Special Report

All of the Former Soviet Republics and What They're Called Today

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Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic
> Joined the U.S.S.R.: 1936
> Declared independence: Dec. 16, 1991
> Name today: Kazakhstan
> Population (2022): 19,205,043

Source: LUKASZ-NOWAK1 / iStock via Getty Images

Kirghiz Soviet Socialist Republic
> Joined the U.S.S.R.: 1936
> Declared independence: Aug. 31, 1991
> Name today: Kyrgyzstan
> Population (2022): 6,728,271

Source: Marcus Lindstrom / E+ via Getty Images

Latvian Soviet Socialist Republic
> Joined the U.S.S.R.: 1940
> Declared independence: May 4, 1990
> Name today: Latvia
> Population (2022): 1,848,837

Source: ewg3D / E+ via Getty Images

Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic
> Joined the U.S.S.R.: 1940
> Declared independence: March 11, 1990
> Name today: Lithuania
> Population (2022): 2,661,708

Source: Calin Stan / Getty Images

Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
> Joined the U.S.S.R.: 1940
> Declared independence: Aug. 27, 1991
> Name today: Moldova
> Population (2022): 4,013,171

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