Special Report

How Michigan's Economy Compares to Other States

The COVID-19 pandemic sent economic shockwaves through the U.S. economy, tripling the monthly unemployment to nearly 15% and leading to a more than 30% quarterly decline in GDP — by far the largest economic contraction in U.S. history.

No corner of the country was untouched by the pandemic’s economic consequences — but some states have emerged better off than others. A range of factors, including industrial diversity, labor force education levels, household income, and long-term GDP growth, have an effect on a state’s overall economic strength — and its ability to withstand the impact of the pandemic.

To determine the states with the best and worst economies, both in the years leading up to the pandemic and during it, 24/7 Wall St. created an index of five measures — five-year economic growth, five-year employment growth, the poverty rate, unemployment rate, and share of adults with a bachelor’s degree or higher.

There are over a quarter million fewer people working in Michigan today than there were at this time last year. Job losses attributable to the pandemic contributed to a 2.7% decline in overall employment in the state from 2016 to 2021, one of the larger employment declines among states.

Economic growth has also been stagnant in Michigan in recent years. Due in part to a 4.2% economic contraction in the last year, Michigan’s five-year average annual GDP growth rate was just 0.4%, less than one-third the comparable 1.4% national growth rate.

All index components used to create this ranking were included at equal weight. All data used to create the index came from the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the U.S. Census Bureau. Additional state level data on economic output by industry from the Bureau of Economic Analysis. This is how all 50 state economies rank.

Rank State Poverty rate March 2021 unemployment rate Avg. annual employment chg., March 2016 to March 2021 Avg. annual GDP chg., Q4 2015 to Q4 2020
1 Utah 8.9% 2.9% +2.0% +3.9%
2 Idaho 11.2% 3.2% +2.3% +3.9%
3 Washington 9.8% 5.4% +1.2% +4.3%
4 Colorado 9.3% 6.4% +1.4% +2.8%
5 New Hampshire 7.3% 3.0% +0.2% +0.6%
6 Nebraska 9.9% 2.9% +0.0% +1.2%
7 Minnesota 9.0% 4.2% -0.1% +1.1%
8 Massachusetts 9.4% 6.8% +0.2% +1.4%
9 Georgia 13.3% 4.5% +1.7% +2.2%
10 Oregon 11.4% 6.0% +0.9% +2.8%
11 Virginia 9.9% 5.1% -0.2% +1.2%
12 Kansas 11.4% 3.7% +0.2% +1.1%
13 Montana 12.6% 3.8% +0.5% +1.2%
14 South Dakota 11.9% 2.9% +0.6% +0.8%
15 Florida 12.7% 4.7% +0.9% +2.2%
16 Maryland 9.0% 6.2% -0.6% +1.0%
17 Arizona 13.5% 6.7% +1.9% +2.9%
18 Wisconsin 10.4% 3.8% -0.2% +0.8%
19 Vermont 10.2% 2.9% -1.9% -0.1%
20 North Carolina 13.6% 5.2% +0.8% +1.7%
21 Indiana 11.9% 3.9% +0.1% +1.5%
22 South Carolina 13.8% 5.1% +0.9% +1.8%
23 Maine 10.9% 4.8% -0.7% +1.0%
24 Alabama 15.5% 3.8% +1.3% +1.1%
25 Tennessee 13.9% 5.0% +1.2% +1.0%
26 Missouri 12.9% 4.2% -0.0% +0.7%
27 New Jersey 9.2% 7.7% -0.9% +0.3%
28 Iowa 11.2% 3.7% -0.9% +0.3%
29 Ohio 13.1% 4.7% +0.0% +0.7%
30 North Dakota 10.6% 4.4% -0.6% -0.4%
31 Texas 13.6% 6.9% +0.6% +1.7%
32 California 11.8% 8.3% -0.6% +2.4%
33 Delaware 11.3% 6.5% +0.4% -0.6%
34 Nevada 12.5% 8.1% +1.5% +1.9%
35 Michigan 13.0% 5.1% -0.6% +0.4%
36 Wyoming 10.1% 5.3% -0.4% -1.6%
37 Rhode Island 10.8% 7.1% -0.8% -0.5%
38 Oklahoma 15.2% 4.2% +0.4% -0.6%
39 Pennsylvania 12.0% 7.3% -0.8% +0.6%
40 Illinois 11.5% 7.1% -1.6% +0.2%
41 New York 13.0% 8.5% -0.8% +0.8%
42 Arkansas 16.2% 4.4% +0.1% +0.6%
43 Alaska 10.1% 6.6% -0.8% -0.8%
44 Connecticut 10.0% 8.3% -2.4% +0.1%
45 Kentucky 16.3% 5.0% -0.1% +0.5%
46 Hawaii 9.3% 9.0% -2.1% -0.5%
47 West Virginia 16.0% 5.9% +0.3% -0.2%
48 New Mexico 18.2% 8.3% -0.1% +1.1%
49 Mississippi 19.6% 6.3% +0.1% +0.5%
50 Louisiana 19.0% 7.3% -0.8% +0.3%