1. Take Some Profits Off the Table!
Many market pundits gave 1,900 to 2,000 as their S&P 500 price targets for 2014 or 2015. The S&P 500 was above 1,920 on late Friday, and the Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) was challenging 16,700. If you want to keep your assets in the market for upside but are worried about downside, you can start shaving off part of your positions in your portfolio. You will have some great gains that can be locked in, and you will force yourself into taking profits with the market at all-time highs. You can start by trimming 10% to 25% off of your positions. This locks in profits, and it gives you new cash to buy new stocks you wanted to own at lower prices if that correction really comes.
2. Put Options Are Your Friend!
One very easy strategy to lock in gains is to buy options. You can buy them against the S&P 500, the DJIA, or likely on just about any large cap stock you own. The good news here is that you can lock in your downside (or lock in your upside) by picking a strike price that is 5% or 10% under the current price. And you can pick any month of expiration that you want as well. Buying put options is a simple way of downside protection — think of it as insurance on your portfolio.
3. Write Call Options … And Make Even More Money!
One tool that many investors use to drive their returns higher through time is by writing call options. This forces a sale if the stock rises, and your effective sale price becomes the strike price plus whatever premium you receive from selling the call option. Some investors do this with their stock holdings each and every month or quarter. In this case you are forced out of your shares if they move up more than you expected, and you collect income from writing that option too.
4. Collars Are Not Just For Your Pets!
One strategy that investors do not use as often as they should is the “costless collar.” This is letting someone else pay for your portfolio insurance, and a blend of puts and calls from above. It is cheaper than paying the higher costs of insuring your whole portfolio. A costless collar strategy is one in which investors sell call options on their stocks and simultaneously buying “out of the money” S&P 500 index puts with the call option premium collected.
5. Remember Inverse or Short-Selling ETFs?
If investors want to shield themselves from a market correction, or crash, they can always buy the short-selling exchange traded funds (ETFs). For the S&P 500, there is the ProShares Short S&P 500 (NYSEMKT: SH), which is simply the inverse of the S&P 500. Then there is the Pro Shares UltraPro Short S&P 500 (NYSEMKT: SPXU) ETF, which is actually two times short the S&P 500. Just keep in mind that short ETFs might not replicate the exact downside of the market. One other option is the AdvisorShares Ranger Equity Bear ETF (NYSEMKT: HDGE), which acts like a short-only hedge fund. This one actively screens for over-sauced stocks that have accounting and business weakness.
6. Play the Short Game Yourself!
If you want to keep upside in your existing portfolio but think stocks are getting too juicy, then you can start selecting a basket of stocks that you think would be vulnerable if the market sells off much. Then you can short sell these stocks. Just always keep in mind that you have unlimited downside when you are short a stock. There is a reason that short selling is often avoided by the public, and why so few people actually short sell.
7. Rotate and Look for Dividends!
So you have great gains in your major industrials, biotechs, financials and tech stocks. One way to keep upside in the stock market without taking too much implied risk ahead is to rotate out of your growth stocks into defensive stocks. These would be sectors such as boring consumer products, food and beverage, utilities, tobacco and maybe Big Pharma stocks. Generally these will come with higher dividends than other stocks. Still, which stock will fall more in a market correction: Merck or Amgen?
8. Focus on Buybacks!
Many investors have decided to focus on stocks that consistently keep buying back their shares. We have often seen solid buybacks outperform dividends in ETFs. One such ETF would be the AdvisorShares TrimTabs Float Shrink ETF (NYSEMKT: TTFS), which selects buybacks that are aimed at true float contraction. Then there is the much more liquid and better known PowerShares Buyback Achievers (NYSEMKT: PKW) ETF. This returned 45.5% to investors in 2013, compared with about 30% for the S&P 500.
9. Limit Yourself!
Many investors worry that if they set limit orders their stocks will magically fall to that level and then turn around. That can happen in a flash crash, but it is unlikely to happen to every stock in a diversified portfolio at once. You can set up limit orders that would lock in a sale at a fixed price, and you can do that if the bid falls under a certain price OR if the price rises above a certain level. How do you think fund managers and their teams go on vacation with very few people in the office around holidays? They often preset buy and sell orders based around price limits and stop loss orders. If you are too scared to do this, then you can even create mental sell limits — but you better make a written contract with yourself to make you live up to it if and when a level is hit.
10. Get a Conservative Financial Advisor!
Many investors have taken the do-it-yourself route for a long time now. Some investors bought at the top in 2007 and sold into the crash in late 2008 and early 2009, feeling a bit silly. Turning your assets over to a professional may shield you from your own mistakes. Just don’t forget what we said earlier – most financial advisors and fund managers also lose money in down markets. Some people just feel better turning decisions over to others, even if it means that they might not pay only $9.95 per transaction thereafter.
11. Follow Old People — Into Bonds!
It was a real struggle to include bond buying as a strategy in 2014 to protect against a market crash. After all, market pundits almost unanimously agree that interest rates should rise in 2015 and beyond. That will not be good for bonds. One strategy is to just stick with lower duration notes, say five-year Treasuries and shorter. You can even make a whole 1.5% per year on a five-year Treasury note (oh joy!). If that is too low, you can buy tax-free municipal bonds or high-grade corporate bonds too. The returns on short duration bonds are just so low that you will not even know they are there, but sometimes that safety of principal outweighs the desire to make returns on top of principal.