Special Report

How North Carolina's Homelessness Problem Compares to the Nation

John M. Chase / iStock Unreleased via Getty Images

An estimated 582,462 people experienced homelessness on a single night in January 2022, according to the Department of Housing and Urban Development. The agency notes that the economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic could have led to a far higher number, but with government outreach and programs to prevent eviction through rental assistance, the national homelessness rate rose only by 0.3% from 2020 to 2022.

The number of unhoused people declined by 8.6%, or 54,615, since 2010, but more persons experience unsheltered homelessness. Two out of every five people without a home were living in an unsheltered setting, with the number of unsheltered homeless persons increasing by 3.4% from 2020 to 233,832 in 2022. As HUD points out, the rise in unsheltered homelessness outpaced the decrease in sheltered homeless persons.

A reported 9,382 people were experiencing homelessness in North Carolina in January 2022, and an estimated 38.6% of them were unsheltered, the 15th largest share among the 50 states.

The number of people experiencing homelessness in North Carolina increased by 1.1% since 2020, but is down by 23.0% since 2010.

All data in this story is from the Office of Policy Development and Research.

 

Rank State Homeless individuals w/o shelter, 2022 (%) Total homeless population, 2022 Change in homelessness, 2020-2022 (%) Change in homelessness, 2010-2022 (%)
1 California 67.3 171,521 6.2 38.9
2 Mississippi 63.6 1,196 8.0 -56.4
3 Hawaii 62.7 5,967 -7.6 2.3
4 Oregon 61.7 17,959 22.5 -7.9
5 Arizona 59.2 13,553 23.4 -1.2
6 Tennessee 58.0 10,567 45.6 2.8
7 Arkansas 52.7 2,459 3.9 -11.0
8 Georgia 51.8 10,689 4.4 -46.1
9 Washington 50.2 25,211 10.0 10.2
10 Nevada 46.8 7,618 10.4 -32.0
11 Florida 45.2 25,959 -5.6 -54.9
12 Texas 44.9 24,432 -10.3 -30.4
13 Idaho 44.4 1,998 -13.7 -14.8
14 Alabama 42.1 3,752 12.0 -37.9
15 North Carolina 38.6 9,382 1.1 -23.0
16 Oklahoma 35.1 3,754 -4.5 -28.2
17 South Carolina 34.2 3,608 -15.8 -19.3
18 Colorado 30.4 10,397 5.6 -32.8
19 Kansas 29.1 2,397 -2.1 18.4
20 West Virginia 29.0 1,375 2.5 -39.3
21 Kentucky 27.2 3,984 -0.7 -39.8
22 Missouri 26.7 5,992 -8.2 -26.2
23 South Dakota 24.6 1,389 31.3 90.0
24 Utah 24.5 3,557 13.6 8.3
25 Minnesota 22.3 7,917 -0.3 0.6
26 New Mexico 21.6 2,560 -23.2 -26.3
27 New Hampshire 20.6 1,605 -4.2 2.0
28 Illinois 20.6 9,212 -11.7 -36.0
29 Montana 18.5 1,585 2.6 -1.9
30 Ohio 18.3 10,654 0.0 -15.2
31 Louisiana 16.8 7,373 132.4 -40.9
32 Iowa 16.8 2,419 -8.6 -19.7
33 Maryland 16.7 5,349 -15.9 -50.7
34 Rhode Island 15.7 1,577 42.8 23.0
35 Alaska 15.4 2,320 19.0 24.5
36 Indiana 14.7 5,449 -3.1 -15.5
37 North Dakota 13.6 610 12.8 -23.7
38 Pennsylvania 12.7 12,691 -5.1 -12.6
39 New Jersey 11.2 8,752 -9.4 -36.3
40 Michigan 11.0 8,206 -5.0 -37.2
41 Virginia 10.5 6,529 9.6 -28.1
42 Connecticut 10.0 2,930 0.9 -32.1
43 Wyoming 9.9 648 5.9 11.9
44 Nebraska 9.6 2,246 -6.6 -42.1
45 Massachusetts 7.3 15,507 -13.7 -6.8
46 Delaware 6.5 2,369 103.3 141.2
47 Wisconsin 6.3 4,775 5.8 -24.6
48 New York 5.4 74,178 -18.7 13.1
49 Maine 3.7 4,411 110.3 85.4
50 Vermont 1.6 2,780 150.5 127.9

 

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