Special Report

Where Washington Ranks Among States Getting the Most Sleep

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A third of Americans are getting less sleep than is recommended. While insufficient sleep is often considered rather common, it can have significant and adverse effects on people’s health. After only one night with too little sleep, a person’s cognitive abilities can be dramatically diminished short term.

Generally, it is recommended that adults sleep about seven or more hours each night, but sleeping habits vary considerably across the country.

About 31.8% of Washington residents over the age of 18 report less than seven hours of sleep per night, the 7th lowest share in the country. Nationwide, 35.2% of Americans that age report insufficient sleep.

In addition to cognitive abilities, sleeping less than seven hours per night on a regular basis is associated with a range of adverse physical health effects, including increased risk of diabetes, high blood pressure, and coronary heart disease.

In Washington, 29.5% of people report having high blood pressure, the 9th lowest share in the U.S. Across the country as a whole, 32.9% of Americans have hypertension. About 9.3% of the state’s population 20 and over have diabetes, the 11th lowest share and compared to a national diabetes prevalence in people 20 and over of 10.5%

Lack of sleep has been shown to be a contributing factor to obesity. Sleep deprivation messes with the two hormones that control appetite — ghrelin, which signals hunger, and leptin, which signals being full.

Lack of sleep leads to increased levels of ghrelin (increased appetite) and decreased levels of leptin (diminished feeling of fullness). About 28.6% of adults in Washington are obese, the 17th lowest share in the U.S. and compared to national obesity rate among adults of 29.7%.

Low income levels appear to increase the likelihood of a population not getting enough sleep. This is likely caused by residents working longer hours at lower-paying jobs and the higher level of stress from financial insecurity. Nationwide, 12.3% of residents live below the poverty line. The poverty rate in Washington is 9.8%, the 9th lowest.

To determine the states where residents report getting the most and least sleep, 24/7 Tempo reviewed the share of adults in every state who report sleeping less than seven hours per night on a regular basis. These are the states getting the most and least amount of sleep.

 

Rank State Pct. of population reporting insufficient sleep Pct. of adults with hypertension Adult obesity rate Poverty rate
1 Hawaii 43.2% 30.59 24.6% 9.3%
2 West Virginia 42.5% 43.54 37.8% 16.0%
3 Kentucky 42.1% 39.36 34.6% 16.3%
4 Tennessee 40.8% 38.66 33.3% 13.9%
5 Ohio 40.6% 34.69 33.5% 13.1%
6 Michigan 40.4% 34.73 32.4% 13.0%
7 Alabama 39.6% 41.86 36.1% 15.5%
8 New York 38.9% 29.41 26.4% 13.0%
9 South Carolina 38.8% 38.08 34.0% 13.8%
10 Pennsylvania 38.6% 32.61 30.8% 12.0%
11 Virginia 38.6% 32.37 30.5% 9.9%
12 Georgia 38.3% 33.08 32.3% 13.3%
13 Louisiana 38.0% 39.01 36.3% 19.0%
14 Indiana 38.0% 35.24 33.9% 11.9%
15 Mississippi 37.8% 40.77 39.1% 19.6%
16 Maryland 37.7% 32.38 31.6% 9.0%
17 New Jersey 37.5% 32.98 27.0% 9.2%
18 Oklahoma 37.5% 37.71 34.5% 15.2%
19 Florida 37.3% 34.57 27.2% 12.7%
20 Nevada 37.3% 32.65 27.1% 12.5%
21 Arkansas 37.2% 41.35 35.0% 16.2%
22 Rhode Island 36.7% 33.09 28.5% 10.8%
23 Delaware 36.5% 34.9 32.4% 11.3%
24 North Carolina 36.1% 34.75 32.3% 13.6%
25 New Hampshire 35.3% 30.01 28.6% 7.3%
26 Missouri 35.2% 32.04 32.5% 12.9%
27 Arizona 34.9% 30.65 27.9% 13.5%
28 Maine 34.5% 34.79 29.8% 10.9%
29 California 34.5% 28.36 24.3% 11.8%
30 Texas 34.4% 32.5 31.4% 13.6%
31 Massachusetts 34.3% 28.57 25.0% 9.4%
32 Kansas 34.0% 32.77 33.0% 11.4%
33 Connecticut 33.8% 30.49 26.3% 10.0%
34 Wyoming 33.8% 30.76 29.2% 10.1%
35 Illinois 33.5% 32.25 29.7% 11.5%
36 Idaho 33.4% 29.8 29.0% 11.2%
37 Alaska 33.3% 31.81 31.9% 10.1%
38 Iowa 33.1% 31.48 34.3% 11.2%
39 New Mexico 33.1% 30.48 27.3% 18.2%
40 Oregon 32.8% 30.13 29.3% 11.4%
41 North Dakota 32.8% 29.53 33.9% 10.6%
42 Wisconsin 32.7% 30.76 31.7% 10.4%
43 Nebraska 32.3% 30.62 33.4% 9.9%
44 Washington 31.8% 29.53 28.6% 9.8%
45 Utah 31.2% 24.45 27.0% 8.9%
46 Montana 30.9% 29 27.1% 12.6%
47 Vermont 30.1% 30.39 27.0% 10.2%
48 South Dakota 30.1% 30.81 32.4% 11.9%
49 Colorado 30.0% 25.91 22.4% 9.3%
50 Minnesota 29.1% 26.6 29.0% 9.0%

 

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