10. First-line supervisors of retail sales workers
> Women’s earnings as pct. of men’s: 71.7%
> Women’s median weekly earnings: $639
> Men’s median weekly earnings: $891
> Number of workers: 2,388,000 (42.4% women)
First-line supervisors of retail sales workers typically oversee sales workers in a given store or department and often manage budgets and inventory. More often than not, men in such jobs earn far more than women. The median annual salary for men is in the position is an estimated $46,332, about $13,000 more than the median annual salary for women in the same occupational category.
The gender pay gap in the occupation only appears to be widening. In the last year alone, the weekly wage of male retail supervisors climbed 4.0%, a far greater increase than 1.4% uptick among women in the same job.
9. First-line supervisors of production and operating workers
> Women’s earnings as pct. of men’s: 71.1%
> Women’s median weekly earnings: $716
> Men’s median weekly earnings: $1,007
> Number of workers: 722,000 (18.4% women)
First-line supervisors of production and operating workers typically supervise various stages of production in a manufacturing facility. Examples of job titles in the occupational designation include production manager and shift supervisor. A male dominated occupation, just 18.4% of all production and operation supervisors are female. Not only are women less likely than men to have a job in the field, but also they are far more likely to be underpaid. The typical woman working as a first-line supervisor in manufacturing earns an estimated $37,232 a year, well below the median salary of $50,232 for both men and women in the job.
8. Financial managers
> Women’s earnings as pct. of men’s: 71.1%
> Women’s median weekly earnings: $1,222
> Men’s median weekly earnings: $1,719
> Number of workers: 1,111,000 (55.0% women)
A March 2017 paper published by the National Bureau of Economic Research found that at firms in the financial services sector, which disproportionately employs male workers, women were more likely to face gender discrimination. Of all financial managers, slightly more than half are women. Yet women in the occupation still earn significantly less than their male peers.
The NBER study also found that following an incidence of misconduct, females in the financial advisory industry face harsher punishments than males despite lower likelihood of repeat offenses. Such incidents were also found to be less costly than those involving male employees.
7. Real estate brokers and sales agents
> Women’s earnings as pct. of men’s: 70.6%
> Women’s median weekly earnings: $818
> Men’s median weekly earnings: $1,159
> Number of workers: 488,000 (55.1% women)
Just over half of all real estate brokers in the United States are women. The higher proportion of women in the occupation has not eliminated the gender pay gap, however. The typical female real estate agent earns only 71 cents for every dollar the typical male real estate agent earns.
According to a study conducted by CREW Network, a group working to advance the achievements of women in commercial real estate, women working in the industry frequently cite gender discrimination and family constraints among the top barriers to professional advancement.
6. First-line supervisors of housekeeping and janitorial workers
> Women’s earnings as pct. of men’s: 68.8%
> Women’s median weekly earnings: $515
> Men’s median weekly earnings: $749
> Number of workers: 190,000 (40.5% women)
First-line supervisors of housekeeping and janitorial workers oversee cleaning staff in any number of facilities, including hotels, hospitals, and offices. Though women comprise 84.3% of all maids and housekeepers in the United States, they comprise just 40.5% of supervisor roles. The job also has one the largest income gaps between men and women in the country. The typical female supervisor of a janitorial or housekeeping staff earns an estimated $26,780 a year, or about 69% of the $38,948 a male in the occupation earns annually.
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