Investing

Every Gun in the Modern Israeli Military

NatanFlayer / Wikimedia Commons

Israel is amassing its troops on the Gaza border in preparation for what many experts believe will be a protracted military operation in response to a deadly assault by the terrorist group Hamas on Oct. 7 that left over 1,400 Israelis dead. Hamas has also taken over 200 people hostage, including children and the very elderly. What artillery and air strikes are not able to accomplish in Israel’s goal to root out Hamas will be left to the troops on the ground. This will require incredible manpower and even more guns. (These are the national borders on the brink of war.)

Unlike many other nations, Israel manufactures a fair amount of its own small arms and has been doing so for over half a century. With the evolution of its arms industry over the years and the continual march forward of technology, Israeli firearms have only improved over time. 

To determine the firearms in the modern Israeli Military, 24/7 Wall St. reviewed a catalog of small arms from Military Factory. We organized the small arms used by the Israeli Defense Force alphabetically. We also included supplementary data from Military Factory regarding the year of introduction, type, country of origin, manufacturer, firing action, maximum effective range, caliber, and feed.

It is worth noting that roughly a third of the firearms on the list are produced in-house by Israeli arms manufacturers, primarily by the company Israel Weapons Industries. While these firearms are manufactured in Israel, they mostly use standardized NATO rounds. Most of the rounds being used are of a smaller caliber, with the exception of heavy machine guns and sniper rifles.

The IWI Galil ACE is one of the newest firearms in the Israeli arsenal, only entering service in 2008. Like many other Israeli-made firearms, the Galil ACE is chambered for the 5.56x45mm NATO or 7.62x51mm NATO rounds, with a maximum effective range of roughly 1,650 feet. It has also been used by multiple other militaries, including Ukraine and South Sudan. (These are the world’s top 20 most elite special forces.)

Another staple of the Israeli arsenal is the IWI Galil Sniper (Galatz), which is an addition to the Galil family of rifles. The original 5.56x45mm NATO chambering for the Galil was altered to accommodate the heavier 7.62x51mm NATO round, which performs better at longer distances. Like other iterations of the Galil, the Galatz is gas-operated with a rotating bolt but was upgraded with a heavy-duty precision barrel, an adjustable folding bipod, and a telescopic sight.

Here is a look at the small arms used by the Israeli Military:

Armsel Striker
> Type: Semi-automatic shotgun
> Country of origin: South Africa
> Manufacturer: Armsel / Sentinel Arms / Reutech Defense Industries
> Firing action: Semi-automatic; rotating cylinder
> Caliber & Feed: 12-gauge, 7- or 12-round revolving cylinder magazine
> Maximum effective range: 65 ft.
> Year introduced: 1983

Barrett M82
> Type: Anti-tank / anti-material rifle
> Country of origin: United States
> Manufacturer: Barrett Firearms
> Firing action: Semi-automatic; recoil-operated; rotating bolt
> Caliber & Feed: 12.7x99mm NATO, 10-round detachable box magazine
> Maximum effective range: 1850 ft.
> Year introduced: 1982

Barrett MRAD (Multi-role adaptive design)
> Type: Bolt-action sniper
> Country of origin: United States
> Manufacturer: Barrett Firearms
> Firing action: Manually-actuated bolt-action system
> Caliber & Feed: .388 Lapua Magnum, .300 Winchester Magnum, 7mm Remington Magnum, 10-round detachable box magazine
> Maximum effective range: 4800 ft.
> Year introduced: 2012

Beretta Model 1951
> Type: Semi-automatic service pistol
> Country of origin: Italy
> Manufacturer: Beretta
> Firing action: Short-recoil; locked breech; semi-automatic
> Caliber & Feed: 9×19 parabellum; 7.65x21mm parabellum, 8- or 10-round detachable box magazine
> Maximum effective range: 165 ft.
> Year introduced: 1951

BGM-71 TOW
> Type: Anti-tank guided-missile system
> Country of origin: United States
> Manufacturer: Hughes Aircraft / Raytheon
> Firing action: Tube-launched; optically-tracked; wire-guided
> Caliber & Feed: 127mm / 152mm, Single shot; reusable
> Maximum effective range: 12303 ft.
> Year introduced: 1970

Browning Hi-Power / FN GP35
> Type: Semi-automatic pistol
> Country of origin: Belgium
> Manufacturer: Browning Arms / Fabrique Nationale
> Firing action: Short recoil-operated; semi-automatic
> Caliber & Feed: 9×19 parabellum, 7.65x21mm parabellum, .357 SIG, 13-round detachable box magazine
> Maximum effective range: 131 ft.
> Year introduced: 1935

Browning M1919
> Type: Medium machine gun
> Country of origin: United States
> Manufacturer: General Motors / Rock Island Arsenal
> Firing action: Gas-operated; belt-fed; air-cooled
> Caliber & Feed: 7.92x57mm Mauser, 30-06 Springfield, 7.62x51mm NATO, .303 British, 250-round fabric belt
> Maximum effective range: 4500 ft.
> Year introduced: 1919

Colt CAR-15 Commando
> Type: Assault carbine / submachine gun
> Country of origin: United States
> Manufacturer: Colt Firearms
> Firing action: Semi/full auto; gas-operated; locking bolt
> Caliber & Feed: 5.56x45mm M193, 20- or 30-round detachable box
> Maximum effective range: 1320 ft.
> Year introduced: 1966

Colt M16
> Type: Infantry assault rifle
> Country of origin: United States
> Manufacturer: Colt Firearms
> Firing action: Gas-operated, rotating bolt
> Caliber & Feed: 5.56x45mm NATO, 20- or 30-round detachable box
> Maximum effective range: 1800 ft.
> Year introduced: 1963

Colt M4
> Type: Assault carbine
> Country of origin: United States
> Manufacturer: Colt Manufacturing / Remington Arms
> Firing action: Gas-operated; semi/full-automatic; locking bolt
> Caliber & Feed: 5.56x45mm NATO, 20- or 30-round detachable box
> Maximum effective range: 1640 ft.
> Year introduced: 1994

Colt M4A1 SOPMOD
> Type: Carbine rifle with special forces modification kit
> Country of origin: United States
> Manufacturer: Colt Firearms / Knights Armament
> Firing action: Gas-operated; rotating bolt
> Caliber & Feed: 5.56x45mm NATO, 30-round detachable box magazine
> Maximum effective range: 1968 ft.
> Year introduced: 1993

Dynamit Noble MATADOR
> Type: Man-portable, shoulder-fired rocket launcher
> Country of origin: Germany
> Manufacturer: Dynamit Nobel Defense / Rafael Advanced Defence Systems
> Firing action: Single-shot; disposable tube
> Caliber & Feed: 90mm, Single-shot
> Maximum effective range: 1600 ft.
> Year introduced: 2000

Fabrique Nationale FN MAG
> Type: General purpose machine gun
> Country of origin: Belgium
> Manufacturer: Fabrique Nationale
> Firing action: Gas-operated; open bolt; automatic fire only
> Caliber & Feed: 7.62x51mm NATO, Various, metal-link belt fed
> Maximum effective range: 3937 ft.
> Year introduced: 1958

General Dynamics Mk 47 Striker AGL
> Type: Automatic grenade launcher
> Country of origin: United States
> Manufacturer: General Dynamics
> Firing action: Short-recoil; belt-fed
> Caliber & Feed: 40x53mm, Belt-fed
> Maximum effective range: 5600 ft.
> Year introduced: 2006

Glock 17
> Type: Semi-automatic service pistol
> Country of origin: Austria
> Manufacturer: Glock
> Firing action: Recoil-operated; semi-automatic
> Caliber & Feed: 9x19mm parabellum, 10-, 17-, 19- and 33-round detachable box magazine
> Maximum effective range: 165 ft.
> Year introduced: 1983

Glock 19
> Type: Semi-automatic service pistol
> Country of origin: Austria
> Manufacturer: Glock
> Firing action: Short-recoil / double-action
> Caliber & Feed: 9×19 parabellum, 15-round detachable box
> Maximum effective range: 165 ft.
> Year introduced: 1988

H-S Precision HTR
> Type: Sniper rifle
> Country of origin: United States
> Manufacturer: H-S Precision
> Firing action: Manually-operated bolt-action
> Caliber & Feed: .338 Lapua Magnum, .308 Winchester, .300 Winchester Magnum, 3-, 4- or 10-round detachable box magazine
> Maximum effective range: 2625 ft.
> Year introduced: 2000

IMI B-300
> Type: Reusable anti-tank rocket system
> Country of origin: Israel
> Manufacturer: Israel Military Industries
> Firing action: Single-shot; disposable tube
> Caliber & Feed: 82mm, Single-shot
> Maximum effective range: 1312 ft.
> Year introduced: 1980

IMI MAPATS
> Type: Man-portable anti-tank missile system
> Country of origin: Israel
> Manufacturer: Israel Military Industries
> Firing action: Laser-guided, tube-launched
> Caliber & Feed: 156mm, Single-shot, reusable launch tube
> Maximum effective range: 16400 ft.
> Year introduced: 1984

Ingram MAC-10 (M10)
> Type: Submachine gun
> Country of origin: United States
> Manufacturer: Military Armament Corporation
> Firing action: Blowback-operation; full-automatic fire
> Caliber & Feed: 9×19 parabellum, .45ACP; .380 ACP, 30- or 32-round detachable box magazine
> Maximum effective range: 164 ft.
> Year introduced: 1970

IWI Galil ACE
> Type: Battle rifle
> Country of origin: Israel
> Manufacturer: Israel Military Industries
> Firing action: Gas-operated, rotating bolt
> Caliber & Feed: 5.56x45mm NATO, 7.62x51mm NATO, 25- or 35-round detachable box magazine
> Maximum effective range: 1650 ft.
> Year introduced: 2008

IWI Galil ARM / SAR
> Type: Designated marksman rifle
> Country of origin: Israel
> Manufacturer: Israel Military Industries
> Firing action: Gas-operated; rotating bolt
> Caliber & Feed: 5.56x45mm; 7.62×51,,, 25-, 35- or 50-round detachable box magazine
> Maximum effective range: 1804 ft.
> Year introduced: 1973

IWI Galil MAR
> Type: Compact assault rifle
> Country of origin: Israel
> Manufacturer: Israel Military Industries
> Firing action: Gas-operated; rotating bolt
> Caliber & Feed: 5.56x45mm NATO, 35-round detachable box magazine
> Maximum effective range: 984 ft.
> Year introduced: 1995

IWI Galil Marksman Assault Rifle Mark 1
> Type: Designated marksman rifle
> Country of origin: Israel
> Manufacturer: Israel Military Industries
> Firing action: Gas-operated; rotating bolt
> Caliber & Feed: 5.56x45mm NATO, 20-round detachable box magazine
> Maximum effective range: 1312 ft.
> Year introduced: 1996

IWI Galil Sniper (Galatz)
> Type: Semi-automatic sniper rifle
> Country of origin: Israel
> Manufacturer: Israel Military Industries
> Firing action: Gas-operated; rotating bolt
> Caliber & Feed: 7.62x51mm NATO, 20-round detachable box magazine
> Maximum effective range: 3280 ft.
> Year introduced: 1983

IWI Jericho 941
> Type: Semi-automatic pistol
> Country of origin: Israel
> Manufacturer: Israel Military Industries
> Firing action: Short recoil; semi-automatic
> Caliber & Feed: 9x19mm parabellum; .40 S&W; .45 ACP, 9- or 13-round detachable box magazine
> Maximum effective range: 197 ft.
> Year introduced: 1990

IWI Mini-UZI
> Type: Submachine gun
> Country of origin: Israel
> Manufacturer: Israel Military Industries
> Firing action: Blowback-operation
> Caliber & Feed: 9x19mm parabellum, 20-, 25- or 30-round box magazine
> Maximum effective range: 492 ft.
> Year introduced: 1980

IWI Negev
> Type: Light machine gun
> Country of origin: Israel
> Manufacturer: Israel Military Industries
> Firing action: Gas-operated; rotating bolt; selective-fire
> Caliber & Feed: 5.56x45mm NATO, 35-round detachable box magazine
> Maximum effective range: 3280 ft.
> Year introduced: 1997

IWI TAR-21 (Tavor)
> Type: Designated marksman rifle
> Country of origin: Israel
> Manufacturer: Israel Military Industries
> Firing action: Gas-operated; rotating bolt
> Caliber & Feed: 5.56x45mm NATO; 9x19mm parabellum, 20- or 30-round detachable box
> Maximum effective range: 1805 ft.
> Year introduced: 2006

IWI UZI
> Type: Submachine gun
> Country of origin: Israel
> Manufacturer: Israel Military Industries
> Firing action: Open-bolt; blowback
> Caliber & Feed: 9×19 parabellum; .45 ACP, 10-, 20-, 40- or 50-round box magazine
> Maximum effective range: 400 ft.
> Year introduced: 1950

IWI X95 (Micro-Tavor)
> Type: Compact bullpup assault rifle
> Country of origin: Israel
> Manufacturer: Israel Military Industries
> Firing action: Gas-operated, rotating bolt
> Caliber & Feed: 5.56x45mm NATO, 9×19 parabellum, 30- or 32-round detachable box magazine
> Maximum effective range: 1247 ft.
> Year introduced: 2009

Kalashnikov AK-47
> Type: Assault rifle
> Country of origin: Soviet Union
> Manufacturer: Izhmash / Kalashnikov
> Firing action: Gas-operated; rotating bolt
> Caliber & Feed: 7.62x39mm, 30-round detachable box magazine
> Maximum effective range: 985 ft.
> Year introduced: 1949

Kalashnikov AKM
> Type: Assault rifle
> Country of origin: Soviet Union
> Manufacturer: Kalashnikov / State Factories
> Firing action: Gas-operated; automatic
> Caliber & Feed: 7.62x39mm M1943, 20- or 30-round detachable box
> Maximum effective range: 1640 ft.
> Year introduced: 1959

Kalashnikov PKM
> Type: General purpose machine gun
> Country of origin: Soviet Union
> Manufacturer: Kalashnikov / State Factories
> Firing action: Gas-operated; open bolt
> Caliber & Feed: 7.62x54mmR Russian, 100-, 200- or 250-round belt
> Maximum effective range: 3280 ft.
> Year introduced: 1969

M14 Rifle
> Type: Battle rifle
> Country of origin: United States
> Manufacturer: Springfield Armory
> Firing action: Gas-operated; rotating bolt, selective fire
> Caliber & Feed: 7.62x51mm NATO, 20-round detachable box magazine
> Maximum effective range: 1509 ft.
> Year introduced: 1959

M2 Browning
> Type: Heavy machine gun
> Country of origin: United States
> Manufacturer: Saco Defense
> Firing action: Automatic short recoil-operated, air-cooled
> Caliber & Feed: 12.7x99mm NATO, 110-round metalic link belt
> Maximum effective range: 6550 ft.
> Year introduced: 1921

M47 Dragon
> Type: Portable wire-guided anti-tank missile system
> Country of origin: United States
> Manufacturer: Raytheon / McDonnell Douglas
> Firing action: Single-shot, line-of-sight, hollow charge
> Caliber & Feed: 140mm, Single-shot, single use
> Maximum effective range: 246 ft.
> Year introduced: 1975

M72 LAW
> Type: Disposable anti-tank rocket launcher
> Country of origin: United States
> Manufacturer: Talley Industries
> Firing action: Single-shot; disposable tube
> Caliber & Feed: 66mm, Single shot disposable tube
> Maximum effective range: 1640 ft.
> Year introduced: 1963

M79
> Type: Single-shot grenade launcher
> Country of origin: United States
> Manufacturer: Various contractors
> Firing action: Single-shot, breech-loaded; reusable
> Caliber & Feed: 40x46mm, Single shot
> Maximum effective range: 1150 ft.
> Year introduced: 1961

McMillan TAC-50
> Type: Anti-material / sniper rifle
> Country of origin: United States
> Manufacturer: McMillan Tactical Products
> Firing action: Manually-operated bolt-action
> Caliber & Feed: 12.7x99mm NATO, 5-round detachable box magazine
> Maximum effective range: 6561 ft.
> Year introduced: 2000

Mossberg Model 590
> Type: Pump-action shotgun
> Country of origin: United States
> Manufacturer: O.S. Mossberg & Sons
> Firing action: Pump-action slide
> Caliber & Feed: 12-gauge, 6-, 8-, or 9-round tubular magazine
> Maximum effective range: 130 ft.
> Year introduced: 1975

Rafael SPIKE
> Type: Shoulder-fired, anti-tank, guided missile launcher
> Country of origin: Israel
> Manufacturer: Rafael Advanced Defense Systems
> Firing action: Automatic self-guidance; reusable launcher
> Caliber & Feed: 170mm, Single shot
> Maximum effective range: 10000 ft.
> Year introduced: 1997

Remington M24 SWS
> Type: Bolt-action sniper rifle
> Country of origin: United States
> Manufacturer: Remington Arms
> Firing action: Manually-operated bolt-action
> Caliber & Feed: 7.62x51mm NATO; .338 Lapua Magnum, 5-round internal magazine / 5- or 10-round detachable box magazine
> Maximum effective range: 2624 ft.
> Year introduced: 1987

Remington M870
> Type: Pump-action shotgun
> Country of origin: United States
> Manufacturer: Remington Arms
> Firing action: Pump-action repeating
> Caliber & Feed: 12-, 16-, 20- or 28-gauge, 4- or 7-round tubular magazine
> Maximum effective range: 120 ft.
> Year introduced: 1950

Remington MSR
> Type: Bolt-action sniper rifle
> Country of origin: United States
> Manufacturer: Remington Arms
> Firing action: Manually-actuated bolt-action system
> Caliber & Feed: .338 Lapua Magnum, .338 Norma Magnum, 7.62x51mm NATO, 5-, 7- or 10-round detachable box magazine
> Maximum effective range: 4920 ft.
> Year introduced: 2013

Saab Bofors AT4-CS Light Anti-Armor Weapon
> Type: Man-portable disposable anti-armor system
> Country of origin: Sweden
> Manufacturer: Saab Bofors Dynamics
> Firing action: Expendable self-contained rocket launcher
> Caliber & Feed: 84mm, Single shot
> Maximum effective range: 984 ft.
> Year introduced: 1985

Saco Mk 19
> Type: 40mm automatic grenade launcher
> Country of origin: United States
> Manufacturer: Saco Defense Industries
> Firing action: Self-powered, air-cooled, belt-fed, blowback-operated
> Caliber & Feed: 40x53mm, Belt-fed
> Maximum effective range: 4500 ft.
> Year introduced: 1967

Stoner SR-25
> Type: Designated marksman rifle
> Country of origin: United States
> Manufacturer: Knights Armament
> Firing action: Gas-operated; rotating bolt; semi-automatic
> Caliber & Feed: 7.62x51mm NATO, 10- or 20-round detachable box magazine
> Maximum effective range: 2625 ft.
> Year introduced: 1990

TCI M89SR
> Type: Designated marksman rifle
> Country of origin: Israel
> Manufacturer: Technical Consultants International
> Firing action: Gas-operated; rotating bolt; semi-automatic
> Caliber & Feed: 7.62x51mm NATO, 10- or 20-round detachable box magazine
> Maximum effective range: 3280 ft.
> Year introduced: 1988

URGENT – New Seats Available (sponsored)

Top financial advisors are now accepting new clients for 2024! Finding the right advisor can be the difference between retiring early, or working forever. Don’t waste a moment matching with the right advisor for you. Every moment today can mean riches tomorrow, with the right advisor by your side.

Use the advisor match tool below, or click here now, to find your financial freedom!

Thank you for reading! Have some feedback for us?
Contact the 24/7 Wall St. editorial team.