It is not usual for an acquirer to see its stock drop on an announcement that it is making a large acquisition. After all, the acquiring company is technically diluting the shareholders in many cases. And there are things such as regulatory risks, integration risks and potential culture clashes of the acquiring company and the employees of the company being acquired. That said, in many acquisitions of late an acquirer has gotten instant shareholder approval by an immediate stock price gain after making an acquisition announcement.
When the announcement was made that the enterprise and cloud software giant Salesforce.com Inc. (NYSE: CRM) was acquiring Tableau Software Inc. (NYSE: DATA) for $15.3 billion in an all-stock transaction, it might not be surprising to market historians that Salesforce’s shares fell. The problem is how much the shares fell, and how the shares react in the coming days could pose a threat to the long-term direction for Salesforce shares.
With a San Francisco tech giant like Salesforce trying to integrate this Seattle-based data visualization player, some issues may be there around the price paid to make the acquisition. Tableau Data’s acquisition price of $15.3 billion generated close to a 35% premium for the stock. With shares at over $165 a share on last look, the purchase price compared with a more recent $112.50 share price and was a handy premium to the recent and all-time high of about $132.50 prior to this move.
As far as the $15.3 billion purchase price, that was before the Salesforce stock reaction and it compares with $125 billion pre-drop value for Salesforce measured by market cap. Salesforce, which does not have a calendar year-end, had $13.3 billion in fiscal 2019 revenues, and the consensus from Refinitiv is for $16.1 billion in sales this year and $19.3 billion next year.
Tableau Software had $983 million in 2018 revenues, and the analysts in the Refinitiv universe project it will have revenues of $1.37 billion in 2019 and $1.64 billion in 2019.
The good news so far is that, after its stock was down as much 8% in early trading, Salesforce shares were down about 6% at $151.50 on last look.
By acquiring Tableau Software for its solid position in as an analytics platform, Salesforce should be able to juice up its current product offerings in sales, marketing, costs, operations and customer service.
The proposed acquisition is not expected to close immediately, but it was projected to negatively impact 2020 non-GAAP earnings by $0.37 to $0.39 per share. That is against last year’s non-GAAP earnings of $1.43 per share.
For those industry watchers who look for the next perfect mergers, Tableau Data had been mentioned in prior years as a potential acquisition target. The difference between then and now was billions of dollars in market cap, but that is true for both companies. This deal also exponentially trumps the Salesforce acquisition of Mulesoft and of Demandware.
For pure technicians, chartists are going to want to watch closely how much Salesforce deviates from the $151.00 or so level in the days and weeks ahead. There have been at least some growth concerns and serious pullbacks over the past year, and Salesforce shares did briefly break under $125.00 last November and December (before screaming higher).
It’s also probably unfair to compare the chart pattern of Symantec prior to its announced acquisition of Veritas because of the complementary businesses that Salesforce has by owning Tableau Software. That said, the Symantec move broke what had been a stellar chart pattern as the company was struggling to maintain its prior growth.
Marc Benioff has been a rather nimble manager and has done incredibly well for Salesforce shareholders over time. He also has proven over and over that buying the stock on pullbacks has been a winning strategy for patient investors. It feels too soon for investors to overly panic about the Salesforce chart. That said, this initial share price reaction needs to be monitored closely, particularly as the organic business growth of Salesforce is apt to begin to mature in the coming years, when it may have to look for more growth via more acquisitions.