Special Report

States With the Highest (and Lowest) Gas Taxes

31. Maine
> Tax as pct. of gas price: 13.4% (20th highest)
> State fuel tax: 30.0 cents per gallon (17th highest)
> Gas price: $2.25 (15th highest)

As in other northeastern states, the high cost of gas in Maine is largely due to the great distance the fuel must travel to reach consumers. Drivers in the state pay $2.25 per gallon, the 15th highest price nationwide. According to the EIA, Maine is actually extremely dependant on oil — and not just for gasoline. The majority of households in the state use petroleum-based home heating oil to stay warm in the winter.

32. Oregon
> Tax as pct. of gas price: 13.5% (19th highest)
> State fuel tax: 31.1 cents per gallon (14th highest)
> Gas price: $2.31 (10th highest)

At $2.31 per gallon, Oregon has the 10th highest average gas price, due in large part to the relatively high state fuel tax. The high price of gas is also affected by the state’s requirement that gas stations provide full-service. Oregon is one of only two states that ban self-service stations.

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33. Kentucky
> Tax as pct. of gas price: 13.6% (18th highest)
> State fuel tax: 27.6 cents per gallon (22nd highest)
> Gas price: $2.04 (25th lowest)

Kentucky is hardly the most oil-dependant state; Coal accounts for the vast majority of energy both consumed and produced in Kentucky. Still, driver clearly benefit the recent drop in gas prices, paying pay an average of $2.04 per gallon of gas, slightly lower than the national average.

34. Montana
> Tax as pct. of gas price: 13.6% (17th highest)
> State fuel tax: 27.8 cents per gallon (21st highest)
> Gas price: $2.04 (25th highest)

Montana has not raised its fuel tax in two decades. According to the ASCE, “It is estimated that $14.8 billion is needed to take care of Montana’s roadway system and bridges, but projected funding can only meet 25% of those needs.” However, the group also adds that Montana’s highways are currently in fairly good shape.

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35. Nevada
> Tax as pct. of gas price: 14.3% (16th highest)
> State fuel tax: 33.2 cents per gallon (10th highest)
> Gas price: $2.31 (9th highest)

Nevada has one of the the highest average fuel taxes in the nation. A major reason for this is that Clark County — which includes Las Vegas and is home to nearly three-quarters of Nevada’s population — hiked gas taxes twice in 2014. The county is set to adjust the fuel tax for inflation until 2016. Voters will then decide whether to continue pegging the tax to inflation.