Special Report

Countries That Suffered the Most Civilian Casualties in World War II

Source: Unknown author - © VARCHIV · Mesarchives · Nosarchives Le Catalogue général de la Bibliothèque nationale de France La maison d'édition "Politique nationale-Vérité" du Viêtnam / Public Domain / Wikimedia Commons

5. French Indochina
> Civilian deaths: 1,000,000 – 1,500,000
> Military deaths:
> Total deaths: 1,000,000 – 2,200,000
> Est. population 1939: 24,664,000
> Deaths as pct. of population: 4.1% – 8.1%

Source: pilesasmiles / iStock Unreleased via Getty Images

4. India
> Civilian deaths: 1,413,000 – 2,413,000 (mostly due to famine)
> Military deaths: 24,338 – 87,000
> Total deaths: 1,500,000 – 3,080,000
> Est. population 1939: 377,800,000
> Deaths as pct. of population: 0.6%

3. Soviet Union
> Civilian deaths: 4,500,000 – 15,200,000
> Military deaths: 8,668,000 – 11,400,000
> Total deaths: 18,000,000 – 27,000,000
> Est. population 1939: 188,793,000
> Deaths as pct. of population: 9.5% – 14.3%

Source: slowcentury / iStock Editorial via Getty Images

2. Poland
> Civilian deaths: 5,360,000 – 5,820,000
> Military deaths: 123,178 – 240,000
> Total deaths: 5,600,000 – 6,000,000
> Est. population 1939: 34,849,000
> Deaths as pct. of population: 16.9% – 17.2%

Source: DenGuy / iStock via Getty Images

1. China
> Civilian deaths: 7,357,000 – 17,000,000
> Military deaths: 1,310,000 – 4,000,000
> Total deaths: 15,000,000 – 20,000,000
> Est. population 1939: 517,568,000
> Deaths as pct. of population: 2.9% – 3.9%

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