi has declined sharply over the past decade — from 41 in 2011 to nine in 2020. The state, which had the most hate groups per capita in 2011 at 13.8 per million Mississippians, now ranks 16th at 3.03 per million residents.

States with higher rates of hate groups tend to struggle with poverty, and Mississippi is no exception. In the Southern state, 19.6% of residents are living in poverty — the highest poverty rate of all states and well above the U.S. poverty rate of 12.3%.

Source: ACT for America via Facebook

15. Delaware
> Hate groups in 2020: 3.04 per million people (total: 3)
> Pct. pop. identifying as white: 61.3% (17th lowest)
> Pct. pop. foreign born: 10.0% (17th highest)
> Median household income: $70,176 (16th highest)
> Largest hate group headquartered in state: N/A

Delaware had three active hate groups in 2020 — anti-Muslim group Act For America, and general hate groups Israelite School of Universal Practical Knowledge and Nation of Islam. These two general hate groups are known for their black supremacist ideologies.

States with higher numbers of hate groups per capita tend to struggle economically, but this is not the case in Delaware. The state’s median annual household income of over $70,000 is well above the U.S. median household income of $65,712. Delaware’s poverty rate of 11.3% is also a full percentage point lower than the U.S. poverty rate.

Source: Public Domain / Wikimedia Commons

14. Missouri
> Hate groups in 2020: 3.09 per million people (total: 19)
> Pct. pop. identifying as white: 79.1% (13th highest)
> Pct. pop. foreign born: 4.3% (10th lowest)
> Median household income: $57,409 (13th lowest)
> Largest hate group headquartered in state: Council of Conservative Citizens

Missouri is one of just two Midwestern states with among the most hate groups per capita. The state has 19 total hate groups, promoting anti-Muslim, neo-Nazi, white nationalist, and other hateful ideologies.

Missouri is one of the least racially diverse states in the country, as 79.1% of state residents identify as white. Nationwide, 60% of American residents identify as white. Just 4.3% of Missouri residents were born in a different country, less than a third of the U.S. rate of foreign-born residents.

Source: Gerardo Mora / Getty Images News via Getty Images

13. Florida
> Hate groups in 2020: 3.13 per million people (total: 68)
> Pct. pop. identifying as white: 53.0% (8th lowest)
> Pct. pop. foreign born: 21.1% (4th highest)
> Median household income: $59,227 (17th lowest)
> Largest hate group headquartered in state: Vinlanders Social Club

Florida ranks second in the country in the total number of hate groups active in 2020, with 68 — 13 more than in 2011. No other state added even 10 hate groups in that time period.

The largest hate group in Florida is the Vinlanders Social Club, which is a racist skinhead group that opposes racial integration. The state is also home to multiple chapters of other hate groups like the Ku Klux Klan, the League of the South, Nation of Islam, Proud Boys, and several neo-Nazi groups.