Special Report

24 Medical Tests Every Man Should Have and When

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21. Audiogram
> When to get tested: Every 10 years for adults up to the age of 50

An audiogram is basically a hearing test showing how loud sounds need to be for a person to hear them. The test is used to show the type, degree, and configuration of hearing loss. Men are twice as likely as women to experience hearing loss among adults aged 20-69, but they are less likely than women to seek help, according to the National Institute on Deafness and other Communication Disorders. The most hearing loss occurs in adults between 60 and 69 years of age.

People are advised to get their hearing tests after the age of 21 to determine a baseline. This helps determine how exactly one’s hearing has changed over time. If a person has no hearing loss, he or she should have an audiogram every decade until age 50 and every three years after that.

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22. Metabolic syndrome
> When to get tested: After 50

Metabolic syndrome, which is a combination of high blood pressure, high blood sugar, excess belly fat, and high cholesterol levels, affects about 23% of U.S. adults, according to the American Heart Association. People with metabolic syndrome are at higher risk of developing cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and stroke. Some research has shown that men and elderly women are more prone to getting metabolic syndrome.

Metabolic syndrome is diagnosed if a person has three or more traits that describe the condition, including a waistline of more than 40 inches for men, high LDL “bad” cholesterol, high blood pressure, elevated fasting blood sugar, and higher triglyceride levels.

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23. Bladder cancer
> When to get tested: Age 50, if you have a history of smoking

Bladder cancer occurs in men a lot more frequently than in women. The American Cancer Society estimates there will be just over 62,000 new cases in men and 19,300 new cases in women in 2020. This type of cancer is the fourth most common cancer in men. Age is a major risk factor for bladder cancer — nine in 10 people with the disease are older than 55.

Screening for bladder cancer has been called by the Canadian Urological Association “the best opportunity to reduce mortality.” There are several ways to check for bladder cancer: a test to check for blood in the urine, a test that checks for cancer cells in the urine, and a few other tests that detect substances commonly found in cancer cells.

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24. Testicular exam
> When to get tested: Every year after 20

Testicular cancer is rare, making up just 1% of all cancers in men. Among men ages of 15 and 35, however, it’s the most common form of cancer, according to the Testicular Cancer Society. The diseases can almost always be cured if caught early.

According to the American Cancer Society, most doctors recommend that men be screened for the condition as part of their regular annual physical. Self-exams are recommended at least once per month.