Special Report

Most Important Civil Rights Leaders of the 20th Century

Source: Public Domain / Wikimedia Commons

11. A. Philip Randolph (1889-1979)
> Occupations: Politician and trade unionist
> Cause: Organizing African-American workers

Randolph was a driving force behind the movement to desegregate the U.S. military. He also was a strong labor organizer of African-American workers.

Source: Public Domain / Wikimedia Commons

12. Paul Robeson (1898-1976)
> Occupations: Athlete, singer, actor, lawyer, and politician
> Cause: Peace and union causes

Robeson was a multi-talented African-American who backed African independence, unions, promoted African-American culture and civil liberties, and supported Jewish refugees fleeing Hitler’s Germany.

Source: Public Domain / Wikimedia Commons

13. Roy Wilkins (1901-1981)
> Occupation: Journalist, activist
> Cause: African-American businesses

Wilkins helped extend loans to creditworthy African-Americans who had been denied loans by banks in Tennessee. He also co-founded the civil rights coalition group the Leadership Conference on Civil Rights.

Source: Harriette Moore / Wikimedia Commons

14. Harriette Moore (1902-1951)
> Occupation: Educator
> Cause: Better pay for African-American teachers

Harriette Moore was a teacher and civil rights activist who advocated for higher wages for African-American teachers, She was killed in Florida at the start of the modern civil rights movement.

Source: State Library and Archives of Florida / Wikimedia Commons

15. Harry T. Moore (1905-1952)
> Occupation: Teacher
> Cause: Better pay for African-American teachers

Harry T. Moore was a teacher and civil rights activist assassinated in Florida along with his wife when his car was bombed. He and his wife were considered to be the first fatalities of the modern civil rights movement.