18. Aqueous film-forming foam replacement, disposal and cleanup
> Total approved funding: $20 million
Aqueous film-forming foam, or AFFF, was commonly used on military bases and vessels to fight fires. However, carcinogenic properties were found within the substance, and this funding is going towards disposal and cleanup of the material as well as developing a substitute.
17. Polyfluoroalkyl substances remediation and disposal
> Total approved funding: $30 million
Much like AFFF, polyfluoroalkyl substances, or PFAS, are a series of chemicals that the U.S. military is phasing out due to their hazardous nature. The funding goes toward remediating and disposal.
16. National Security Space Launch research and development
> Total approved funding: $154 million
The National Security Space Launch program, also known as the NSSL, provides launch services for national security satellites. Parts of this funding go to experimental flight as well as for the restoration and maintenance of previously-used ballistics.
15. CH-53K Chinook development and testing
> Total approved funding: $220 million
The Chinook helicopter has been a staple of the U.S. armed forces, serving as a heavy lift and assault helicopter since the Vietnam era. Despite dating back decades, the CH-53K is still an invaluable asset. The funding goes to support continued software development and technological improvement of previous deficiencies.
14. Israeli cooperative research
> Total approved funding: $300 million
Historically, the U.S. has cooperated with foreign nations for developing weapons systems and the Israeli cooperative research is no different. The funding is going towards David’s Sling, Arrow-3, and Iron Dome. These projects are part of Israel’s missile defense system, which is capable of intercepting planes, drones, and tactical ballistic missiles in the medium and long range.
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